In this study, the flow rate at the drone and the pressure around the drone were investigated by carrying out the flow analysis due to the wing shape of drone. At models 1, 2 and 3, the positions of areas with the maximum flow rate around the drone according to the shape of the wing were seen to be same at the rear wing of drone. Model 2 has the fastest flow rate, followed by model 1 and model 3. At the distribution of flow pressure by model around the drone according to the wing shape of drone, models 1, 2 and 3 had the same highest pressures at the center of drone. In comparison with the maximum pressures of models near the wing shape of the drone, the flow pressure at model 2 was higher compared with models 1 and 3. At the wing shape of the drone, model 2 is considered to carry the flow performance better than models 1 and 3. So, the result of this study is thought to be useful for designing the wing shape of the drone. Without the test of flow performance due to the shape of drone wing, the flow performance can be seen as the flow rate and pressure are investigated through the flow analysis.
In this study, the models with types A, B and C of the commercial electric kickboard suspensions were modeled and the structural analyses were carried out. Types A and C have the deformations less than type B. The coil spring can reduce the deformation by installing the suspension. In types A and C, the forces applied to the bolt became same, but more deformation occurred in type C. This is the difference due to whether or not there is a fixed part. Type A was fixed and type C not. This fixation indicates that the bolt has been fully tightened to the end. Therefore, the use of products thatarefully contacted to the end by tightening with bolts can reduce the deformation greatly. Based on the data obtained from this study, it is assumed that the more efficient and stable product will be designed if the suspension absorber of the suspension is designed. Without the test on the durability of electric kickboard suspension, the durability can be seen as the deformation and stress are investigated through the structural analysis.
In this study, the flow analyses were carried out on three kinds of front wing models. The down forces of front wings which influence the stability, cornering at driving were investigated with three models. At model 1, the maximum pressure shown on the main plate of front wing is 3177.539Pa. The maximum pressures at models 2 and 3 are shown to be 3429.677Pa and 3506.494Pa, respectively. The higher the pressure, the more resistance. So, the lower the pressure, the less resistance the model gets. At model 1, the maximum velocity of stream that flows under the front wing was shown to be the smallest among three models. In case of all three models, the pressure at which the air passes through the front wing is high in the upper part of the front wing. Among three models, model 1 is thought to be the most appropriate model to give the effect of the down force while reducing the flow resistance at driving. By utilizing this study result, the flow velocity and pressure are investigated without the flow experiment at driving due to the configuration of automotive front wing, and the flow resistance can be seen.
초록 close In this study, the structural analyses were carried out with the old and new wheel models installed at the automotive tires. The stress and deformation at the middle circumference of wheel were seen to be greatest at two models. Also, the stress and deformation were smallest at the edge of wheel. The maximum deformation of the old model B is about five times larger than that of the new model A. The maximum equivalent stress of the old model B can be seen to be twice as large as the new model A. Also, it can be seen that the new model A is more stable than the old model B in terms of strength. It can be seen that the deformation energy of the old model B is 19 times larger than that of the new model A. And it is thought that the new model A is much more durable than the old model B in terms of impact. By utilizing this study result, the stress and deformation are investigated without the strength test of wheel installed at the automotive tire, and the durability can be seen.
In this study, the failure characteristic of the center floor of a front-wheel drive vehicle was investigated according to material. UHSS, Al6061-T6, CFRP, and CFRP-Al were used as materials. As the analysis condition, a fixed support was applied to the rear surface of the center floor and a forced displacement of 2 mm/sec was applied to the front surface. As the result, when comparing with the equivalent stress and strain energy according to the material, it was found that UHSS, Al6061-T6, CFRP, and CFRP-Al were higher in the order. Also, when comparing with the equivalent strain due to the material, it was shown that the equivalent strain was high in the order of Al6061-T6, UHSS, CFRP and CFRP-Al. As for the damage characteristic of the center floor according to the material, it was found that the highest structural stability was obtained when UHSS was used. However, it was found that it was good to utilize Al6061-T6 in order to acquire the structural stability along with the structure with the lighter weight.
In this study, the structural analyses were conducted for each model by applying the loads into the design of a large commercial truck seat. Model C with three vertical frames has the smallest total deformation among all models, indicating the strongest stiffness. The maximum total deformation of model C was shown to be 0.68 times smaller than that of model A and 0.79 times smaller than that of model B. The equivalent stress of model C was also shown to be the lowest, indicating the greatest stiffness. The maximum equivalent stress of model C was shown to be 0.8 times smaller than that of model A and 0.91 times smaller than that of model B. At the upper part of the seat or the part where the force was applied, all three models were shown to have the largest total deformations and equivalent stresses. If the result of this study is applied to the design of automotive seat frame, it is thought that the durable and rigid sheets can be manufactured efficiently. By utilizing this study result, the equivalent stress and total deformation are investigated without the real experiment by shape at the seat of large commercial truck, and the durability and rigidity can be seen.
In this study, the flow analyses were carried out on the electric train models with three kinds of mounting materials installed at the front part of train. By examining the results of flow rate and pressure, It was investigated which type of design should be designed to be more efficient in high-speed operation. The three types of models are set as models a, b and c, and each has its own shape. For all models, the wind speed was set at 110 km/h, the most common driving speed for wide-area electric trains. In the case of the model a, it was good at cutting the wind flow as a round shape when viewed from the top. But from the side, it showed a vortex forming in the upper corner. To the contrary, the model b, which has a wedge-shaped side, could be seen from the top as a result of a vortex. Finally, in the case of model c combined with models a and b, the least vortex, front pressure, and resistance forces were shown by selecting the flow advantages of models a and b. By utilizing this study result, the flow velocity and pressure are investigated without flow experiment by shape of the front part of electric train, and the flow capacity can be seen.
In this study, by analyzing the flow rate and the pressure applied to the fan for the flow of air with room temperature into the fan in desktop computer, it was investigated which model was suitable for flow resistance. When comparing the speed distribution of air flow by model according to fan shape, model A was able to confirm that the fan performance was not good but the external flow was widely distributed. And model B was able to know that the performance was good but the external flow was smaller. Model C was found to have good performance and a wide distribution of outer flow. In cases of three models, it was equally shown that the pressure was highest on the blade side of the inlet where the air enters. Model B receives more pressure than models A and C when the same air flow rate is applied, so models A and C are considered more efficient cooling fans than model B. When considering the flow rates and the pressures acting on the model, model C is thought to have relatively good performance. By utilizing this study result, the flow rate and pressure are investigated without flow experiment by the shape of fan in desktop computer, and the flow capacity can be seen.
In this study, the deformation, equivalent stress and strain energy were analyzed on the electric kick board emerging as a new means of transportation at the accident of a front collision according to each shape were analyzed. The largest part deformation happened at the handle, and the board part where the person’s feet was placed was seen to become weak. The equivalent stress was most visible at the board section, unlike the deformation results. In particular, the deformation and stress of model A which has a long and thin neck, have occurred greatly. Therefore, the longer the neck, the greater the deformation and stress occur. Among all models, the deformation and stress were the smallest at model C. As model A has a particularly thinner neck and board connection part, a large strain energy appeared. Therefore, it is considered that the connection needs to be reinforced thickly and firmly. On the study result, the thicker the board part of the electric kick board and the lower the body of the vehicle, the safer it is. The results of this study can be effectively applied to investigate the values of stresses and deformations, and strain energies through structural analysis without the fracture test at the front collision according to the shape of electric kick board.
In this study, the structural and fatigue analyses were carried out according to the shape of the self-made car frame. As a result of structural analysis, all models are shown to have the weak strength and large deformation, as the equivalent stress increases at the forward part of the impact force. It can be seen that model 3 is deformed less than other models 1 or 2. And model 3 with the truss structure prevents the great deformation from the collision. In case of irregular fatigue loads, the fatigue life of the ‘Sample history’ increased by about 59.3 times compared to the ‘SAE bracket history’ under extreme fatigue load conditions, indicating that the fatigue load condition of the ‘Sample history’ were stable. The fatigue life and deformation of model 3 among all models are significantly different to models 1 and 2. If the research results are applied to the design of self-made cars, it will be useful for improving the durability and preventing the damage. The results of this study can be effectively utilized to investigate the values of stresses and deformations, and fatigue lives without the experiments of fracture and fatigue according to the shape of the car frame.
This study aims at investigating the fracture characteristic according to the shape of the double cantilever beam specimen for mode II with ultra-high strength steel and Mg alloy steel. As the analysis, all three models had the left-hand holes that were constrained by the cylindrical support and the right-hand holes were enforced by the constraint condition of 6mm/min. This study result showed that the shorter the load block of the double envelope test specimen, the higher the safety. The results of this study are thought to be useful for examining the fracture characteristics of specimen for mode II with ultra high strength steel and Mg alloy steel.
The research model of panel data analysis in this study was used as the dependent variables and the business characteristics of the welding industry were reflected in the research model for systematic analysis of the effect of welding technology on the welding industry. As a result of the existing research, the domestic welding technology is seriously encroaching on the domestic welding industry between the United States, Japan and China. There is no quantitative statistical analysis on this aspect. In this study, the panel data analysis is used to indicate differences in explanatory power by numerical values of POLS model, fixed effect and random effect. And the prior studies on the current status of welding industry related to arc welding, special welding, multiple welding, welding and bonding technology are applied by the panel data analysis. Therefore, the problems of existing research are diagnosed while presenting the future research directions.
This paper aims at investigating the adhesive property at damage analysis according to the shape of the DCB test specimen made of Titanium, Dualumin as the high strength nonferrous metals. In this analysis, all three specimens had the lower holes bound by the cylinder support and the top holes were elongated with the rate of 6mm/min. The study results show that the longer the load block of DCB specimens, the more reliable and durable they are. It is utilized as the basic data at investigating the damage properties of adhesives in DCB specimens made of high strength nonferrous metals.
In this study, the shape optimization of the injector according to fuel and tip was conducted through analytical techniques. As an analysis condition, a flow rate of 0.08 kg / s was applied to the inlet and the outlet was given a condition of 0 Bar. The working fluid for each fuel was applied. As a result of the analysis, it can be seen that the pressure and velocity of model with the modified tip become higher than that of the base model in diesel. Compared with the base model in the case of gasoline, the modified model of the tip was found to have more stable injection when the pressure inside the combustion chamber and the straightness of the fuel were observed. Finally, in case of LPG injector, the same modified tip as gasoline was found to be the more stable injection. On the basis of this study result, the shape parameters of the injector can be inferred.