사회언어학 제29권 제3호 (p.61-86)

한국 국적 취득자의 한국어 능력 입증 필요성에 대한 한국인의 인식 연구 : 한국인의 국민 정체성, 다문화 인식과 사회통합유형 선호도 요인을 중심으로

A Study on the Per ception of Kor eans about the Kor ean Pr oficiency of Individuals Seeking Kor ean Citizenship
키워드 :
language policy,language and citizenship,language and immigrant,language and identity,language and ethnic identity

목차

Abstract
1. 머리말
2. 이론적 배경
   2.1. 한국 국적 취득 절차에서 언어의 지위
   2.2. 국적 취득자의 한국어 능력 입증 필요성 영향 요인
3. 연구 방법
4. 실증 분석 결과
   4.1. 응답자의 인구 통계적 특성
   4.2. 변수의 타당성 및 신뢰성 검정 결과
   4.3. 상관관계 분석 결과
   4.4. 성별과 학력에 따른 평균 차이 검정 결과
   4.5. 다중 회귀분석 결과
   4.6. 한국어 능력 기대 수준별 설문조사 결과
5. 맺음말
참고문헌

초록

The purpose of this study is to provide data for effective immigration policy by investigating the factors that influence Korean citizen’s expectations for the Korean language proficiency of foreigners who seek Korean citizenship. The factors that influence these expectations are Korean citizen’s sense of national identity, multicultural receptivity, and preference for type of social integration. To summarize the results, first, Korean women showed stronger preferences for foreigners being required to demonstrate their Korean proficiency level when compared to their male counterparts. Second, there was a difference in multicultural receptivity of Korean citizens according to academic background, with higher education levels trending with higher rates of multicultural acceptance. Third, when the civic factor, a sub-factor of national identity perception, was high, the preference for foreigners to prove higher Korean language proficiency was also higher. Fourth, if multicultural receptivity was high, the preference for foreigners to demonstrate high levels of Korean language proficiency increased. Fifth, among social integration types, those who favored assimilationism reported significantly higher preferences for demonstration of Korean proficiency. Sixth, the level of Korean language proficiency expected of those who acquired Korean citizenship was 30% for beginner level and 50% for intermediate level.