Lee, Gil-Jae. 2004. A Sociolinguistic Research on the Restructuring of Declension and Inflection Stems in Naju Dialect. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 12(1). This research investigates, by examining the synchronic distribution of linguistic variants across social classes, the directions and the social implications of the restructuring of the declension and inflection stems in Naju dialect. Past research of the restructuring of the stems has been focused only on the synchronic variation which reflects the last phase of linguistic change. For example, the conclusion of past research that ‘the ᄃ-irregular inflected words’ have been restructured to ‘Xㄹㆆ’ or ‘X’ has not shown restructuring processes but only the results of linguistic change. In other words, the restructured ‘Xㄹㆆ’ or ‘X ’ only shows linguistic variation, but it does not explain what it means in the linguistic society and its social meaning. Furthermore, even if the simplification is a general tendency of restructuring, the results of past research cannot prove what variants would survive at the next phase. This study, accordingly, examines the stem restructuring processes and the directions of transformation concentrating on the nouns with stem endings ‘ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ’ and the inflected words with stem endings ‘ㅅ, ㄷ’ in Naju dialect.