Hexagonal bolt, nut, fittings, and high-pressure valves with special alloy play an important role in many industrial products, for instance, such as semiconductor facilities, hydrogen stations and fuel cell electric vehicles. The purpose of this study is to investigate the structural stability of turning wheel using the reaction force of roller in variable hexagonal rolling die. As the results, the bearing groove had the possibility of damage in turning wheel, especially, in case of Bottom condition. Furthermore, the turning wheel showed structural instability by using safety factor but structural stability using strength, respectively, as a safety criterion.
Hexagonal bolt, nut, fittings, and high-pressure valves with special alloy play an important role in many industrial products, for instance, such as semiconductor facilities, hydrogen stations and fuel cell electric vehicles. The purpose of this study is to predict the reaction force of roller in drawing system. Numerical analysis was conducted to obtain data for designing the turning wheel, which is key parts in drawing system, using the reaction force of roller. As the results, the reaction force of X axis direction was about 9~20 times larger than that of Z axis direction and the reaction force of Y axis direction was negligible. The maximum reaction force of roller was the case of 4 stage and the numerical results in this study could be helped for designing the mechanical parts of variable hexagonal rolling die.
The shell & tube-type heat exchanger has been frequently used because it shows simple structure, easy manufacturing and wide operation conditions among many heat exchangers. This study aims to investigate the characteristics for thermal flow of coolant and the possibility of damage for tube equipped with shell due to thermal stress. For these purposes, The thermal flow of coolant in tube was simulated using ANSYS-CFX program and thus the behaviors of coolant were evaluated with standard k-ε turbulence model. As the results, as the flow rate of coolant in tube was increased, the mean relative pressure was also increased with quadratic curve, however, as the surface temperature of tube was increased, mean temperature difference was linearly increased. Finally it showed that the damage of tube could be predicted, that is, which tube was the most weak due to thermal stress.
Hydrogen infrastructure, for instance, such as hydrogen stations, supply chain network, is important in society of hydrogen economy. Special alloy are frequently used to prevent the hydrogen embrittlement in hydrogen vehicles, semiconductor factories and so on. Because special alloy including Monel material has high strength and high hardness, it is known as the hard-to-cut or roll material. This paper aims to investigate the characteristics and safety on bearing and shaft, which consist of key parts of rolling unit, through structural analysis. As the results, it showed that the bearing was weaker than shaft. Further the bearing was safe up to 20.4 ton, which was about 2 times of maximum of roller reaction force in case of considering as static load. However, the bearing was safe up to 10.2 ton in case of considering as repeated load.
Hydrogen gas is usually used in many industrial facilities, for instance, such as semiconductor, vehicle and gas station. Because hydrogen embrittlement leads to the big damages in bolts, nut, especially, high pressure valves with common materials, therefore, special alloy including Monel material is recommended to reduce the hydrogen embrittlement. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of Monel within elastic limit through numerical analysis when Monel is drawn by drawing system. As the results, it showed that safety factor was decreased, but deformation and stress was increased, when the number of pass was increased. Furthermore, the method for designating work hardening in numerical simulation was needed to achieve the exact solution in this study.
The new & renewable energy including solar heat has been widely used to reduce the fossil fuel. Air-heating collector of solar heat is usually known as technology that supplies the hot air to indoor room. However, this study aims to investigate the possibility of cold room by air-heating collector of solar heat. The thermal flow in cold room was simulated using ANSYS-CFX program and thus the behaviors of cold air were evaluated with standard k-ε turbulence model. As the results, there was space in indoor room not showing cooling effect in case that both inlet and outlet were installing at bottom. Inlet temperature showed greater cooling effect than inlet velocity. Furthermore it was confirmed that the location and the temperature, respectively, capable of cooling indoor room could be predicted by changing the attached position of inlet and outlet.
Small-sized heater is usually used to make the hot water in resting place, factory, household affairs and so on. One of methods to obtain hot water in short time is known as using instantaneous electric water heater. In this study, numerical analysis for small-sized hot water heater with straight double tube-type was tried to achieve the basic design data. This study aims to investigate the characteristics of thermal flow, for instance, such as pressure difference, outlet mean temperature and velocity, due to clearance. As the clearance is decreased, outlet mean temperature and pressure difference(Pmax.-Pmin.) are increased. Therefore appropriate relations between area of heat source and pressure difference should be set up. Further small-sized hot water heater in this study must be equipped with electric device capable of heating over 90℃.
Diesel engine is used many industrial fields such as ship, power plant and big-sized vehicles and so on. Roto cap is one of the parts of system of intake and exhaust valve. Roto cap consists of body, disc spring, spring & steel ball, retainer and stop ring. Disc spring is known as taking cyclic load and cyclic load leads to fatigue damage. This study aims to investigate the stability of disc spring due to fatigue damage. As the results, the fatigue life of disc spring according to cylic load could be predicted using fatigue analysis. Consequently, disc spring showed the stability of about 1.7~2 times for criterion load of 1370N.
Parking gear is essential parts of automotive to park on flat or slope ground. Parking of, especially, big-sized vehicle such as bus and truck is very important problem related to safety. Stability of parking gear may differ from contact location between parking gear and pawl. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of stability depending on contact location using numerical analysis. Furthermore the results obtained by numerical analysis were applied to real vehicles to evaluate established-product of parking gear. As the results, safety criterion of parking gear showed below 0.31ton and thus it was confirmed that parking gear of this study was suitable to small-sized vehicle.
Roto cap is usually used to diesel engine, especially, big-sized diesel engine such as ship, power plant and so on. Intake and exhaust valves are essential parts of diesel engine and thus roto cap is one of the most important parts of intake and exhaust valves. Roto cap consists of body, disc spring, spring & steel ball, retainer and stop ring. In this study, the body and disc spring in parts of roto cap were simulated using static structural analysis. The purpose of this study is to achieve the data for designing and improving the roto cap. As the results, the body of roto cap showed safety factor of 6.3 in even 2 times of 1370N(target load) and the disc spring showed safety factor of 4.9 in 2370N load.
Pipe for water supply is one of the important parts that supply water to home, factory and so on. Water leakage in pipe for water supply due to deterioration, ground sinking and earthquake leads to enormous economical loss. Therefore, pipe for water supply should be designed to satisfy the requirement of, for instance, structural stability and fatigue durability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the fatigue durability of flexible joint for relaxing the impact due to earthquake and ground sinking. For this purpose, flexible joint was simulated using dynamic characteristics and fatigue life. As the results, the problem of fatigue durability may occur when flexible joint and pipe for water supply are treated as rigid body in simulation. Thus it means that the role of packing in flexible joint is very important and packing should be designed as optimal conditions that are considered fatigue durability as well as waterproof.
본 연구에서는 큰 침하량과 동적트림을 가지는 선박에 대하여 전산유체역학(CFD)을 기반으로 하여 효율적인 저항성능 추정 방 법을 제시하였다. 본 방법에서 효율적이라 함은 점성 유동해석 이전에 비 점성 유동해석의 침하량과 동적트림 결과를 이용하여 선박의 큰 자세를 설정하고 DFBI(Dynamic Fluid Body Interaction) 방법에 의한 점성 유동해석을 수행한 것이다. 본 방법을 방법I로 명하였다. 방법I 는 해석 전에 큰 자세를 설정함으로 인해 중첩격자(Overset Mesh) 기법을 사용하지 않는 단순한 격자시스템(Fig. 3 참고)을 사용하면 된다. 이로 인해 방법I는 계산시간 단축 및 계산의 정도를 높일 수 있는 장점이 있다. 점성 유동해석은 상용 CFD 코드인 STAR-CCM+를 사용하 였다. 방법I의 첫 번째 점성 유동해석 결과는 최종 수렴된 결과와 비교하였을 때 저항 값에서 최대 1 % 내에서 차이를 보임을 확인 하였다. 중첩격자가 아닌 단순 격자시스템에 의한 STAR-CCM+에서 제공하는 DFBI 기법을 활용하여 계산단계 별로 변화된 자세에 대하여 매번 격자를 변경하여 수렴된 결과를 도출하였다. 본 방법을 방법II로 명하였다. 방법II의 저항 값과 비교하였을 때 방법I은 선속에 따라 0.03 % ~ 0.6 %의 차이를 보였다. 방법I의 결과는 수조모형시험과의 비교를 통해서 정성적 그리고 정량적으로 타당함을 확인하였다.
The pipe for water supply is essential part among SOC (Social Overhead Capital) fields. Pipe for water supply is mainly damaged by deterioration of pipe, earthquake, ground sinking and so on. The leakage of water have been led to enormous economical loss in our country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural stability of flexible joint for relaxing impact due to earthquake and ground sinking. For this purpose, flexible joint was simulated using tensile load and internal pressure. As the results, flexible joint for structural stability was needed the tensile load of below 3 ton and internal pressure of below 60 kgf/cm2. However, it is considered that real flexible joint should be applied more high safety factor than that of simulation result because of combined stress.
Gas burner has been widely utilized to many industrial fields and personal outdoor activities and so on. Portable small-sized gas burner is, especially, useful in personal outdoor activities. The performance and safety of portable small-sized gas burner is important because it uses gas as fuel. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibilities of performance improvement of portable small-sized gas burner through flow and structural analysis, respectively. As the results, it showed that mass fraction of butane gas in all cases(Type 1, Type 2, Type 3) was about 12~18% and further safety load of 3 stand leg was below 10 kgf.
SUS hexagonal bar have been widely used to manufacture the hexagonal bolt/nut, adapter and fittings. Raw SUS circular bar is used to make SUS hexagonal bar using drawing system. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics, for instance, such as stress, strain and reduction ratio of area for bar. As the results, it was confirmed that the maximum stresses were occurred at edge of hexagonal bar, thus it could be worked as residual stress of hexagonal bar. The phenomenon of spring back was almost no found in all parts of hexagonal bar. Furthermore it showed that the reduction ratios of area were about mean 26% when SUS circular bar was changed to SUS hexagonal bar in this study.
Hot forging is widely used to manufacture many industrial parts such as machine, automotive and so on. It is important to simulate the relations or characteristics between preform and die before designing the die. The purpose of this study is to investigate the forging characteristics of parking gear with nonlinear gear groove, thus the behaviors of preform can be predicted in advance and finally they can be applied to die design. As the results, since the distributions of high effective strain rate of parking gear were less than 3%, it was predicted that the manufacturing of parking gear with nonlinear gear groove might be possible. Furthermore it was observed that, in this study, the effective stress of bottom die was lower than that of top die.
In order to remove rust and impurities from surface of raw SUS circular bar, peeling machine is used to make lustrous and clean surface of SUS circular bar. Drawing process system is used to manufacture SUS hexagonal bar. SUS hexagonal bar have been widely used to make hexagonal bolt/nut, adapter and fittings and so on. The purpose of this study is to investigate the stabilities for guide bar of clamp in drawing process system. As the results, the guide bar showed structural stability in cases of below load of 50 Ton and over hook radius of 3.0mm. Further as the thickness of guide bar hooking with jaw was increased, minimum safety factor was decreased.