최근 건축 경향에 따라 단층 프리폼 구조에 대한 관심이 증대되고 있다. 축력과 모멘트를 동시에 받는 구조적인 특성으로 인해 프리폼 구조에서 노드는 응력이 집중되는 부분으로 상세 개발이 이루어져야 한다. 본 논문은 단층 프리폼 구조의 모멘트형 노드를 제안하고 축력과 모멘트에 대한 유한요소해석을 수행하였다. 유한요소해석을 통해 내력이 검증된 모델에 구멍 크기 및 위치에 따른 변수를 적용하여 변수해석을 진행하였고 결과를 비교분석하여, 구조적인 성능을 만족하여 안전성을 가지고 동시에 물량도 가장 절약할 수 있는 노드 Prototype을 결정하였다.
Recent building structures are superior in its ability but they are light and flexible, and so have problems of habitability induced by building vibration. In general, the problem of vertical vibration is not considered in structural design. However, in terms of serviceability for inhabitants in buildings, the estimation of vertical vibration in design stage is important. Characteristics of vertical vibration is changed by modeling method of beam-column joint. To check the characteristics of vertical vibration, many tests and analyses were conducted on constructing building in Seoul. Results of tests and analyses were compared using transfer function. As a results, to check the vertical vibration characteristics, the cramp ratio of beam-column joint must be considered and reduced to 50% ~ 60% in structural design.
This paper presents the results of experimental investigations on the response control performance of tuned liquid damper(TLD). Steel frame building model is used for the experiments. Shaking table is controled by velocity consol. Experimental variables are mass ratios(u=mass of TLD/mass of structure), shape ratio(depth of water/ length of TLD), number of nets(N) and tuned frequency ratio(fl/fs). Results show that the greater the mass ratio is, the more good the control performance is. So, it can be concluded that TLD is able to be used for the remodeling of existing buildings that are not designed to resist earthquake
Earthquake resistance design has been developed many countries like Japan, USA, Mexico, New Zealand etc., which countries have experienced many earthquakes. Nowadays, earthquake resistance design has come into worldwide use. In Korea, the seismic design regulations have been established since 1988 in order to minimize the economic losses. Recently performance based design method has been adopted as a new Earthquake resistance design method. These regulations, however, are targeted for newly constructed buildings, In Korea, there are no regulations for existing buildings that built before 1988. On the other hand, in Japan and USA, the seismic performance evaluation is coded. In Japan, the evaluation index which can measure seismic performance has been made. So, we need to prepare the regulations that evaluate the seismic performance, furthermore proper retrofitting design guideline needs to be proposed when remodeling old buildings. In this research, various seismic performance evaluation methods which are being used in Japan and USA are reviewed in order to establish seismic performance evaluation index for those existing old structures in Korea.
This paper presents the experimental results of a Soil-Cement Composite Earth Retaining Wall comprised of reinforced concrete underground wall, H-shaped steel beams in earth retaining wall and fiber reinforced soil cement wall. Sixteen specimens are tested to evaluate the bending capacity of the wall. Main variables in the test are strength of concrete, arrangement of shear connector, soil-cement, and fiber reinforcement. Test results are as follows. (1) Composite member under positive moment showed 18% increase of the maximum strength. (2) After soil cement was reinforced with fiber by adding 1% of soil cement weight, compared to cases not reinforced with fiber, strength of under compression increased 7%, moreover, 30% of strength enhancement was shown under tension case also. (3) When the composite member resists positive bending moment (i.e., H-shaped steel beam is in compression), the strength is increased by 18%. Moreover, 7% additional strength enhancement appears after the soil cement is reinforced by fiber. As a results, fiber reinforced soil cement has strength enhancement effect up to 25%.
중약진 지역으로 분류되고 있는 대만에서 1999년에 발생된 예상치 못한 막대한 경제적 피해와 사상자를 기록하였다. 대만과 마찬가가지로 중약진지역으로 분류되는 우리나라에서도 지진발생시 많은 문제발생이 예상됨에 따라 기존건물의 내진성능평가의 필요성의 인식하게 되었다. 본 연구에서는 미국과 일본에서 이미 적용되고 있는 기존 건축물의 내진성능 평가 기법을 분석하고 이를 3층 규모의 모멘트 골조 건물에 적용하여 평가해 보았다. 평가는 일본건축방재협회에는 철근콘크리트 구조물의 내진성능평가 규준을 적용하였다.