OTEC(Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) system using the temperature difference between cooler deep and surface ocean waters is one of the renewable energy. But in Korea, OTEC system can not apply except in winter because surface sea water temperature is not enough. C-OTEC(Combined OTEC) system is that utilizes temperature difference between sea water and the condenser of power plants via working fluid. It can be a good alternative in the warm surface sea water for Mid-latitudes region like Korea. In this study, a marine survey using multi-beam echo sounder, single-beam echo sounder and sparker seismic wave is performed and sea water intake pipe line is proposed for the 10kW C-OTEC Pilot Plant.
The hydrofoil-tip mixer can be used to create the desired material by mixing the two materials in various industries, especially in the waste water and sewage water treatment. The purpose of this study is to clarify flow characteristics induced by 3 types impellers in a mixing tank by CFD. In this study, flat plate, hydrofoil and hydrofoil-tip type impellers are used and the rotating speeds of impellers are 25, 35, 45 rpm. The results in present study show that hydrofoil-tip type is the most proper impeller for mixing in the waster water treatment tank and reducing required power of rotating impeller. This results can be used for the design of the mixing tank in the waste water treatment system.
Recently, most of moving parts at automobile engine are required to be lighter and compacter and have high performances such as strength and endurance, etc. In particular, the crankshaft is subject to complex loadings such as shear, bending, and torsional loads as well as inertia and torsional vibration. To investigate critical area and optimize the shape of crankshaft at intial design stage, it is necessary to consider the dynamic effect of crankshaft. This paper carried out structural analysis of engine crankshaft by using multi-body dynamics and multi-axial fatigue analysis
Tapered double cantilever beam (TDCB) specimens are the most commonly used test configurations to measure the fracture toughness of composites and adhesive joints. The material used in this study is aluminum alloy. For the impact analysis, load and displacement applied from pin onto end block as well as the crack energy release rate are calculated and compared with the finite element analysis results. The energy release rate increases with the velocity increases. As TDCB model with the same condition as experiment is simulated and analyzed, the fracture behavior can be estimated with the analysis result similar to experiment. The simulation results can be agreed with experimental graph and all experimental data at this study can be verified. These experimental results can be applied into real field effectively. It is found that the energy release rates measured from impact tests on the specimens can be predicted by the finite element model suggested in this study.
In this study, the crack initiation and propagation behavior of interfacial crack in bimaterial are discussed. Normal crack opening displacements(NCOD) and stresses are analyzed by finite element method using ANSYS and used for extracting fracture parameters. The energy release rates can not explained the initiation and crack propagation velocity of interfacial crack. Initial velocity of crack propagation is dependent upon the normal and shear stress behind of crack tip. The crack propagation velocity of interfacial crack is very dependent upon the normal and shear stress behind of crack tip. In case of negative shear displacements increase in interfacial crack, initiation delay of crack propagation is dependent upon the negative shear stress ahead of crack tip due to the suppressing of crack opening. In case of positive shear displacements increase in interfacial crack, initiation delay of crack propagation is dependent upon the stress behind of crack tip due to the stress decrease. The fracture toughness increase is due to the initiation delay of crack propagation.
본 연구에서는 서모소닉 시험을 위한 실용적이고 편리한 PZT 가진 시스템을 구축하고 그 특성을 평가하고자 하였다. PZT 가진기의 성능 평가 및 가진기와 시험체와의 다양한 연결방법의 효과에 대하여 평가하기 위한 실험 을 수행하였다. 실험은 서로 다른 두께를 가진 금속 플레이트를 이용하여 수행되었다. 본 논문에는 실험 장치 및 다양한 연결방법의 성능 시험 결과가 소개되었다. 실험 결과 가진기의 공진 주파수 근처에서 작은 입력 전압과 작은 힘을 이용하여 큰 변형률을 가진 다수의 모드를 가진 할 수 있었고 이 결과는 가진 중에 비선형 진동의 발 생 없이 서모소닉 시험을 위해 충분한 변형률을 얻을 수 있는 가능성을 보여준다. 결과적으로 결함 검출을 위해 작은 크기의 변형률이 필요한 시험체의 경우 작은 PZT 가진기가 간편하고 신뢰성 있는 가진 시스템을 제공 할 수 있다는 가능성을 보여주었다.
This paper presents a method for the assesment of vibration fatigues in engine exhaust system. Analysis technologies by virtual model can reduce the number of physical tests and development cycles. The prediction processes are based on the construction of FE model for the exhaust system, normal mode analysis, and frequency response analysis. The analysis results(1st mode: 152Hz) of eigen frequencies are compared with the modal test results(1st mode: 151Hz). And frequency response analysis for accelerations and stresses at critical locations were also presented. The analysis method could be applied to assess the vibration fatigue for the engine exhaust manifold. As a result, maximum stress occurred at the end of diffuser and its frequency shows around 1st natural frequency of exhaust system. It shows a good agreement between numerical and experimental results.
In this study, the property of crack growth in structural steel is investigated according to length and angle of crack at the analysis result of model. Strain energy, deformation and stress obtained by finite element analysis are compared with various configuration of crack. Stress intensity factors as fracture toughness are calculated by the basis of strain energy, deformation and stress. As there are almost no errors by comparing stress intensity factors with those from the standard formula, these calculated factors can be confirmed in order to be applied at real structure. In case cracks or holes at structure are existed, the fatigue damage possibility can be examined by use of this study result.
Technical developments of electric vehicles have been progressed very actively. Especially there are great technical achievements of battery for the electric vehicles to store energy from the outside source. Also there are numerous efforts for improvement charging infrastructure and charging system of the battery. And that is supporting this technology. For example On-Board Charger (OBC) is a battery charging system attached to the vehicle to operate the car. On-Board Charger is designed in manner of consideration such subjects: control via communication with other vehicle’s controller, improve the reliability as the security part, decrease of the life span of the battery due to temperature change during charging and discharging process, high cost of using parts for the high current rating and limitation of increasing the battery capacity. In this paper, there will be a deep discussion of designing and implementing the On-Board Charger to attach to the vehicles, which has superior cooling quality by effective radiant heat design and vibration and shock resistant design
This analytical work was performed to reveal the effect of inlet geometry of battery pack on the temperature distributions and flow stream line for a electric vehicle. To achieve this, standard k-ε model with wall function was applied and the working conditions of battery pack under different air flow rate and inlet area according to the geometry were estimated. It was revealed that as inlet area was smaller, the flow velocity was faster, and it can't cover the whole area of battery module. In case of two inlet case, the cooling efficiency of air flow is less than that of one inlet case because of low flow rate.
As the automobile industry has recently developed, the automobile parts processing industry is also increasing. However, as the processing companies don't have their own studies or facilities now, their productivity is low. And they are in difficult situations because they cannot stay economically competitive. This study measured the cutting force, surface roughness, and tool wear of Ductile Cast Iron(FCD500) used in automobile brake modules in automobile parts to try to help harsh realities of automobile parts processing industry. And it drew the result by taking a test to increase productivity of processing companies as interrupted cutting is more used in industrial settings than continuous processing.
Laser welding is high power density welding process which is higher speed and productivity, lower thermal deformation. Recently, zinc coated sheet metal is used for many industrial due to the high corrosion resistance. This study explained that it used DOE(Design of experiment) and mathematical statistics method to optimize the conditions of high power laser welding process for zinc coated sheet metal. Finally, optimal condition for laser welding is selected for zinc coated sheet metal by alteration of welding joint width and gap.
This paper presents new type magnetostrictive optical systems. The suggested wireless optical systems are developed by using two types of magnetostrictive thin film actuators. The first is a seesaw type wireless-controlled compact optical switch, and another is a comb type TbDyFeNi thin film actuator by silicon micromachining techniques with DC magnetron sputtering. In the seesaw type, TbDyFe films are selectively deposited on the micromachined switch matrix. For the optical switching operation, switch is arranged in a 1×2 array (mirror size of 5mm × 800μm × 50μm) and has different length from the supporting point. Mirrors are also actuated by externally applied magnetic fields up to 0.5T. In the comb type, the effect of Ni content on the magneto-mechanical properties of the Tb0.24Dy0.76Fe2 system is investigated with the effect of deposited film thickness of TbDyFeNi on silicon substrate for wireless microactuator. As results, magneto-mechanical characteristics are investigated. using magnetization and deflected angle variation
In a mobile-rack which is applied to shelving or storage units fitted with wheeled traction, 2 step gear ratio and document management system by using RFID based on power line communication are proposed. Each part of the mobile-rack is modeled and then analyzed by finite-element method. Considering the maximum stress and the weight, wheel housing is redesigned. 15.56㎒ RFID module and management program are developed and tested.
The automotive industry in the research and development cost ratio accounted for high technology coefficient of specialization research and development budget. development and adoption of innovative technologies such as new materials technology, electronics technology, information and communications technology and new production systems is a source of competitive products. because permanent magnets without applying an external magnetic field in the BLDC motor drive system parts for EV can be supplied. it has been used in several areas. permanent magnet in the different kinds of motor parts materials is one of the key components. permanent magnet is a relatively fast rate of technological advances, changes in price is considered the fastest. in this paper, the BLDC motor parts produce by the core making method of casting method moulding analysis. moulding density was measured. As a result, the moulding density is measured 7.2~7.5g/cm2 results were excellent.
Air Brake chamber is a core fucntional part delivering the brake force to drum brakes in hybrid commercial trucks. This part needs to have leakage prevention and durability for reliable operation. As an actuator by air pressure, there has to be no air leakeage, and because it is operated with high tention power spring, there has high durable spring head, that contacted power spring directly. In this study, a spring head was designed new size on weak points structually and simulated by structual simulation program. And, a flange and body tighten by clamp ring was simlated structual deformation by assembly torque and inner pressure. As a result, new desgned spring head has structual stablilty over 1.7～14.7% and deformation is in proprotion to inner pressure but the assembly torque of clamp ring is not related to deformation.
When a bellows is subjected to various deformation conditions such as angular rotation, axial displacement or lateral deflection, the stress is produced at each convolution. These deformations play a significant role in the analysis of strength. Because of geometric complex, it is difficult to analyze the mechanical behavior of bellows. The symmetrical deformation problems of the bellows have been discussed in the study. These problems were investigated by the finite element method. The bellows was meshed with 8 node shell elements and elastic analysis was performed. The mesh consists of 112,800 elements and the lateral deflection from 0 to 21mm, the axial displacement from 0 to 6mm and the angle of rotation from 0 to 0.21 degree was applied at the end cap for the boundary condition. The effects of boundary conditions such as the angle of rotation and the lateral deflection on the stress concentration for the bellows was studied. In addition, the relationship between minimum von-Mises stress and angle of rotation and deflection of bellows was obtained
최근에 개발된 시스템 온칩 프로세서는 통합 성능을 요구하는 작업의 가능성을 제공하였으며, 이러한 작업은 예전에는 우수한 성능을 가진 컴퓨터의 도움만으로 수행 할 수 있는 것이었다. 본 논 문에서는 실제 환경 하에서 자율 이동 장치의 GPS 위치측정을 개선하기 위해 임베디드 영상처리기 법을 활용하는 고급 제어 시스템을 소개한다. 메인 컨트롤 시스템은 Raspberry PI 개발 보드에 통합 된 ARM(SoC.) 아키텍처를 기반으로 한다. 제시한 제어 시스템은 실시간 비디오 캡처, 전력-효율적 이미지 처리 작업, 예를 들어 (임계 값 처리, 이진화, 모션 감지 등) 및 비디오와 같은 스트리밍 결과 이미지를 처리 할 수 있다. GPS 정밀도는 WAAS(EGNOS) 위성을 활용하여 다만 3 미터의 정밀도를 제공 할 수 있다. 제안한 솔루션은 도로와 보도의 경계를 감지하기 위해 GPS 솔루션 및 임베디드 이 미지 처리를 사용한다. 일부 도로나 통로가 길가의 흰색 선을 제공하지 않기 때문에 제시한 알고리 즘은 길가의 흰색 선을 검출하지 않고 보편적인 도로나 보도를 감지한다. 제안한 시스템은 소형 이 동장치에 사용할 수 있다. 예를 들어, 생산 공간 사이의 긴 거리를 가진 중공업 산업 단지에서 부품 수송을 위한 이동장치 등에 사용할 수 있다.
Electro-accel pedal is needed to raise fuel efficiency by controlled pedal angle signal regardless driver’s willings to fast start or stop pedaling, and to reduce muscle fatigue by designed Ergonomic structure. For this purpose, in this study, we designed new mechanism of accel pedal in a double linkage with two springs to minimize the force of pedaling on main pedal period for HECV in close the future. We have achieved the simulation to dynamic characteristics and experimented to measure the pedal force with proto sample, and confirmed the potentialities this new mechanism.