문화와예술연구 제12집 (p.99-114)

海昏侯刘贺墓铜器初步研究

A Preliminary Study on the Bronzes of Liu He of Haihun Marquis
키워드 :
海昏侯,刘贺,铜器,定名,功能,时代分组,乐器组合,诸侯之礼,Marquis of Haihun,Liuhe,Bronzes,Naming,Function Period,Musical Instruments Assemblage,the Rite for the Rank of a Marquis

목차

摘要
Ⅰ. 引言
Ⅱ. 定名和功用问题
Ⅲ. 组合和器用制度问题
Ⅳ. 结语
參考文獻
Abstract

초록

本文在江西南昌西汉海昏侯刘贺墓出土铜器整理的基础上,首先讨论 了铜器的定名和功用问题,指出四升为鋗、十升为盘、廿升为盆,鋞的功用 也可能为保温的食器,锺为体量较大的壶类铜器的专名。其次,从时代上将 刘贺墓铜器为四组,分别为周代铜器、昌邑王时期铜器、刘贺被废黜归昌邑 国的铜器和刘贺为海昏侯时期的铜器,器物归属为刘髆、刘贺、李家姬、南 昌县等。此外,刘贺墓乐器组合上,14件钮钟、10件甬钟、10多件铁磬形成 三套装配在三组虡架上,三组铜乐器三面悬挂,组合体现了诸侯之礼。
Based on the arrangement of the excavated bronzes at the tomb of Marquis of Haihun Liuhe of the Western Han dynasty in Nanchang Jiangxi, this paper first discusses the naming and function of the bronzes, which points out that the four liters is juan-basin, ten liters is pan-basin, twenty liters is pen-basin, the function of xing-warmer also be providing heat preservation of food, Zhong is dedicated to the large size of wine vessel. Secondly, from the period, the bronzes of Liu He’s tomb are divided into four groups, which are Zhou Dynasty bronzes, King of Changyi bronzes, the bronzes of Liu He who were deposed to the ruins of the Changyi and the bronzes of Marquis of Haihun, which belong to Liu Bo, Liu He, Li Jiaji and Nanchang. In addition, on the combination of Liu He’s tomb musical instruments, which are chime of 14 niu-bells, 10 yong-bells, and more than 10 pieces of iron stones, could be three sets on the three sets of musical instruments, which could be hung along three sides of the hall: the musical instruments assemblage match the rite for the rank of a marquis.