한국환경과학회지 제31권 제7호 (p.637-652)

2018년 봄철 제주지역 고농도 PM2.5에 대한 배출량 및 물리·화학적 공정 기여도 분석

Contributions of Emissions and Atmospheric Physical and Chemical Processes to High PM2.5 Concentrations on Jeju Island During Spring 2018
키워드 :
High PM2.5 episode,Chinese and domestic emissions,Horizontal transport,Aerosol process,Integrated process rate,Jeju Island

목차

Abstract
1. 서 론
2. 재료 및 방법
   2.1. 대상지역, 자료 및 연구 방법
   2.2. 모델 구성 및 입력자료
3. 결과 및 고찰
   3.1. 고농도 사례일의 PM2.5 농도 특성 분석
   3.2. PM2.5 농도에 대한 국내외 배출량 기여도 분석
   3.3. PM2.5 농도에 대한 물리·화학적 공정 기여도 분석
4. 결 론
감사의 글
REFERENCES

초록

In this study, the contributions of emissions (foreign and domestic) and atmospheric physical and chemical processes to PM2.5 concentrations were evaluated during a high PM2.5 episode (March 24-26, 2018) observed on the Jeju Island in the spring of 2018. These analyses were performed using the community multi-scale air quality (CMAQ) modeling system using the brute-force method and integrated process rate (IPR) analysis, respectively. The contributions of domestic emissions from South Korea (41-45%) to PM2.5 on the Jeju Island were lower than those (81-89%) of long-range transport (LRT) from China. The substantial contribution of LRT was also confirmed in conjunction with the air mass trajectory analysis, indicating that the frequency of airflow from China (58-62% of all trajectories) was higher than from other regions (28-32%) (e.g., South Korea). These results imply that compared to domestic emissions, emissions from China have a stronger impact than domestic emissions on the high PM2.5 concentrations in the study area. From the IPR analysis, horizontal transport contributed substantially to PM2.5 concentrations were dominant in most of the areas of the Jeju Island during the high PM2.5 episode, while the aerosol process and vertical transport in the southern areas largely contributed to higher PM2.5 concentrations.