Purpose: This study examined the effect of the blended learning method during self-practice of transfusion therapy on nursing students’ academic achievement in transfusion therapy, confidence in performing transfusion therapy, self-directed learning ability, and satisfaction with self-practice. Methods: The study design was a non-equivalent control group pretestposttest quasi-experimental design. The participants were 75 nursing students divided into two groups: 38 in the experiment group and 37 in the control group. The blended learning method, combined with face-to-face and online learning, was applied to the experimental group’s self-practice from October 12 to 30, 2020. For the control group’s self-practice, face-to-face learning without online learning was employed. Results: The experimental group showed significantly better academic achievement than the control group. There were no significant differences in confidence in performance, self-directed learning ability, and satisfaction with self-practice between the two groups. Conclusion: This study showed that the blended learning method combined with face-to-face learning and online learning in self-practice significantly affected academic achievement. Further studies are needed to identify effective online learning methods for nursing practice.
본 연구의 목적은 천문영역에서 STAD 모형의 협동학습이 고등학생들의 학업 성취도와 과학적 태도에 미치는 영향을 밝히는데 있다. 본 연구의 또 다른 목적은 천문영역에 있어서 향상 점수에 근거한 협동 학습과 교사 주도로 수업이 이루어지는 전통적 학습 사이의 영향을 비교해 보는 것이다. 본 연구는 인천시 소재 일반계 고등학교 1학년 남학생 2개 반을 대상으로 하였다. 협동학습 집단의 학생들은 협동학습 방법으로 주당 4시간씩 4주 동안 수업을 받았다. 협동학습을 받는 동안에 학생들은 매주 ‘태양계 탐사와 별’ 단원에 대한 형성 평가를 받았다. 그 결과, 위의 두 가지 접근 방법은 학생들의 천문학적 지식에 있어서 상당히 다른 영향을 주었으며, 학생들이 전통적인 학습방법보다는 협동적인 학습방법에 보다 긍정적인 과학적 태도를 취하는 것을 보여주고 있다. 결론적으로 협동 학습은 천문학적 지식의 학습과 과학적 태도에 있어서 전통적인 학습보다 보다 효과적이고 긍정적인 것으로 나타났다.
The present study aimed at examining Korean college learners’ academic achievements and views in flipped classrooms. In total, 89 students with two different levels of English proficiency (45 in beginning class and 44 in intermediate class) participated in the study. All participants had pre-and post-test, and they responded to two surveys. Also, 15 students participated in the follow-up interview. The results showed that students’ academic achievements in the intermediate class were statistically significant in their post-test (p<.05) although those in the beginning class did not show any significance. Regarding students’ views on the approach, the findings revealed that many students in the beginning class considered the flipped learning skeptical while half students in the intermediate class perceived the approach positively. The results suggested that the flipped learning approach may not be an effective learning approach for beginning English learners. Finally, pedagogical implications and future research were discussed.