Candida sp. L-16 균주가 생산하는 D-xylulokinase는 배양균체를 초음파 파쇄한 조효소액으로 하여 황산암모늄 염석, DEAE-cellulose, chromatography, Sephadex G-100과 Sephadex G-200 gel filtration 과정으로 정제하여 최종 수율 11.2%로 약 23.2배 정제하였다. 정제 효소의 분자량은 SDS-PAGE로 분석한 결과 분자량은 75,000 dalton으로, Sephadex
The D-xylulokinase from Candida sp. L-16 was purified through a sequence of ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, Sephadex G-100 and Sephadex G-200 gel filtration. The specific activity of the purified Dxylulokinase was increased to 23.2 fold and the yield was 11.2%. The enzyme was showed to be a single protein band by SDS-PAGE. The molecular weight of the enzyme was 150,000 dalton, this enzyme was identified to be a dimer with two subunits. The optimum conditions of the enzyme were pH 8.0 and 40, respectively. The enzyme was relatively stable between pH 7.0 to pH 9.0, but it was unstable over 30. The enzyme showed substrate specificity on D-xylulose, D-arabinose and D-ribose, Km value and Vmax for D-xylulose were 0.042 mM and 117 units/ml, respectively. The activation energy of the enzyme was 4.75 Kcal/mol. The one was inhibited by metabolic intermediates such as 6-phosphogluconic acid, 2-keto-gluconic acid. The enzyme was activated by EDTA and thiol compounds such as cysteine-HCI, DTT and glutathione.