Purpose: This study aims to improve nursing students’ competency through evidence-based nursing simulation education. Simulations included blood transfusion care for cancer patients, pneumothorax post-op care, and blood pressure control for hypertension care. Moreover, the study investigated the effects of simulations on anxiety, self-confidence, and student satisfaction with the learning experience.
Method: Participants completed a survey on student satisfaction, self-confidence, and anxiety. A prospective, one-group, pre- and post-test design of 135 fourth-grade nursing students was used. A simulation scenario was developed according to the design. It consisted of pre-briefing, practice, serial tests, and debriefing. A simulation of three scenarios comprised blood transfusion care for cancer patients, pneumothorax post-op care, and blood pressure control for hypertension care. Twenty hours of evidence-based nursing simulation practicum consisting of three scenarios dealing with major adult diseases was conducted.
Result: Students showed significant improvements over time in self-confidence (t=4.67, p<.001), student satisfaction (t=3.94, p<.001), and anxiety (t=-4.63, p<.001) after the evidence-based nursing simulation.
Conclusion: Simulation of evidence-based education may be a useful and effective learning strategy. Nursing educators can design evidence-based simulation programs to improve educational effectiveness.
Purpose: Since the COVID-19 pandemic, virtual simulation practice has been increasingly activated as an alternative to clinical practice in nursing colleges. This study aimed to provide basic data by confirming changes in self-efficacy and nursing knowledge in the virtual simulations of nursing students, and identifying virtual presence, virtual patient learning system evaluation (VPLSE), and practical satisfaction. Methods: This was a single-group pre-post quasi-experimental study. The subjects were 28 third-grade nursing students. Results: Self-efficacy and nursing knowledge increased significantly (p<.001). Virtual presence had a significant positive correlation with VPLSE) (p=.002) and practice satisfaction (p=.011). There was also a significant positive correlation between virtual simulation learning evaluation and practice satisfaction (p<.001). Conclusion: Based on these results, virtual simulation practice can be used with clinical practice as an educational method to improve nursing students' self-efficacy and nursing knowledge in nursing education. Virtual presence was confirmed as a significant variable to improve practice satisfaction and VPLSE. It is necessary to develop a virtual simulation program that can improve virtual presence through collaboration with virtual reality technology experts.
본 연구는 가상 시뮬레이션기반 노인간호 실습교육 실시 후 간호대학생의 몰입경험과 학습역량 이 학습만족도에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 조사연구이다. 연구 대상자는 간호대학 학생 72명을 대상으 로 하였고, 자료수집은 2021년 4월 2일부터 5월 7일까지 온라인 설문을 통해 수행하였다. 자료분석은 SPSS/WIN 24.0을 이용하여 기술통계, 상관관계 및 다중회귀분석을 사용하였다. 연구결과, 가상 시뮬레이 션 교육 후 간호대학생의 학습만족도는 몰입경험(r=.656, p<.001), 학습역량(r=.672, p<.001)과 유의한 정 적 상관관계를 보였다. 학습만족도에 가장 영향력이 있는 요인은 학습역량(β=.459, p<.001), 몰입경험(β =.413, p<.001)으로 나타났으며 모형의 설명력은 60.9%이었다. 그러므로 가상 시뮬레이션 교육 후 학습만 족도를 향상시키기 위해서 실습에 대한 몰입을 촉진하고 개개인의 학습역량을 향상시킬 수 있는 방안들을 개발할 것을 제언한다.
본 연구는 DML(Debriefing for Meaning Learning[이하 DML])를 적용한 응급 시뮬레이션 실 습이 간호대학생의 비판적 사고능력, 문제해결 능력, 의사소통 능력에 미치는 효과를 확인하고자 시도되었 다. 연구는 비동등성 대조군 전후 실험설계의 유사실험연구로, D 시에 소재한 간호대학생 중 중재군 38명, 대조군 35명, 총 73명을 대상으로 하였다. 연구결과, 비판적 사고능력(t=-3.144, p=.002), 문제해결 능력 (t=-3.248, p=.002), 의사소통 능력(t=-4.051, p<.001)은 실험군이 대조군에 비해 유의하게 향상된 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구를 통해 DML은 간호대학생의 비판적사고, 문제해결능력, 의사소통능력을 향상시키는 방 법임을 확인하였다.
Purpose: This study developed an educational program for structured discussion-based learning, problem-based learning (PBL), and simulation for nursing students. Its effects on learning attitude, problem-solving process, and clinical competence were then analyzed. Methods: This study used a one-group pretest–posttest experimental method among 135 fourth-year nursing students taking the simulation course at a university in D city. We operated the PBL by applying the structured discussion method and simulation education based on four modules covering major diseases among adults. The data collected before and after the program were analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired t-tests. Results: The program significantly improved nursing students’ learning attitude, problem-solving process, and clinical competence. Conclusions: We verified the effects of the simulation education program for structured discussion-based learning and PBL. Further studies are needed to develop and apply simulation educational programs utilizing various devices that can improve learners’ participation and professors’ operational protocols by systematically combining them with different teaching/learning methods.
Purpose: This study aims to develop a simulation module equipped with scenario-based core nursing skills and test the effects after applying the simulation education based on a developed scenario. Method: This was a nonequivalent control group pre-/posttest design study, and 114 nursing students participated from April 1 to August 30, 2018. The applied scenario-based core nursing skills simulation module was developed in the order of planning, development, application, and evaluation according to the Dick and Carye Model’s program development process. Knowledge, self-efficacy, stress, and nursing practice were measured before and after intervention in two groups: an experimental group that performed a simulation after applying the scenario-based core nursing skills, and a control group that performed a simulation after applying core nursing skills. Results: Knowledge (F=23.19, p<.001), self-efficacy (F=25.83, p<.001), and nursing practice (t=9.51 p<.001) increased in the group that performed a simulation after applying the scenario-based core nursing skills, whereas stress (F=40.41, p<.001) decreased. Conclusion: Various education methods should be applied to increase the education effect of the simulation, Simulation performance can be used as an alternative to improve nursing practice during simulation education.
Purpose: This study examines the effects of clinical nursing simulation education program based on problem-based learning (S-PBL) on clinical reasoning, confidence in handover reports, confidence in nursing performance, and simulation effectiveness in nursing students. Method: We used a one-group pretest-posttest design. The participants were 4th-year university nursing students who had taken a core clinical nursing practice, and 90 students participated in the S-PBL program. Data were collected before and after the S-PBL program and analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired t-tests. Results: The S-PBL program significantly increased clinical reasoning, confidence in handover reports, and confidence in nursing performance. More than 90% of students were satisfied with the education program and the simulation education effectiveness was 2.54 on a 3-point Likert scale. Conclusion: The S-PBL program could be useful in clinical nursing education for nursing students seeking to become clinical nurses. It is necessary to develop various S-PBL programs and apply them to the curriculum.
Purpose: This study seeks to confirm the relationship between learning self-efficacy, learning satisfaction, and transfer motivation among nursing students who complete the integrated simulation practice class. Method: The data for the study were collected through self-report questionnaires administered to 4th year students and were analyzed using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The findings show that learning self-efficacy is 6.03±.69 (7 points), learning satisfaction is 4.23±.57 (5 points), and transfer motivation is 5.70±.90 (7 points). The transfer motivation has a positive correlation with both learning self-efficacy and learning satisfaction and learning self-efficacy has a positive correlation with learning satisfaction. The factors influencing the transfer motivation of nursing students are learning self-efficacy (β=.87, p<.001) and learning satisfaction (β=.24, p=.028), which together account for 61.9% of the transfer motivation. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that to enhance the transfer motivation for nursing students, it is necessary to develop a program and curriculum for increasing learning self-efficacy and learning satisfaction.
Purpose: This study is examined the effects of simulation practice education with problem-based learning methods on nursing students' learning attitudes, learning satisfaction, critical thinking disposition, and problem-solving ability. Method: A quasi-experiment single group pretest-posttest design was adopted. Simulation education was conducted by utilizing problem-based learning methods to teach the following topics to nursing students enrolled in 4th grade in S city: respiratory, circulatory, and nervous system. The experiment was conducted for 12 weeks, from September to December, 2019. Paired t-test and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient were used to analyze the collected data. Results: Learning attitude and problem-solving ability showed significant differences in the experiment. Among the sub-areas of problem-solving ability, there were significant differences in the following: problem recognition (p<.001), information gathering (p<.001), confident thinking disposition (p<.001), acceptance to carry out an adventure (p<.001), evaluation (p=.027), and feedback (p<.001). In addition, learning attitude showed significant positive correlations with learning satisfaction, critical thinking disposition, and problem-solving ability. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that, it is necessary to develop a variety of iterative studies and simulation scenarios to confirm the effectiveness of simulation training.
Purpose: Simulation-based education combined with mastery learning is more effective than simulation-based education alone. This study aimed to evaluate its effectiveness with regard to both technical and non-technical skills of simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) in blood transfusion training among undergraduate nursing students. Method: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Fifty-one second-year students at a college of nursing in W city, South Korea, who had not started clinical practice were selected by convenience sampling and allocated to either the experimental or control group using the zigzag method. SBML program was consisted of a diagnostic test, repeated learning and formative assessments for non-passers. All outcome variables were measured before and after completion of the program. Results: The experimental group showed significantly increased performance scores of blood transfusion as compared to the control group (z=29.50, p＜.001), with better outcomes in number of students achieving minimum passing score (χ2 =20.07, p＜.001), self-confidence (F=17.68, p＜.001), and communication skills (z=166.00, p=.003). Conclusion: This program was effective for undergraduate students to better improvement in performance, self-confidence, and communication skills, which can ensure greater safety in the transfusion. The results suggest that SBML ensures skill acquisition for clinical practice through improved performances in both technical and non-technical skills.
현재 출시된 중국어 학습 기능성 게임 및 관련 학술 연구는 많지만 대부분 스마트폰 플랫폼에서 수행되었으며 VR플랫폼 기반 학술 연구와 게임 개발이 많지 않다. 그러나 현재 VR기능성 게임은 가상현실 공간의 몰입적 체험이 학습효과를 확실히 높일 수 있다는 연구가 이미 존재한다. ‘Classroom Simulation’은 가상현실 공간의 시뮬레이션 강의실에서 수업과 게임을 하는 중국어 일상어를 배우는 기능성 게임이다. 이 게임은 중국어 초보자와 중국으로 여행을 가려는 외국인을 대상으로 이들이 중국어 일상어를 알아듣고 말할 수 있는것을 목적으로 개발하였다. 이러한 단일적 교육 목적으로 본 연구는 맞춤형 게임 시스템 설계를 진행하였다. 본 연구에서 중국어 일상어 교육용 기능성 게임을 구성하기 위하여 시뮬레이션 강의실과 교사를 구현하였으며 3가지 레벨의 게임플레이 설계에 대해서 소개하였다. 이 게임의 교육 효과와 효율성, 오락성을 검증하기 위하여 12명의 실험자를 선발하여 실험을 진행하였다. 실험 결과에 따르면 이 게임의 교육 효과와 효율성이 입증된 반면 게임 시나리오와 게임플레이 등 오락성 측면에서 미흡하다고 나타났다. 실험과 결과 분석을 바탕으로 개선 방안에 대해 검토했으며 향후 연구를 진행하고자 한다.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of learner-directed debriefing based on the clinical judgement model (LDCJM) on nursing students’ critical thinking disposition, selfdirected learning, problem-solving ability, and debriefing experience after simulation. Method: This study used a quasi-experimental design with 38 sophomore nursing students from one university. They were divided into an experimental group (n=20) and a control group (n=18). Collected data were analyzed by the Chi-square, the Mann-Whitney U-test, and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test using the WIN SPSS 22.0 program. Results: The experimental group that had participated in the LDCJM indicated significantly higher self-directed learning (U=23.50, p<.001), problem-solving ability (U=94.50 p=.011), and debriefing experience (U=87.00, p=.006) when compared to the control group. Conclusion: The results indicate that LDCJM is an effective learning strategy to improve self-directed learning, problem-solving ability, and debriefing experience. Further study is needed to identify the effects of various debriefing skills.
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effects of simulation-based learning on the
critical thinking disposition, communication confidence, and performance confidence in
nursing care for children with fever. Method: A one-group pre- and post-test design was
used. A total of 59 nursing students participated. Results: The results of this study showed
that the effectiveness of simulation-based learning showed statistically significant improvement
in critical thinking disposition, communication confidence and performance confidence.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that simulation-based learning in the nursing care of
children with fever may be an effective teaching-learning method for nursing students.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of pre-briefing in simulation-based learning on nursing students’ satisfaction with simulation. Method: A quasi-experimental post-test study was applied with 174 senior nursing students at a private university in South Korea. The experimental group (n=88) underwent a pre-briefing program, whereas the control group (n=86) did not. During pre-briefing, students had time to study simulation scenarios, discuss nursing processes related to simulation scenarios, and experience a simulation environment before simulation practice. Satisfaction scores were measured using the Satisfaction with Simulation Experience scale(SSE). Results: The mean scores in satisfaction with simulation were higher in the experimental group than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (t=-4.23, p<.001). Conclusion: This study emphasizes that pre-briefing in simulation-based learning is important in increasing students’ satisfaction and should be included in the planning of simulation-based learning programs.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of repeated simulation and role rotation in a cardiac arrest simulation on learning immersion, learning confidence, and simulation satisfaction. Methods: This study was the descriptive survey and 199 nursing students completed a cardiac arrest simulation-based education program developed by the researcher. Participants repeated the simulation 3 times. Data were analyzed using time series, ANOVA, t-test with SPSS 21.0 program. Results: Over than 2 times was effective frequency of repetition of simulation. There were no differences in learning immersion, learning confidence and satisfaction after simulation due to rotation. Additionally, there were no differences in satisfaction after simulation. However, participants in the lead nursing role in simulation had less learning immersion and learning confidence compared to those not in the lead role. Conclusion: The results indicate that repeted use of the cardiac arrest simulation improved clinical practice; however, role rotation did not impact learning immersion or learning confidence. Even though there was no effect of role rotation, the results did indicate that experience as a leader in simulation is associated with less learning immersion and confidence. These results suggest the need to carefully debrief the lead nursing student. Further, in order to prevent nursing instructor burn-out and encourage participation of students in learning, future work should examine increased repetition frequency.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of simulation training using video debriefing on the self-efficacy, problem solving ability, and learning satisfaction of nursing students. Method: The study design was control group pre-and post-test non-synchronized experimental design. The sample included two teams of 138 nursing students. The experimental group provided feedback after the simulation was run, and then the team was debriefed through the video recorded video in the debriefing room, and the control group performed the oral debriefing. This study was conducted from November 10, 2015 to December 10, 2015, using descriptive statistics, χ²-test and t-test. Results: The scores of the self-efficacy, problem- solving process performance, and learning satisfaction were higher than those of the group who received the video debriefing (experimental group) than those who received the oral debriefing training (control group). Conclusion: It has been found that debriefing using video in the simulation training has a positive effect on self-efficacy, ability to perform problem solving process and improvement of learning satisfaction, so it can be utilized as an effective teaching and learning strategy and also helps strengthen nursing capacity.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the difference in problem solving ability and learning flow by team based simulation learning depending on the level of metacognition of nursing students.
Methods: This study was one group pre-posttest design. The subjects were 81 students enrolling in the simulation-based practice. Simulation learning included team based pre-discussion, taking a simulation and being debriefed during 4 weeks. Data were collected from May to June, 2015 using a structured questionnaire on metacognition, problem solving ability, and learning flow. Data were analyzed using SPSS win 20.0 program.
Result: There were significant positive correlations between metacognition, problem solving ability, and learning flow. The student who had higher metacognition score than other group had scored problem solving ability and learning flow in pre and post program.
Conclusion: These results suggest that metacognition has a positive effect on nursing students' learning outcomes. Therefore, it should be considered the metacognition in composing the team based simulation learning in nursing.
Purpose: This study was tried to identify the effects of problem-based learning integrated with simulation education on the critical thinking disposition, problem-solving process and self-confidence of nursing process in nursing students.
Methods: This study was one group pre-post test design, participants are 47 senior nursing students. We developed the simulation practice by applying problem based learning taking 2 hours per session, once per week for 15 weeks. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, paired t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients using the SPSS WIN 18.0 program.
Result: There was a significant difference simulation practice by applying problem based learning on the critical thinking disposition, problem-solving process and self-confidence of nursing process of nursing students. There was a correlation between each other variables.
Conclusion: Therefore, suggest that the repeated studies to verify the effects of simulation practice by applying problem based learning.
Purpose: This study sheds light on the learning experiences of simulation-based education in nursing, through a comparative analysis with clinical practice experiences.
Methods: Participants were six nursing students who underwent simulation-based nursing education. In-depth focused individual interviews were conducted, and themes were extracted from the data through content analysis.
Results: Two essential themes were extracted: 1) shift from being an observer to being active participants and 2) shift from unidimensional to multi-dimensional problem solving.
Conclusion: These results indicate that simulation-based education was effective in enhancing learning attitude and problem-solving skills. These results can also guide nurse educators regarding the conditions under which simulation environments are more effective