水産經營論集 Vol 53 No 3 (p.43-64)

IUU 어업 방지를 위한 국제적 규범과 우리나라 관련 법제의 개선방안

International L aws f or t he P revention o f I UU F ishing a nd Improvement Plans f or R elated L aw S ystems i n K orea
키워드 :
IUU Fishing,International Plan of Action,Regulation on IUU,PSMA,Distant Water Fisheries Development Act

목차

Abstract
Ⅰ. 서 론
Ⅱ. IUU 어업의 개념 및 우리나라 어업실태
   1. IUU 어업 개념의 기원
   2. IUU 어업의 정의
   3. 우리나라 IUU 어업의 실태
Ⅲ. IUU 어업 방지를 위한 국제적 규범
   1. FAO의 IUU 어업 규제를 위한 IPOA
   2. 국제수산기구의 IUU 어업 규제
   3. 우리나라 IUU 어업에 대한 규제 국가
   4. 항만국조치협정
   5. 해양법상 IUU 어업 규제
Ⅳ. 우리나라 IUU 어업 방지 법제의 개선방안
   1. 우리나라 IUU 어업 방지 법제의 문제점
   2. 우리나라 IUU 어업 방지 법제의 개선방안
Ⅴ. 결 론
REFERENCES

초록

Efforts to prevent IUU fishing began in 1996 as the IUU Antarctic Marine Living Resources Conservation Committee reported the multilateral efforts of the international community and related international organizations to prevent IUU fishing. Korea has recently been pointed out by the international community as to many problems regarding its will to eradicate IUU fishing. It is true that Korea has ever been designated as an ‘IUU participating country’ or a ‘non-cooperative third country’ by the international community and that there have been considerable difficulties in exporting seafood and using ports along with the deterioration of the national image. In 2020, with the efforts of related organizations and fisheries companies, Korea is now free from being known as a that Korea has recovered some degrees of trust from the international community through strengthening legal sanctions against IUU fishing and thorough implementation of follow-up measures is now free from non-cooperating country it cannot be said that the basic problems have been completely resolved just because it has emerged as a disgraceful country, and the current state of IUU fishing of Korea leaves a room for designation as a ‘non-cooperative third country’ again at any time in the future. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to examine the problems of the IUU fishing-related legal system in Korea and to come up with an improvement plan. Therefore, this paper reviews international norms for IUU fishing regulation (PSMA etc.) and domestic laws with the Distant Water Fisheries Development Act and Propose the improvement methods for related legal systems in Korea.