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4M 기법을 활용한 전기화재 예방대책 수립 연구 KCI 등재

A Study on the Establishment of Preventive Measures for Electric Fires Using the 4M Technique

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대한안전경영과학회지 (Journal of Korea Safety Management & Science)
대한안전경영과학회 (Korea Safety Management & Science)
초록

The purpose of this study is to reduce the probability of occurrence of electric fires as a preemptive preventive measure, and to strengthen the capability of preventing electric fires by strengthening the cooperative function between electric fire-related departments and establishing a cooperative system. In this study, the general aspects of electric fires were identified by reviewing the literature such as ignition mechanisms of electric fires. And the major electrical fires that occurred in the last 10 years were classified into ignition factors (short circuit, overload/overcurrent, and earth leakage/ground fault) and ignition sources (wiring/wiring appliances, electrical equipment/household appliances). And the 4M technique was used to analyze the potential causes of ignition at the fire site and to suggest preventive measures. In the case In this study, out of 48 electrical fires in the past 10 years, 16 short-circuit fires, 3 overload/ overcurrent fires, 3 short-circuit and earth fault fires, 16 fires in wiring/wiring appliances, and 10 fires in electrical equipment/home appliances classified as cases. And prevention measures were presented in terms of human, machine, media, and management by using the 4M technique. For the preemptive prevention of electric fires, strengthening the compulsory electrical safety inspection and making it mandatory to report when new or expanding electric facilities, charging a fee for electric safety inspection for detached houses and granting benefits subject to inspection completion, improvement of the electric safety voluntary inspection table and safety indications; It was suggested as a policy to organize and operate electrical safety inspection personnel in a two-person team (mixed), establish a close work cooperation system with related organizations, and strengthen electrical safety education and publicity.

목차
Abstract
1. 서 론
2. 이론적 논의
    2.1 전기화재 발화 메커니즘
    2.2 사례분석
    2.3 4M 분석기법
3. 전기화재 발화 원인분석 및 예방대책
    3.1 전기화재 발화요인별 사례 및 예방대책
    3.2 전기화재 발화원별 사례 및 예방대책
4. 정책제언(결론)
    4.1 전기안전점검의 강제력 강화 및 신고의무화
    4.2 단독주택의 전기안전점검의 유료화 및수검 완료대상 혜택 부여
    4.3 전기안전 자율점검표 및 안전표시의 개선
    4.4 전기안전점검 인원을 2인1조(혼성)로편성·운영
    4.5 긴밀한 업무 협조체제 구축 및 전기안전교육·홍보 강화
5. References
저자
  • 박찬석(서원대학교 소방행정학과) | Chanseok Park (Department of Fire Service Administration. SEOWON University) Corresponding Author
  • 오택흠(신화FEC) | Teakhum Oh (Shin Hwa FEC)