한국방문건강관리학회지 제1권 제1호 (p.1-11)

독거노인의 허약 영향요인

Factors Affecting Frailty among Community-dwelling Older Adults Living Alone
키워드 :
노인,허약,사회적지지 Aged,Frailty,Social support

목차

Abstract
Introduction
Methods
   1. 연구설계 및 연구대상자
   2. 연구도구
   3. 자료수집 및 윤리적 고려
   4. 자료분석
Results
   1. 연구대상자의 일반적 특성 및 신체기능(악력, 보행능력), 우울, 사회활동 참여수준, 사회적 지지와 허약수준
   2. 일반적 특성에 따른 허약수준의 차이
   3. 신체기능(악력, 보행능력), 우울, 사회활동 참여수준, 사회적 지지와 허약수준 간 상관관계
   4. 독거노인의 허약수준 영향요인
Discussion
Conclusions and Recommendations
References

초록

Purpose: Given the rapid aging of the population in Korea, many studies have emphasized the community efforts to slow down or prevent frailty of older adults who are living alone. However factors that affect frailty among older adults living alone remain unclear. This study aimed to identify the factors affecting frailty among community-dwelling older adults living alone.  Methods: This secondary data analysis used data of 126 older adults who are living alone. Levels of frailty, depression, social activity and social support were self-reported and physical function (Timed up and go test results and handgrip strength) were measured. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and multiple linear regressions.  Results: The overall mean score for frailty was 5.13 out of 20. Age, timed up and go test results, and social support were found to be statistically significantly associated with the frailty of older adults living alone.  Conclusions: Identification of significant physical and social factors affecting frailty among older adults living alone is beneficial for developing community-based healthcare. The development of community-based multi-component intervention or facilitating home-visit nursing care should be considered to slow down frailty and promote good health.