The area around a certain airbase was affected by the noise of military helicopters, which seriously reduced the quality of the living environment in the surrounding area. In this paper, an automatic noise measurement system is set at 3 measurement points around the flight path of the 00 flight field. The fixed noise monitoring system is set up to measure the aircraft noise every day。 and selects the measurement site to facilitate the impact of noise caused by helicopter flight on the surrounding life. There is also a manual noise level measurement of the helicopter's maximum noise level for 7 days at 3 locations. Calculate the WECPNL value of 3 measuring points. Analyze the correlation between the aircraft noise evaluation unit WECPNL-Lden.
In this study, by analyzing the flow rate and the pressure applied to the fan for the flow of air with room temperature into the fan in desktop computer, it was investigated which model was suitable for flow resistance. When comparing the speed distribution of air flow by model according to fan shape, model A was able to confirm that the fan performance was not good but the external flow was widely distributed. And model B was able to know that the performance was good but the external flow was smaller. Model C was found to have good performance and a wide distribution of outer flow. In cases of three models, it was equally shown that the pressure was highest on the blade side of the inlet where the air enters. Model B receives more pressure than models A and C when the same air flow rate is applied, so models A and C are considered more efficient cooling fans than model B. When considering the flow rates and the pressures acting on the model, model C is thought to have relatively good performance. By utilizing this study result, the flow rate and pressure are investigated without flow experiment by the shape of fan in desktop computer, and the flow capacity can be seen.
Failure mode and effects analysis(FMEA) is popular approach applied to examine potential failures in equipment designs and maintenance of equipments. Risk Priority Number(RPN) is used as an index for the criticality of fault modes in FMEA and RCM(reliability centered maintenance). Traditional RPN approach does not have much credit as a index for the criticality because it does not reflect their experience and the governing logic is apart from their knowledge. Multiple Criteria Decision Method(MCDM) is a proven approach applied to evaluate multiple conflicting criteria in decision making. MCDM can be applied as a tool for RPN evaluation. This study was carried out to investigate application of Analytical Hierarchy Process(AHP) in evaluating RPN.
The numerical analysis of two-dimensional transient flow around the obstacle with rotated square cross sections was carried out. The obtained velocity distributions for each time step and each rotation angle were imaged to provide data for CNN(convolutional neural network). Both classification and regression neural networks were used for prediction of rotation angle. As results The classification method incorrectly predicted the rotation angle in only 2 of the 470 images. The regression method predicted the rotation angle errors within except 2 out of 470 images. From these facts, it could be concluded that both methods can be sufficiently applicable to the flow analysis.
The estimation of heat source model is very important for heat transfer analysis with finite element method. Part I of this study used adaptive simulated annealing which is one of the global optimization algorithm for anticipating the parameters of the Goldak model. Although the analysis with 3D model which depicted the real situation produced the correct answer, that took too much time with moving heat source model based on Fortran and Abaqus. This research suggests the procedure which can reduce time with maintaining quality of analysis. The lead time with 2D model is reduced by 90% comparing that of 3D model, the temperature distribution is similar to each other. That is based on the saturation of heat transfer among the direction of heat source movement. Adaptive simulated annealing with 2D model can be used to estimate more proper heat source model and which could enhance to reduce the resources and time for experiments.
Load carrying capacity(LCC) can be reduced from its design value as a result of film thickness change when a journal is misaligned and some part of bearing is unintentionally translated. In this study, the numerical solution of the incompressible Reynolds equation was obtained by using the finite difference method and mass conservation algorithm (JFO boundary condition) with periodic pressure distribution in circumferential direction to analyze the change of LCC due to journal misalignment and step change of film thickness in axial direction for a journal bearing of vertical pumps. Smallest LCC in each eccentricity ratio is obtained as two angular positions are changed – an angular position where misalignment occurs, and another angular position where the axial step takes place while the degree of misalignment is fixed at 90%. Compared with the reaction force of plain journal bearing, the LCC reduced as much as 26.7% due to geometric effects of journal bearing at the eccentricity ratio of 0.9, while the step height is no higher than 0.1 times of bearing clearance.
While the vehicle has a wide front view, making it easy to recognize obstacles while driving, the rear side has a narrow view and the inconvenience of having to turn its head to check. A side mirror developed to address this discomfort is mounted outside the front door of a passenger car and used to identify rear objects. In this study, heat transfer analysis was performed and analyzed in order to obtain optimal defrost conditions using regression analysis method for removing mirror condensation and frost. As a result of this study, the coefficient of determination, R2, which represents the regression to the total variation through regression analysis, showed a good reliability of 85.3%. Comparing the predicted and interpreted values of the maximum temperature distribution in the regression equation established in this study, it was included in the 95% confidence interval, enabling the prediction of the maximum temperature distribution over the heat conduction time.
전기장에 의해 생성 된 진공 분극은 양자장에서 가상 전자-양전자 쌍의 재배열을 만든다. 그러나 정지 전하가 다른 장소로 이동할 때, 정지 전하에 의해 생성된 전기장은 사라질 것이다. 이때, 정지 전하에 의해 분극화된 가상 전자-양전자 쌍들은 같이 소멸된다. 가상 전자-양전자의 소멸 과정에서 가상 광자가 생성되는데, 이때 만들어지는 가상 광자들은 양자 전기 역학에서 자기력을 매개하는 광자가 된다. 이로 인하여, 전하의 이동은 자기장을 발생시키고, 전기장의 변화가 자기장을 생성하게 하는 원인이 된다.
We conducted a study on the possibility of using the power plant's thermal effluent system by using a heating system to utilize the thermal effluent from Jeju Power Headquarters of KOMIPO. In this study, growth information such as the size, leaf area, fresh weight and dry weight of subtropical persimmon fruit (A) in the facility cultivation complex were measured. In the comparison group (B), the growth information of the same crop was measured and compared in an unheated greenhouse near Harye-ri, Namwon-eup, Seogwipo. Fruit size was measured at monthly intervals, and leaf area, fresh weight, and dry weight were measured at new shoot season. Measurement results of A and B growth information, 1) Fruit diameter & length, A grew 7.3% and 9.4% than B, 2) Leaf area, A grew 4.7% than B, 3) Fresh weight, the decrease was 8.9%, but the dry weight was 3.6%, indicating that A contains more nutrients than B. Therefore, if the heating control by supplying thermal effluent to the facility greenhouse, it can contribute to reducing the energy cost and improving quality.
In this paper, we studied the applicability of data driven model, AAKR(Auto-Associative Kernel Regression) for generator power loss estimation. Correlation analysis performed on 39 turbine system variables for dataset construction and then 13 variables were selected as highly correlated with generator power output. For a memory vector, 95~100% thermal power section data were used and data at normal power condition for 3 month were extracted for query vector. Analysis result shows that 9 variables show good prediction between measured and estimated data, 2 variables show good correlation but with small bias and 2 variables show increasing difference and low correlation with the passage of time, which assumed to be cause of electric output loss.
The feedwater heaters are critical components in a nuclear power plant. As the operation years of heaters go by, the maintenance costs required for continuous operation increase. Integral drains cooler is the separate heat exchanger combined in the heater shell. The integral drains cooler must be isolated from the other zones. The integral drains cooler must be free from leakage and the entrance into the zone be sealed against the entrance of steam from the condensing zone. Cause of tubes leakage since tubes replacement is the same as the cause before tubes replacement. Therefore, feedwater refurbishment method was selected by heater internal structure condition.
As demand for eco-friendly energy increases, demand for natural gas and Liquefied natural gas (LNG) storage technologies continues to increase. LNG is a cryogenic environment with a temperature of -163°C, so ordinary metals cannot be used due to brittleness. Accordingly, IGC Code designates the cryogenic materials such as Invar, STS304L, Al5083-0, and High Manganese Steel. For fabricating those materials, research on welding possibility is the most important. Thus this study focused on the possibility of laser welding of the cryogenic materials. The weldability of High Manganese Steel was researched in this paper, the shape and the dimensions of the beads after bead on plate (BOP) welding were observed. The experiment was conducted on a total of 25 cases with laser power and welding speed of 5 cases each, and the width, height, and penetration of the beads were confirmed. It was confirmed that the paramenter of bead increased linearly with the laser power, and the paramenters of bead increased linearly with decreasing welding speed. Based on this study, high manganese steel can be applied in various industries by applying it to butt welding.
In this study, the flow analyses were carried out on the electric train models with three kinds of mounting materials installed at the front part of train. By examining the results of flow rate and pressure, It was investigated which type of design should be designed to be more efficient in high-speed operation. The three types of models are set as models a, b and c, and each has its own shape. For all models, the wind speed was set at 110 km/h, the most common driving speed for wide-area electric trains. In the case of the model a, it was good at cutting the wind flow as a round shape when viewed from the top. But from the side, it showed a vortex forming in the upper corner. To the contrary, the model b, which has a wedge-shaped side, could be seen from the top as a result of a vortex. Finally, in the case of model c combined with models a and b, the least vortex, front pressure, and resistance forces were shown by selecting the flow advantages of models a and b. By utilizing this study result, the flow velocity and pressure are investigated without flow experiment by shape of the front part of electric train, and the flow capacity can be seen.
The change in pressure measurement according to the low pressure tap blockage rate of the Venturi flowmeter used in domestic nuclear power plants was approached numerically. Blockage rates were modeled dividing by 1/10dT to the downstream side of the low pressure tab to identify differential pressure changes. As a result, differential pressure increased in proportion to the blockage rate, and there was no change in differential pressure measurement at 10 to 40 percent with relatively small blockage rate, but the error rate of 50% to 0.3% or higher was shown.
To apply CNN to a fluid problem, we need a method to effectively convert the physical quantities of fluid into an image. The performance of CNN was evaluated using the image transformation method using the minimum and maximum values of the pressure distribution data and the image transformation methods using the normal distribution of the pressure distribution data. Through the performance evaluation of the learned CNN, the image transformation methods of Method 4 and Method 5, which applied the normal distribution of representative pressure distribution data, were very effective. In particular, Method 5 includes the initial and final pressure distribution data to include overall pressure distribution data, thereby improving the resolution of the color map to improve classification performance.
Recently, drones are widely used for various purposes. Among them, it has long been used for military purposes. A drone is an effective asymmetrical power that can strike opponents at low cost. On the other hand, Jammer to subdue drones are also being developed and put into practical use. In this study, a study was conducted to ensure that the weapon system was equipped with an additional Jammer at low cost, and to respond to threats to small drones and drones, by securing an shock resistance t through the transient response analysis of the shooting impact.
The global trend is the application of heat-treated omission materials to reduce the manufacturing cost of automobile steering parts. Attempts have been made to apply heat-treated omission materials in domestic, but they are delayed due to concerns over rising cold forging process costs. For quantitative prediction of cold forging process cost, fatigue properties of forging die materials were evaluated. Based on this, the die life and cost were predicted quantitatively, and the manufacturing cost reduction of automobile steering parts using heat-treated material was found to be about 11%. Also, various methods to improve die life were additionally presented.
As the part of efforts to respond to the environmental pollution, the demand for clean energy is increasing. Natural gas is one of the most realistic alternatives, and interest in the storage and transportation containers to utilize the natural gas is growing. The production area of natural gas is limited, and in Korea, it is imported in the form of liquefied natural gas. LNG is a cryogenic state with a vaporization point of -163°C, so the ordinary metal cannot be used due to its brittleness. The international maritime organization (IMO) defines the metals that can handle LNG in the IGC Code, and the research is ongoing. This study was a preliminary study to check the weldability of related metals and confirmed the shape of bead on plate (BOP) during the laser welding for each material. In part I, a study was conducted on the high manganese steel, and in part II, a study was conducted on the materials of STS304L and STS316L among the stainless steel. Based on this study, it can be used as an optimal welding condition for the butt and fillet welding.
This study is related to the development of lightweight automotive materials that were carried out to develop eco-friendly vehicles worldwide. High-strength aluminum alloy is used as one of the significant lightweight materials in the field of transportation machinery, and it is used as a lightweight material in various areas, including automobiles. The A356 alloy used in this study is an excellent aluminum alloy material that has widely used as a high strength aluminum alloy material in various forming methods. In this study, to examine the characteristics of the two alloys in which Mn and Sr elements were added to the A356 alloy and the A356 alloy, both alloys were manufactured by metal mold casting, which is a gravity casting method. The obtained specimens were heat-treated under the same conditions. In this study have investigated of the microstructure analysis, thermal analysis, crystal phase analysis, and mechanical property evaluation were performed to confirm how the added Mn and Sr elements influenced the microstructure, precipitate formation, and mechanical properties.
Natural gas is the most realistic fuel among eco-friendly fuels. Natural gas production is limited, and in Korea, it is supplied and utilized in the form of liquefied natural gas (LNG). In the case of LNG, the vaporization point is 163 degrees below zero, so ordinary metal cannot be used due to its brittleness. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) defines metals that can be used in the IGC Code, and is used for storage containers, transportation containers, etc. based on the metals. Welding is essential in the manufacture of large structures such as LNG storage tanks. In this study, weldability studies related to cryogenic materials were conducted. In Part I of this study, high-manganese steel and part II were studied for two types of stainless steel (STS304L, STS316L), and in Part III, aluminum (AL5083). During laser welding, the shape of the Bead on Plate (BOP) was analyzed, and a total of nine cases were analyzed using laser power and welding speed as variables. It was confirmed that the penetration and the width of the welding width were linearly proportional to the amount of heat input. Based on this study, it is possible to conduct a follow-up study to find the optimal welding conditions for butt welding and fillet welding.