In order to investigate the optimum condition of the autofrettage process for the diesel engine fuel injection pipe, different values of autofrettage pressure, pressure rising time, pressure holding time, and repetition of autofrettage process were applied. Autofrettage was performed by applying the hydrostatic internal pressures of 604MPa, 535MPa, 500MPa on the fuel injection pipe, corresponding to theoretical 50%, 30%, and 20% overstrain levels, respectively. The autofrettage residual stresses in the injection pipe were experimentally determined by using X-ray diffractometer. As the overstrain level increased, the magnitude of compressive residual stress at the bore increased. It was found that the rising time to reach the autofrettage pressure, holding time at the autofrettage pressure, and repeated application of the autofrettage pressure on the pipe had no significant influence on the residual stress distributions.
In order to respond to environmental pollution, developed countries, including Korea, have begun to conduct research to utilize hydrogen energy. For mass transfer of hydrogen energy, storage as liquid hydrogen is advantageous, and in this case, the volume can be reduced to 1/800. As such, the transportation technology of liquefied hydrogen for ships is expected to be needed in the near future, but there is no commercialized method yet. This study is a study on the technology to test the performance of the components constituting the membrane type storage container in a cryogenic environment as a preparation for the above. It is a study to find a way to respond by analyzing in advance the problems that may occur during the shear test of adhesives. Through this study, the limitations of ISO4587 were analyzed, and in order to cope with this, the specimen was supplemented so that fracture occurred in the adhesive, not the adhesive gripper, by using stainless steel, a low-temperature steel, to reinforce the thickness. Based on this, shear evaluation was performed under conditions lowered to minus 243℃, and it was confirmed that the breaking strength was higher at cryogenic temperatures.
The following results were obtained by conducting a flow experiment. The experiment with air volume showed that the ducts with 3 shapes in the same cross-sectional area were large in the order of circular duct, square duct, and flexible duct. As a result of measuring the pressure value by duct shape to determine the cause of the difference between the flow rate and the air volume value by duct, the negative pressure was large in the order of circular duct, square duct, and flexible duct. in the countercurrent test, In the case of circular ducts, the deviation was high, In the case of Flexible ducts, the mild increase in the countercurrent is judged to be the difference in pressure and friction received by shape.
In this study, in order to confirm the machining characteristics of AISI 1020 CD-Bar, cutting was performed after strength measurement, and surface roughness analysis was performed according to cutting conditions. Tensile strength was reduced by about 27.7% compared to AISI 1045 material, and Rockwell hardness HRC was reduced by 46.7%. The surface roughness measurement after cutting was divided into roughing, semi-finishing and finishing turning. In particular, in finishing machining, the best surface roughness was confirmed when the cutting speed was 150m/min and the depth of cut was 0.6mm based on the feed rate of 0.05mm/rev.
In this research, a new structure of an asymmetric piston dedicated machining center is developed. By applying 2 linear motors in this machine, the slide unit structure could be simplified by comparing to the ball screw method, resulting in easier maintenance of the machine and enabling simultaneous machining in 2 axes and high-speed precision machining. In addition, a dedicated HMI for the asymmetric piston is developed to support efficient operation by workers, allowing them to verify product quality and take necessary actions. It is confirmed that by fully utilizing control libraries and productive programming languages, immediate response to future demands could be achieved. Through speed control loop performance testing, it is confirmed that applying feedforward function could improve the response speed, control accuracy, and stability of the speed control loop. The application of polynomial interpolation and Newton interpolation in the actual machining of asymmetric pistons confirmed the achievement of dynamic machining precision at high speeds. The developed machine and HMI are expected to contribute significantly to the efficiency, productivity, and improvement of product quality in the machining of asymmetric pistons.
Electric doors have been applied in urban trains since 2007 and operated for a long time. Recently, the failure of mechanical devices in electric doors have been increasing. The door is a device that is directly related to the safety of passengers. The rivet breakage of a ball/nut assembly may occur to an accident during train operation. In this study, the operating voltage and acceleration data of the door were collected for rivet condition monitoring, and 4 features were extracted in the frequency domain using the acceleration data. The classification performance of the rivet condition according to the axial direction of the acceleration data and 4 kernel functions was evaluated using SVM algorithm. When the X-axis data and Gaussian kernel function were used, the highest classification performance was shown for the electric door’s rivet with 90% accuracy.
The preliminary study was conducted on the use of navigation instruments and programs conducted in the previous demonstration and experiment of the training ship SAEBADA, real-time sharing and accuracy of land and sea information, and the development of real-time effective information transmission and reception and management system programs. Based on this, this study used the training ship CHAMBADA, which is similar in length to the tonnage of the fishing boat. The purpose is to present errors in ship situation-specific information data, alarm systems for marine information, and land and ship transmission and reception programs collected using intelligent information management systems to find out whether they can be applied and used in fishing boats. It plans to conduct research on direct and indirect safety and ship’s stability when the intelligent information management system operates in real time in the operation of ships considering the characteristics of small fishing boats and the characteristics of fishing.
The cutting process, which is a key processing technology in various industrial fields is achieving continuous growth, and the demand for high-quality cutting surfaces is continuously demanded. Plasma cutting continues to be studied for its excellent workability and productivity, but problems with cutting surface quality such as dross formation occur, so research to secure excellent cutting surface quality through appropriate control of process variables is essential. In this study, we propose a method for predicting surface roughness using real-time current and cutting speed data obtained while performing plasma cutting on A106 B steel pipe. Surface roughness was predicted based on the RBF algorithm applicable to prediction and control models. It was shown that the surface roughness of the plasma cutting surface can be predicted with the arc current waveform and process speed data. This study can be used as a basic study to control the surface roughness of the cut surface in real time.
Recently, it has been applied and used in various fields using 3D printing. Since it is closely connected to our lives, the mechanical properties of the output are actively studied. Therefore, in this study, tensile specimens were manufactured using the FDM lamination method using PLA materials, and the changes in tensile properties were compared and evaluated. First, 120 tensile specimens were manufactured using the spacing angle and lamination density of the lamination angle as control factors. After that, a tensile test was conducted at the same tensile speed of 5mm/s to compare and evaluate the tensile strength and elastic modulus. As a result, it was found that the tensile strength and elastic modulus increased linearly with density than the lamination angle. In addition, when the laminating angle was 0°, the tensile strength and elastic modulus were the largest. When the laminating angle was 108°, the lowest tensile strength and elastic modulus were confirmed.
The tribological properties of TiC, TiN and TiC/TiN coatings on steels prepared by the cathodic-arc (CA) ion plating technique were investigated. Experiments were carried out on a tribo-test machine using a Falex journal V block system. The friction and wear characteristics of the coatings were determined by varying the applied load and sliding speed. The TiC, TiN and TiC/TiN coatings markedly increased the tribological characteristics of the surface. As far as a single layer coating was concerned, TiN goes better results than TiC. However, the TiC/TiN multilayer coating performed better than either single layer coating. The major factor in the improved performance of the multilayer coating was the role of TiC in improving the adhesion between the external TiN layer and the substrate steel.
In this study, numerical modeling on the gas flow and off-gases in the low temperature carbonization furnace for carbon fiber was analyzed. The furnace was designed for testing carbonization process of carbon fibers made from various precursors. Nitrogen gas was used as a working gas and it was treated as an incompressible ideal gas. Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics for steady state turbulent flow was used to analyze flow pattern and temperature field in the furnace. The off-gas mass fraction and cumulative emission gas of species were incorporated into the CFD analyses by using the user defined function(UDF). As a results, during the carbonization process, the emission of CO2 was the dominant among the off-gases, and tow moving made the flow in the furnace be uniform.
In this study, the thermal equilibrium of a motor operated in the sea and the temperature in the equilibrium were studied. To predict the equilibrium temperature in the sea, the cooling performance of the motor was studied by comparing results of analysis and experimental results in the air condition. By this study, the method of prediction of the cooling performance of a motor in various environments could be useful.
Numerous studies have attempted to predict the energy output of solar-powered vehicles based on different parameters such as road conditions, driver characteristics, and weather. However, since these studies were conducted on stationary vehicles, they are limited in their accuracy when applied to driving vehicles. This study aimed to improve the accuracy of electric power prediction for a solar-powered bus by applying a technique that improves energy efficiency without affecting driving performance. A comparative analysis of power generation and solar irradiance data was conducted for the bus driven on different roads to forecast its power generation, and a high-accuracy power generation prediction equation was derived. A comparison with actual test results revealed that a power generation forecast accuracy of at least 90% was achieved, validating the equation used for forecasting. With this power generation prediction process, it is possible to forecast the amount of energy generated in advance when a solar bus is operated in a specific area.
Hexagonal bolt, nut, fittings, and high-pressure valves with special alloy play an important role in many industrial products, for instance, such as semiconductor facilities, hydrogen stations and fuel cell electric vehicles. The purpose of this study is to predict the reaction force of roller in drawing system. Numerical analysis was conducted to obtain data for designing the turning wheel, which is key parts in drawing system, using the reaction force of roller. As the results, the reaction force of X axis direction was about 9~20 times larger than that of Z axis direction and the reaction force of Y axis direction was negligible. The maximum reaction force of roller was the case of 4 stage and the numerical results in this study could be helped for designing the mechanical parts of variable hexagonal rolling die.
The noise of large and high-power machines was evaluated and the establishment of mitigation measures was studied. The noise level of large machinery and high-power machinery installed at domestic plant sites was investigated and compared with the noise disclosure regulations to see if they met the standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Act. This investigated the soundproofing design of large and high-power machines and the soundproofing design of complex noise of large machines installed in the plant, and prepared the design standards of the plant design company. In the future, we will compile a database of data to secure standards for research and plant design related to noise reduction, and propose noise improvement and management measures for large and high-power machines.
Plasma polymerized Styrene thin films were used as a memory layer in a memory device. As for the memory layer, a ppS thin films were used for the organic memory device and their charge storage characteristic was investigated comparatively, where the charge storage effect was evaluated by a hysteresis voltage. The organic memory device with ppS thin film of 30nm and 50nm as memory layer showed promising memory characteristics such as hysteresis voltage of 20V and 28V. The ppS revealed promising charge storage properties which confirms that an organic memory device without floating gate could be successfully implemented by using the ppS thin film as a memory layer.
The purpose of flow analysis is to develop a simple CFD analysis model to develop a heat transfer analysis model including transient heat transfer characteristics, especially phase change, of thin film evaporators. The simple analytical model focuses on the evaporation phase change. To reduce the computational cost, the shape was simplified to two dimensions, and the simulation time was set short with a focus on simulating the phase change phenomenon. In the future, based on this analysis model, we will develop an analysis model for simulating not only vaporization but also liquefaction, that is, transient distillation phenomenon, according to the shape of the thin film distillation device.
This research introduced a command-filtered backstepping control of mirror system to maintain laser communication between satellite and ground station. This requires a 2 degree of freedom gimbal mirror system using DC motors for target acquisition, pointing, and tracking (APT) system. This APT system is used for laser communication between satellite and ground stations. To track these desired angles, we have to control DC motors using introduced command-filtered backstepping controller (CFBSC) with disturbance. Command filtered backstepping controller has second order filter instead differentiation for simple and fast calculation. Introduced command-filtered backstepping control gives a smooth control signal for intermediate states. Simulation results verify that CFBSC outperforms SMC in terms of tracking error and disturbance rejection.
In this paper, we introduce the result of the locker of the safety helmet to protect the user’s life from accidents of personal mobility, i.e. electrical-scooter, electrical bicycle and kick-board. Through Arduino kit which is the one of common open source computing platform, electric circuit and equipment to fulfil the functions of the locker of the safety helmet is designed and made. Especially the functions which are protected from the damage of humidity and sterilization of bacteria will be automatically operated in locker by Arduino board and bluetooth module with various sensors. The dimension of the locker is designed using CATIA program and made with ABS(Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) resin to keep and lock the helmet.
We have observed a phenomenon where the internal X capacitors of the input EMI filter experienced damage during operation. To solve the problem, we have analyzed the malfunction by identifying the characteristics and operating principles of EMI filter. Based on this analysis, we have derived improvement strategies and validated them through experiments. This paper help some people prevent the similar problem when developing the similar equipment and solve the similar problem of the similar equipment.