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Nuclear DNA inheritance of intra-specific somatic hybrids by di-mono cross in Pleurotus ostreatus

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  • URLhttps://db.koreascholar.com/Article/Detail/298747
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한국버섯학회 (The Korean Society of Mushroom Science)
초록

The primary objective of the present study is the characterization of the somatic hybrids of dikaryon-monokaryon (di-mono) crosses in mushroom breeding. We employed this technique for developing superior strain from Pleurotus ostreatus strains with 56 intraspecific hybrids of 14 combinations between six Pleurotus ostreatus strains and one Pleurotus florida strain. In this study, the results of analysis on hybridization rate, nuclear DNA patterns, and colors and morphology of fruit-bodies, are presented as follows.
In di-mono crosses, somatic hybrids among Pleurotus strains showed 100% of crossability as seen in those among Pleurotus strains indicating that nuclei of a dikaryon migrated to a recipient. 89.3% of the somatic hybrids among Pleurotus strains were similar to the donor dikaryons, and 10.7% had combined DNA patterns of both parents. In the 14.3% di-mono cross between P. ostreatus and P. florida, the nuclear DNA patterns of the all hybrid strain showed the same or similar patterns compared to the donor dikaryons. 75.0% of the hybrid between P. ostreatus and P. ostreatus were similar to the donor dikaryons; 10.7% had combined DNA patterns of both parents. 82.2% of fruiting body morphology of the hybrids among Pleurotus strains were similar to the dikaryons, and 17.8% had combined DNA patterns of both parents. All hybrid strains between dikaryon P. florida and monokaryon P. ostreatus showed the fruiting body whose colors were similar to those of the dikaryon, while the hybrids between dikaryon P. ostreatus and monokaryon P. florida were all showed combined colors of both parents but are more similar to the dikaryon. Therefore, the fruiting body color of P. florida tends to be generally dominant.
The present study was able to find out and suggest superior hybrid strains by identifying the nuclear DNA patterns of hybrids between Pleurotus strains as well as the characteristics of their fruiting bodies. This study expects that the advantages of the di-mono crossing are needs to be fully utilized in mushroom breeding and it is better to develop superior strains of Pleurotus strains.

저자
  • Young Bok Yoo(Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)
  • Young Sook Han(Department of Food and Nutrition, Sungshin Women’s University)
  • Won Sik Kong(Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)
  • Kab Yeul Jang(Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)
  • Pyung Gyun Shin(Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)
  • Eun Jung Kim(Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)