In this research, a new piston pinhole boring machine for simultaneous 3-axis machining using linear motor and tilting unit is developed. We propose a new method that combines the linear motor and tilting unit to overcome the limitations of existing techniques. By using the linear motor, we suggest oval machining of piston pin holes. The horizontal reciprocating motion of the linear motor allows for oval machining, creating horizontal or vertical ovals on the pin holes based on the spindle tool's rotation angle. For profile machining of piston pin holes, we propose the use of a tilting unit that converts servo motor motion into linear motion. The vertical motion of the tilting unit enables profile machining, allowing the spindle tool connected to it to translate vertically during spindle rotation and shape the pin holes. To ensure simultaneous oval and profile machining, we suggest channel synchronization, separating the oval and profile machining channels. Synchronizing these channels enables both oval and profile machining to be performed simultaneously on the pin holes. In summary, this research aims to develop a piston pinhole boring machine that effectively utilizes the linear motor and tilting unit for accurate and productive pin hole machining, achieving simultaneous 3-axis machining.
In this research, a new structure of an asymmetric piston dedicated machining center is developed. By applying 2 linear motors in this machine, the slide unit structure could be simplified by comparing to the ball screw method, resulting in easier maintenance of the machine and enabling simultaneous machining in 2 axes and high-speed precision machining. In addition, a dedicated HMI for the asymmetric piston is developed to support efficient operation by workers, allowing them to verify product quality and take necessary actions. It is confirmed that by fully utilizing control libraries and productive programming languages, immediate response to future demands could be achieved. Through speed control loop performance testing, it is confirmed that applying feedforward function could improve the response speed, control accuracy, and stability of the speed control loop. The application of polynomial interpolation and Newton interpolation in the actual machining of asymmetric pistons confirmed the achievement of dynamic machining precision at high speeds. The developed machine and HMI are expected to contribute significantly to the efficiency, productivity, and improvement of product quality in the machining of asymmetric pistons.