Due to the development of the industry, the machinery of plant facilities becomes large and operates at high speed and high power. Workers at plant facility sites are exposed to high noise and impact noise, and the number of people with noise-induced hearing loss is increasing every year. Therefore, in order to minimize such damage, many efforts have been made to reduce the noise of large machines in production facilities. Measures, education, and recommendation of wearing hearing protectors are needed to protect the hearing of workers in high noise industries. In addition, it is urgent to reduce noise sources by blocking noise propagation paths, such as installing noise boxes and silencers, and installing facilities and equipment that generate less noise. It is necessary to repair the noise reduction device of the large machine of the plant or to study the noise reduction device when designing the plant.
In the present study, to investigate the cooling characteristics of the multi-heat pump with 3 indoor units, 7 indoor unit combinations and 3 setting temperatures are selected to study the cooling characteristics during steady-state operation. The cooling capacity, power consumption, COP, compressor high and low pressure of the heat pump are tested under the cooling standard temperature conditions using an air enthalpy multi-calorimeter. The experimental results show that, except for an operation with an indoor unit capacity of 30% or less, the cooling capacity, power consumption, and compressor operation frequency increase as the capacity of the indoor unit increases and the setting temperature of the indoor unit decreases. COP increases or decreases according to the compressor frequency, and is the best at 50-80% capacity of the indoor unit. As the compressor frequency increases, the compressor outlet pressure increases by about 30%.
The flange spreader has been used to withdraw gaskets and valves during butterfly valve maintenance. When using the conventional flange spreader, an excessive working space (pipe separation distance) appears, and the pipe and flange are damaged by the load. Also, the equipment can’t be operated safely when the pipe has eccentric fitting. To solve the problems, a valve easy out tool with collet was developed for safely fixing and spreading flange. By using Ansys Workbench 2021 R2, the structural analysis of the original collet was performed, and shape design of the collet was carried out to improve structural safety.
Hydrogen infrastructure, for instance, such as hydrogen stations, supply chain network, is important in society of hydrogen economy. Special alloy are frequently used to prevent the hydrogen embrittlement in hydrogen vehicles, semiconductor factories and so on. Because special alloy including Monel material has high strength and high hardness, it is known as the hard-to-cut or roll material. This paper aims to investigate the characteristics and safety on bearing and shaft, which consist of key parts of rolling unit, through structural analysis. As the results, it showed that the bearing was weaker than shaft. Further the bearing was safe up to 20.4 ton, which was about 2 times of maximum of roller reaction force in case of considering as static load. However, the bearing was safe up to 10.2 ton in case of considering as repeated load.
Climatologists have warned rapid climate change of the earth and it will cause a big disaster worldwide. the rapid climate change is mostly due to emission of greenhouse gases. To reduce greenhouse gases, many countries have prepared protocols, agreements, and treaties. IMO(International Maritime Organization) have established the protocol to decrease ship’s greenhouse gases emission and they consider the nuclear power source is an option to replace fossils fuels. Our study focused on elemental technologies related to a nuclear powered ship and, the passive residual heat removal system(PRHRS) is one of topics in our study. As the mandatory of the post Fukushima accident, PRHRS for a nuclear powered ship has been studied. We invented the new concepts of PRHRS which is optimized to a nuclear powered ship. The numerical analysis results indicated that the system is very reasonable. Based on the numerical analysis, an experiential loop was set and we preliminary tested the performance of the system under the reduced scale. The experimental results came with the numerical analysis results well.
In this study, two ventilation holes were considered to prevent condensation in the circular column supporting the provision crane on a training ship(Saenuri) for Mokpo National Maritime University. The ventilation holes could be understood as the most simple and inexpensive way to prevent condensation because it was formed only by drilling. If sufficient ventilation is provided, the insulation and corrosion of an electric motor can be improved, and a comfortable state can be ensured in the circular column. The circular column had an electric motor for driving the provision crane so that the basic principle was to utilize the kinetic energy for the flow field from a cooling fan in the circular column. The ventilation holes attenuated the low-velocity area in the circular column and contributed to internal flow circulation with updrafts. The results were discussed through numerical analysis based on computational fluid dynamics.
The lane departure warning device can not detect the lane to be driven in the future by sensing the departure of the lane passing by during driving and warning the driver. Considering the safe operation of the truck, it is also expected that the departure of the future lanes according to the dynamic weight and speed of the current truck should be predicted. This study attempted to predict whether or not to deviate from the lanes of curved roads to be driven in the future according to the current dynamic driving weight and speed in consideration of the safe driving of trucks.
This study compares and analyzes the drogue shape applied to aerial refueling with the U.S. Navy drog shape through basic analysis of the model based on the flying fish shape, a marine creature. Flying fish is a creature that is advantageous for non-powered downhill, and this shape is applied to the probe feeding method to minimize the burden on the pilot and the need for refueling technology, which are disadvantages of the probe method. To this end, the results through analysis of basic studies were confirmed, and the superiority and insufficiency of the flying fish shape model and the US Navy drogue model were compared. Therefore, as confirmed through analysis, the flying fish model had a 14.1% lower maximum air pressure and a 9.1% faster maximum speed. Based on this, it is hoped that the advantages and disadvantages of flying fish shape models will be confirmed through actual flight tests in the future.
Test of the operating characteristics and energy saving performance of a container cooling system that reduces the operating energy of a refrigeration system using a loop thermosyphon heat exchanger that removes heat by temperature difference between outdoor and indoor was performed. As a result of the experiments, when the loop thermosyphon and the refrigeration system were operated simultaneously, the refrigeration system operated intermittently by reducing the heat load. As the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor increased, the operating time of the refrigeration system decreased and the energy efficiency rate increased. Energy efficiency rate showed a tendency to increase with increasing temperature difference, and the predicted correlation of energy efficiency rate using the performance of the loop thermosyphon heat exchanger and the refrigeration system was relatively consistent with the experimental value.
In this study, the noise reduction effect of the steam vent silencer was investigated by performing a transient flow analysis applying the Loss Model, a porous flow analysis model, and calculating the noise intensity from the pressure fluctuation according to the time change. As a result of flow analysis, it was confirmed that the noise intensity decreased as the number of diffusers and the number of splitters made of foamed aluminum increased. In the case of three-stage diffusers, the noise intensity decreased by up to 33.4 dB when six foamed aluminum with a thickness of 150mm were installed.
This research is to study the solution to the defects in maintenance and inspection that can be predicted/prevented in advance among human factors that account for more than 70% of the causes of aviation accidents. Traditionally, mechanics have performed visual inspections of aircraft exteriors. Due to this, there were factors that affect the human ability of mechanics in aircraft maintenance and inspection, safety problems when performing the upper part of the aircraft inspection, and the difficulty of precise inspection. To improve these problems, we conduct a study on an AI drone inspection system that has deep-learned samples on aircraft damage/defects. In this paper, we describe the aircraft maintenance inspection checklist, non-destructive inspection types, types of aircraft damage and defects, deep-learning highly reliable AI drone inspection systems, and the expected effects of this technology and future applications. Through this system research, it is expected that mechanics will efficiently inspect the aircraft through the optimization of aircraft maintenance system technology to prevent aviation accidents in advance and reduce time and economic costs.
Motor-operated valve functions to block or connect the flow of fluid in nuclear power plant and especially safety-related valves are evaluated with operability margin calculations, that should have positive value in both open and close stroke. Although all actuators have inertia force which increase operating margin of valve closing stroke, inertia force, after control switch operation in actuator is not considered in evaluating operability margin calculation process. In this paper, the hidden margin by inertia force of each actuator model in closing stroke was studied quantitatively.
In order to cope with climate change, the UN Climate Summit announced a policy to reduce carbon emissions to 0% by 2050. As a result, hydrogen energy is attracting attention as a new energy. Hydrogen energy is one of the future clean energy sources and is the most abundant and ideal fuel on Earth that does not emit pollutants. On the other hand, there is a risk of wide explosion range, easy ignition, and fast flame speed. As a result, There is limited use of hydrogen gases, and research is being conducted to safely use hydrogen gases. However, the localization rate of hydrogen-related equipment parts is low and dependence on foreign countries is high. In order to reduce dependence on foreign countries, this study designed and analysis a model of ultra-high pressure relief valve, which is a safety device for hydrogen charging stations. In order to evaluate the structural stability, a spring, a valve disk, a valve guide, and a valve spindle, which are components of an ultra high pressure relief valve, were applied with pressure resistance test and water pressure test criteria according to KS B ISO 19880-3, and analyzed using an Ansys workbench 2021 R1. Through the analysis results, the structural stability of the relief valve under the water pressure test and the pressure resistance test conditions confirmed.
The Alkali-Metal Thermal to Electric Converter (AMTEC) can be used as a next-generation power generation technology related with a large thermal energy storage. In particular, this technology is expected for the higher efficiency by a cascade power generation with the thermoelectric generator(TEG), and the temperature distribution becomes a very important design parameter in this case. In this study, the temperature distribution of the AMTEC unit was analyzed through CFD analysis, and design points were discussed based on the results.
Ball stud parts are manufactured by a cold forging process, and fastening with other parts is secured through a head part cutting process. In order to improve process quality, stabilization of the forging quality of the head is given priority. To this end, in this study, a predictive model was developed for the purpose of improving forging quality. The prediction accuracy of the model based on 450 data sets acquired from the manufacturing site was low. As a result of gradually multiplying the data set based on FE simulation, it was expected that it would be possible to develop a predictive model with an accuracy of about 95%. It is essential to build automated labeling of forging load and dimensional data at manufacturing sites, and to apply a refinement algorithm for filtering data sets. Finally, in order to optimize the ball stud manufacturing process, it is necessary to develop a quality prediction model linked to the forging and cutting processes.
In the present study, the experimental study was conducted using a multi-calorie meter, to investigate the cooling performance and cycle operation changes of the multi-heat pump (3 indoor units) for the low outside temperature in summer. The test temperature condition was the low cooling temperature, and the normal performance and dynamic behavior of 3 rooms, 2 rooms, and 1 room were measured to understand the operating characteristics of seven 7 indoor unit combinations. As a result of the experiment, the cooling capacity and COP of the multi-heat pump at low cooling temperature were about 10% and 6% higher than those of the cooling standard temperature. In addition, the dynamic behavior of the indoor units of 3 and 2 rooms was observed differently due to the load difference according to the indoor unit combinations and the non-uniformity of the refrigerant amount. And, when starting the heat pump, the compressor had a maximum peak value and stabilized by repeating the decrease and increase for each indoor unit combination.
For a plastic diffusion lens to uniformly diffuse light, it is important to minimize deformation that may occur during injection molding and to minimize deformation. It is essential to control the injection molding condition precisely. In addition, as the number of meshes increases, there is a limitation in that the time required for analysis increases. Therefore, We applied machine learning algorithms for faster and more precise control of molding conditions. This study attempts to predict the deformation of a plastic diffusion lens using the Decision Tree regression algorithm. As the variables of injection molding, melt temperature, packing pressure, packing time, and ram speed were set as variables, and the dependent variable was set as the deformation value. A total of 256 injection molding analyses were conducted. We evaluated the prediction model's performance after learning the Decision Tree regression model based on the result data of 256 injection molding analyses. In addition, We confirmed the prediction model's reliability by comparing the injection molding analysis results.
In this paper, numerical simulations were conducted to secure both flow distribution and uniform flow discharge through a wall mount type air sterilizer. In order to increase the reliability of the simulation results where there is no well-known validation case for air sterilizer, mesh sensitivity study was performed under the constraint that y+ set to one for k-w SST turbulent modeling for both the air sterilizer and the fan. The installation of various guides and structures was reviewed in the point of flow distribution and pressure drop inside the sterilizer, and the exhaust pressure conditions were predicted to secure uniform flow discharge at outlets. This study has been done based on the computational analysis during the development stage of the air sterilizer, and the results will be verified through physical testing after production of prototype.
CFD was used to study the change in the operation of the governor to check the effect of response delay due to residual air in the governor cylinder, which adjusts the pump RPM of the Turbine Driven Aux. Feed Water Pump(TD AFWP) in the Nuclear power plant. As a result of analysis, as the amount of internal air increased, the time delay also increased proportionally, and a time delay of up to 0.2 sec. occurred. As in the theory, it was confirmed that the cylinder operation delay occurred depending on the presence or absence of a compressive fluid such as air, but the time delay wat not enough to significantly affect the pump operation.
The main noise of a large machine can be divided into the noise generated during the work process and the noise of the equipment used in the work. The main noise in the noisy area is the air propagation sound caused by the operation of the rotating body. This is not fixed, but changes depending on the situation at the time of measurement. Workplaces exposed to noise can harm workers' health and cause related industrial disasters, resulting in many complaints and social problems, and eventually lead to a lot of damage in terms of productivity. Large machines that need noise reduction the most are motors, pumps, fans, blowers, and compressors. To reduce noise, mechanical structure or material changes are most effective. In this study, the noise reduction method and noise management method of large machines were investigated. To measure noise, the same method as ISO 3744 in Europe and JISA 8305 in Japan was used as KS A ISO 3744, KS A ISO 3746, which is a method of measuring the acoustic power level of machinery.