본 연구에서는 충남 연안에서 연안조망의 어획 특성을 파악하기 위하여, 2008년 3월부터 2009년 2월까지 매월 2∼4회 연안조망을 사용하여 어획조사를 실시하였다. 조사 해역은 동경 125도 50분∼126도 05분, 북위 36도 15분∼36도 25분의 해역이었고, 총 19목 63과 96종이 채집되었다. 그 중 어류가 54종, 갑각류가 27종, 복족류 및 이매패류가 9종, 그리고 두족류가 6종이었다. 생체량은 어류가 51.4 %로 가장 많았으며, 갑각류는 34.2 %를 차지하였다. 꽃새우는 7월~11월에 출현량이 많았고, 12월부터 5월까지는 적은 양이 출현하였다. 연안조망의 목표종인 꽃새우는 전체 어획물의 2.1 %로 낮은 채집 비율로 출현하였으며, 꽃새우 이외 어종의 부수적 어획물의 양적 비율이 높아, 꽃새우 어획이 부수어획으로 어획되는 종들의 수산자원에 미치는 영향이 클 것으로 판단된다.
The age and growth of the Pacific cod, Gadus macrocephalus were investigated using left sagittal otoliths of 682 individuals collected in the West Sea of Korea from January to December 2007. The seasonal changes in the ratio of an opaque zone to interval between annular rings revealed that the narrow translucent parts of the otolith were annual growth rings formed between February and March once a year. The spawning period was December to January and therefore the duration from fertilization to the complete formation of the opaque zone became thirteen months. From the parameters calculated using the average length when the year ring was formed, the estimated von Bertalanffy growth equations were Lt=100.0(1-e-0.1640(t+0.5247)) for females and Lt=64.6(1-e-0.3335 (t+0.3342)) for males when is total length in age t.
Species composition and seasonal variation of aquatic organism in the marine ranchig ground of Taean, Korea were investigated using shrimp beam trawl from January to December 2010. A total of 99 species, 5,355,816ind./km2 and 84,697kg/km2 of aquatic organism were collected. Among them, fish include 9 orders 33 families 54 species, crustaceans include 2 orders 15 families 30 species, cephalopods consist of 3 orders 4 families 5 species, gastropods include 2 orders 3 families 4 species, echinoidea sp. include 1 order 2 families 2 species, bivalves were composed of 2 orders 2 families 2 species, and holothuroids include 1 family 1 order. According to the dominants by month, Palaemon gravieri was dominant in January, Cynoglossus joyneri was dominant in February, March, and June, and Hexagrammos otakii was dominant, in July. And Oratosquilla oratoria was dominant echinoidea sp. was dominant in April, May, and August and in September, October, November, and December. Cluster analysis based on species composition of the 38 most common species showed that the species were separated into 5 different groups. Group A was composed of species which were abundant in spring and summer, group B was composed of year-round residents, and group C was composed of species which were abundant in autumn.
Species composition and seasonal variation of aquatic organism in the coastal waters off Taean, Korea were investigated using catches by commercial fishing of the pot and gill net from April 2010 to January 2011. A total of 58 species, 10,602 individuals and 547,569g of aquatic organism were collected during the study. Aquatic organism were composed of 22 species of Pisces, 20 species of Crustacea, 8 species of Gastropoda, 3 species of Echinodea, 2 species of Cephalopoda and Bivalvia, and 1 species of Holothuroidea. 41 species in 9 orders and 22 families were collected by the pot, and 28 species in 15 orders and 22 families were collected by the gill net. Volutharpa ampullacea was the most dominant in the pot, while Okamejei kenojei was the most dominant in the gill net. These two species accounted for 73.9% in the number of individuals, and 64.4% in biomass. The number of species was high in spring in the pot, and autumn in the gill net. The number of individuals and biomass were highest in winter and summer respectively in the pot, and summer in the gill net. The number of species of the consignment quantity caught by commercial fishery of the pot and gill net in Mohang was 12 and 14 respectively. Cluster analysis based on species composition of the 18 most common species showed that the species were separated into 3 different group. Group A was composed of species which were abundant in spring, group B was composed of species which were abundant in summer and autumn, and group C was composed of year-round residents.
Catches, CPUE, fishing season, disc width composition and fishing ground were studied to rebuild skate ray, Raja pulchra resource by the offshore longline fishery in Heuksan-do, Korea. Annual catches and CPUE of skate ray were increased from 2003 to 2010 (CPUE: from 2007 to 2010) continuously. The main fishing season of the skate ray was from December to next May. Disc width at 50% maturity for Raja pulchra by sex were estimated to be 65.83cm, 57.01cm by female and male respectively. The range of disc width was 22.3-112.0cm and the average disc width was 66.9cm, 60.0cm by female and male of Raja pulchra respectively during 2007-2010. Annual average of disc width of female skate ray was decreased from 2007 to 2010. The fishing grounds were formed from the coastal water off Hong-do to the coastal water off Gyeogyeolbiyeol-do, Korea. The center of fishing ground in October was formed in the northwestern coastal water off Gyeogyeolbiyeol-do and separated from that of the other months.
한 중 황해환경공동조사 연구는 1993년 11월 한 중 환경협력에 기초하여 1995년 5월 한 중 환경협력공동위원회에서 채택되어, 1997년부터 매년 1회씩 한국과 중국이 황해에 대한 공동조사 및 분석을 격년별로 주관하여 실시하고 있다. 본 연구는 한 중 양국이 황해를 대상으로 양국 과학자가 공동으로 승선조사 및 분석을 실시하는 연구로서, 황해에서 해양환경의 특성과 잠재적 오염압력을 평가하고, 과학적이며 체계적인 데이터베이스를 구축하며, 황해 환경에 대하여 한 중 양국이 국가적 차원에서 공동으로 관리할 수 있는 기반을 마련한다는 데 큰 의의가 있다. 또한 황해 오염현상의 공동연구를 통한 한 중 간 해양환경 협력 기반을 구축하고, 황해에 대한 과학적이며 체계적인 해양학적 자료의 축적 및 황해환경 보전을 위한 자료 제공 등 한 중 간 창해 공동관리 시스템 기반을 조성하기 위한 것이다. 지금까지 조사된 결과, 조사해역의 해양환경은 양호한 상태로서 해역 생활환경 수질기준 I등급을 나타내었다. 그러나 매년 황해의 COD 값이 점차 증가하는 경향을 보이고 있으며, 최근 양국 연안지역에서의 인구밀집과 산업화로 인하여 해양환경오염이 가중되고 있는 실정으로 오염 부하량이 지속적으로 증가할 것으로 예상된다. 지금까지 실시된 한 중 황해환경 공동조사는 연 1회 실시되고 있어, 황해의 다양한 해양환경 특성을 상세히 밝히기는 어려우나, 한 중 양국 간 황해 관련 각종 환경정책을 입안하는 데 필요한 기초 자료를 산출하는 데 있어 중요한 역할을 하고 있다. 따라서 양국은 앞으로 조사 횟수, 조사해역 및 조사항목을 연차적으로 확대할 계획이다.