The distribution of tidal current and tidal induced residual current, topographical eddies and tidal residual circulation in the waters surrounding the Geumo Island-An Island channel were identified through numerical model experiments and vorticity balance analysis. Tidal current flows southwest at flood and northeast at ebb along the channel. The maximum flow velocity was about 100-150 cm/s in neap and spring tide. During the flood current in the neap tide, clockwise small eddies were formed in the waters west of Sobu Island and southwest of Daebu Island, and a more grown eddy was formed in the southern waters of Geumo Island in the spring tide. A small eddy that existed in the western waters of Chosam Island during the ebb in neap tide appeared to be a more grown topographical eddy in the northeastern waters of Chosam Island in spring tide. Tidal ellipses were generally reciprocating and were almost straight in the channel. These topographical eddies are made of vorticity caused by coastal friction when tidal flow passes through the channel. They gradually grow in size as they are transported and accumulated at the end of the channel. When the current becomes stronger, the topographic eddies move, settle, spread to the outer sea and grow as a counterclockwise or clockwise tidal residual circulation depending on the surrounding terrain. In the waters surrounding the channel, there were counterclockwise small tidal residual circulations in the central part of the channel, clockwise from the northeast end of the channel to northwest inner bay of An Island, and clockwise and counterclockwise between Daebu Island and An Island. The circulation flow rate was up to 20-30 cm/s. In the future, it is necessary to conduct an experimental study to understand the growth process of the tidal residual circulation in more detail due to the convergence and divergence of seawater around the channel.
Numerical analysis has been carried out to analyze seawater flow field and power generation characteristics of the tidal current power generation system for various multi channel shroud systems. Geometrical multi channel arrangement largely affects the flow field characteristics in the shroud system which power generation performance through turbine blade depends on. Sectional averaged velocity in front of the turbine blade which increases more than 2 times compared with channel inlet is much influenced as well as the flow from the rear with curl. And flow variation results in high inlet velocity in horizontal arrangements of multi channels with mechanical output of the turbine. These results are expected to be used as applicable data for the development of the tidal power generation system with shrouds.
In order to understand the tidal current and mean flow at the west channel of Yeoja Bay in the South Sea of Korea, numerical model experiments and vorticity analysis were carried out. The currents flow north at flood and south at ebb respectively and have the reversing form in the west channel. Topographical eddies are found in the surroundings of Dunbyong Island in the east of the channel. The flood currents flow from the waters near Naro Islands through the west channel and the coastal waters near Geumo Islands through the east channel. The ebb currents from the Yeoja Bay flow out along the west and the east channels separately. The south of Nang Island have weak flows because the island is located in the rear of main tidal stream. Currents are converged at ebb and diverged at flood in the northwest of Jeokgum Island. Tidal current ellipses show reversing form in the west channel but a kind of rotational form in the east channel. As the results of tide induced mean flows, cyclonic and anticyclonic topographical eddies at the northern tip but eddies with opposite spin at the southern tip are found in the west channel of Yeoja Bay. The topographical eddies around the islands and narrow channels are created from the vorticity formed at the land shore by the friction between tidal currents and the west channel.
한강하구 염하수로 주변의 조석·조류 변형과 창·낙조 우세를 분석하기 위해서 4개 정점에서 동기간에 관측한 조류자료와 기 관측된 조석자료를 분석하였다. 조석 및 조류의 변형 정도는 M4/M2 진폭비를 분석한 결과 상류로 갈수록 증가하며, 조석의 상대 위상차(2M2-M4)를 계산하면 모든 정점의 값이 180˚ 이하로 창조 우세를 보여준다. 그러나 조류자료의 통계분석 결과를 보면 조석 조화상수의 상대 위상차 결과와는 다르게 최강·평균 낙조가 창조에 비하여 강하게 나타나며, 정조시각을 이용하여 창조, 낙조 지속시간을 계산하면 낙조 지속시간이 길게 나타난다. 각 조류 관측정점의 주축 방향 유속성분의 상관도를 분석한 결과 인천항 이후 염하수로 북쪽입구까지는 상관도 값이 0.9 이상으로 높게 나타났다. 조류 분석결과에서 보여지는 낙조가 우세하고 낙조 지속시간이 긴 형태의 원인을 분석하기 위해서 조화분해 결과를 재구성하였다. 주 분조(M2)와 천해 분조(M4)를 결합하면 창조가 우세하고 낙조 지속시간이 긴 전형적인 창조우세 형태의 곡선이 나타난다. 그러나 이 곡선에 조류 성분의 산술 합으로 계산한 비 조류성분(잔차류)의 값을 더하면 낙조가 강해지고 낙조 지속시간이 긴 형태로 나타난다. 즉, 천해분조에 의해서 발생하는 상류방향의 흐름을 극복하는 담수와 하구 비선형 효과에 의해서 생성되는 장주기 조류성분과 같은 낙조방향의 평균적인 흐름이 존재하기 때문에 독특한 낙조심화 현상이 염하수로에서 나타난다.