벼 이앙기별 인산에 의한 논조류 발생과 제초제에 의한 방제 효과는 다음과 같다.
1. 단작 및 이모작 벼 재배지에서 총출현 종수는 61종으로 녹조류 34종, 규조류 16종, 유글레나 7종, 그리고 남조류 4종이 발생하였고, 녹조류, 규조류는 이모작지가 많았고, 유글레나는 같았으며 남조류는 단작이 많았다.
2. 인산을 이앙전에 50%처리하고 분얼기에 50% 시비하였을 때 총인이 0.06 mg L-1로 가장 높았고, 조류 발생량도 무인산 대비 6월 6일 이앙한 구에서 14.8 mg 20 ml-1으로 3배 이상, 6월 20일에 이앙한 구에서 9.8 mg 20 ml-1 2배 이상 증가하였다.
3. 벼 생육단계별 분얼기, 유수형성기, 그리고 수잉기의 토양 인산의 함량은 관행 및 인산분시별로 유수형성기가 인산의 함량이 116.5~191.8 mg kg-1으로 가장 높은 경향이었으며 무 처리구에서는 15.5~29.1 mg kg-1로 낮았다. 이앙시기별로는 이앙이 빠를수록 높은 경향이었으며, 인산분시별로는 관행에 비해 분시하였을 때 높은 경향을 보였다.
4. 클로로필-a 함량은 6월 6일 이앙한 구에서는 제초제 처리 후 7일에 가장 낮은 6.3 mg m-3 이고, 7월 상순에 무처리구에서 75.8 mg m-3 로 가장 높았다. 6월 20일 이앙한 구에서는 제초제 처리후 7일에 가장 높은 경향이었으며 제초제 처리 후 14일과 21일은 감소하는 경향이었다
5. 논조류 억제율은 quinoclamine이 단작에서 59.2%, 이모 작에는 44.4%로 가장 높았으며, 다음으로 bromobutide + imazosulfuron + pyraclonil > benzobicyclon + mefenacet + peno xsulam >무처리 순이었다.
To investigate the optimum harvesting time of rice from June to December 2015 at Yezin in Middle plain area of Myanmar. The rice cultivars tested were Dasan2, Yeongpungbyeo(Korean cultivars) and Shwe Thwe Yin(Myanmar cultivar). The ripened grain rate were high when the harvesting date after heading were between 35 and 40 days for Dasan2, Yeongpungbyeo and between 30 and 35days for Shwe Thwe Yin, respectively. The highest yield of rice was obtained when harvested 35 to 40days after heading for all cultivars. However, the shattering loss was the highest in 40days after heading, the yield losses in 40DAF(days after flowering) are 2 to 2.7 times more than other treatments in 30DAF. Therefore, the estimated optimum harvesting times are 40DAF, 31DAF and 25DAF for Dasan2, Yeongpungbyeo and Shwe Thwe Yin, respectively.
To select the forage millet variety suitable for cultivation in the reclaimed tideland, forage and feed value compared for 16 millet cultivars grown at the Saemangyem reclaimed tideland, Korea, from April to August in 2014-2015. In order to select barnyard millet for forage that substitute rice, a total of 16 germplasm were collected, including germplasm in retained by the Rudal Development Administration’s Agricultural Genetic Resources Center, and domestic and foreign germplasm which other researches were retaining in Korea. Out of the 16 germplasm, including Jeju barnyard grass (JBG), were initially selected which are late-heading, long plant height, wide leaves, seed shatter-resistant, and with high dry forage yield in Saemangyem reclaimed tideland. The highest fresh weight and dry weight of barnyard millet were 78.4 ton ha-1, and 21.1ton ha-1 in transplanting May 10. The content of proline was the highest in JBG and IT153610 variety. Total phenol contents were the highest in JBG and the lowest in PI183332 variety, but very high in yield ability were selected; JBG was selected.
We investigated the changes in the physicochemical properties of wheat grains during ripening stage to determine the effect of the rise in average temperature on that of wheat grains. The treated average temperatures were 18.3°C(control), 19.9°C(1.6°C increase), 21.5°C(3.2°C increase) in artificial climate room from heading time to harvest. Results showed that the ripening period from heading to maturity tended to be shorter during higher temperature treatment condition. The 1,000-grain weight, grain width, number of florets per spike, and number of grains per spike decreased as the ripening period was shortened. Gelatinization properties were affected by high temperature due to the reduction of starch and amylose contents. As the grain filling period was shortened by high temperature treatments, the crude protein content increased. As the grain filling period was shortened by 6 days, the starch and amylose contents decreased by 10.8% and 5.4%, respectively. However, the crude protein content increased by 1.7% in such a condition. Starch content showed positive correlations between amylose and breakdown. Meanwhile, it showed negative correlations between electric conductivity of leaching water from seeds, crude protein content, peak viscosity, trough viscosity, final viscosity, and setback.
To determine the effect of soil salinity and crop response according to drainage methods, a field experiment was conducted in reclaimed tidal flat land adjacent to Yeongsangang located at Sanyimyon Haenamgun Jeonnam province for three years from 2012 to 2014. Three drainage methods, subsurface drainage (SD), 30 cm open ditch drainage (OD30) and 60cm open ditch drainage (OD60) tested on silt loam soil. In SD and ND, soil salinity were lower than OD30 and OD60 but there was no significant soil EC to the depth of open ditch. SD had a little effect in lowering ground water table. Waterlogging intensity in SEW30 values during the growing season was the lowest in SD 297 compared with the OD30 855, ND 1,420 and OD60 1,553 cm-day. From the above results, subsurface drainage system control soil salinity and waterlogging. Also, the open ditch drainage had an effect on drainage improvement but there was no significant effect on desalinization. So drainage and soil reclamation were essentially needed to stable upland crop cultivation at the reclaimed tidal flat land.