Noise is a sound that people don't want. In this study, noise is measured for SR20, a general aviation trainer used in Korea. In addition, noise measurement points are selected at Muan Airport, where most of the domestic trainers fly under the supervision of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, and the measured data are analyzed based on this. We also want to analyze the noise characteristics of SR20 aircraft through frequency analysis of the noise characteristics of SR20 aircraft are unique. We want to use this to understand what type of noise the trainer affects in future studies. this study will improve the reliability of the noise prediction scenario by comparing and analyzing the actual measured and predicted values when using the noise prediction program.
Car accidents require continuous access to new technologies in the field of maintenance that cannot be achieved by textbook theory alone due to the nature of body repair without the same damage and repair conditions. In the case of vehicle repairs due to unexpected accidents, it is difficult to satisfy the needs of the vehicle owner, so in this study, it is possible to restore them to their original state with improved technology like the vehicle owner. Better maintenance technologies have been explored: complete replacement of side quarter panels, partial replacement and partial modification of side quarter panels, as well as tangible and intangible effects such as not applying depreciation rates due to traffic accidents, preventing environmental pollution and maximizing owner satisfaction.
In the present numerical research, develop a high-efficiency fan model to improve the performance of the cooling fan, which accounts for a lot of weight in the efficiency of the cooling tower. For this purpose, analyze the shape of the existing cooling fan model and use CFD. The main variable set in the analysis of the cooling fan model is the pitch angle, and the range of the pitch angle was investigated in the range of 0° to 20°. The purpose of this research is to select the optimum driving condition by using CFD for setting the pitch angle that depends on the existing experience. The research results showed the best results when the pitch angle range was 15°~18°.
In this research, a new piston pinhole boring machine for simultaneous 3-axis machining using linear motor and tilting unit is developed. We propose a new method that combines the linear motor and tilting unit to overcome the limitations of existing techniques. By using the linear motor, we suggest oval machining of piston pin holes. The horizontal reciprocating motion of the linear motor allows for oval machining, creating horizontal or vertical ovals on the pin holes based on the spindle tool's rotation angle. For profile machining of piston pin holes, we propose the use of a tilting unit that converts servo motor motion into linear motion. The vertical motion of the tilting unit enables profile machining, allowing the spindle tool connected to it to translate vertically during spindle rotation and shape the pin holes. To ensure simultaneous oval and profile machining, we suggest channel synchronization, separating the oval and profile machining channels. Synchronizing these channels enables both oval and profile machining to be performed simultaneously on the pin holes. In summary, this research aims to develop a piston pinhole boring machine that effectively utilizes the linear motor and tilting unit for accurate and productive pin hole machining, achieving simultaneous 3-axis machining.
Fishing gear used in coastal fishing should be equipped with fishing buoys, indicating their locations, thus enabling their constant monitoring and detection by other ships to avoid collision. However, common fishing buoys fabricated using Styrofoam, bamboo, or PVC have short detection ranges owing to their weak radar radio wave reflection. Although research on improving the performance of radar equipment is in progress, studies on early detection of fishing gear to reduce collisions with ships sailing nearby are limited. In this study, we conducted experiments to determine methods to prevent collisions between ships and fishing gear by improving both the fishing buoy material and installation method for the reflector to increase the radar detection range of the fishing buoys.
Hexagonal bolt, nut, fittings, and high-pressure valves with special alloy play an important role in many industrial products, for instance, such as semiconductor facilities, hydrogen stations and fuel cell electric vehicles. The purpose of this study is to investigate the structural stability of turning wheel using the reaction force of roller in variable hexagonal rolling die. As the results, the bearing groove had the possibility of damage in turning wheel, especially, in case of Bottom condition. Furthermore, the turning wheel showed structural instability by using safety factor but structural stability using strength, respectively, as a safety criterion.
Hydrogen is considered as one of the most promising future energy carriers due to its noteworthy advantages of renewable and high calorific value. The long-term storage of liquid hydrogen with low heat leakage is essential for future deep space exploration. Because of low critical temperature and volatility, liquid hydrogen tank poses severe requirements to multi-layer insulation (MLI). In order to reduce heat leak into tank, vapor cooled shield (VCS) was set up to cool MLI by retrieving the heat of discharged cryogenic gas hydrogen. This paper presents an parametric study on insulation system in liquid hydrogen storage vessel with MLI and VCS. Thermal model was developed, and heat transfer analysis by varying VCS position was conducted. Temperature and heat flux distributions along time passing were derived, and effect of VCS position on insulation performance was investigated.
In this study, the structural integrity of the composite rocket motor case of a space launch vehicle was evaluated by conducting compression and bending tests. Two composite rocket motor case specimens with different stacking patterns were prepared for each test, and a dedicated jig was designed and manufactured. The test procedure was developed and applied separately for compression and bending tests. By performing these tests, the composite rocket motor case structural safety was assessed.
It is very important to measure and analyze various driving performance in the vehicle development stage. Particularly in racing vehicles, analysis of driving characteristics on various courses is very important, and data measurement and analysis technology using actual measurement equipment are widely used in racing strategies. In this paper, we present an analytical approach using vehicle acceleration, which is relatively easy to measure among various factors. Measured acceleration data is used to analyze optimal driving performance.
A universal joint is a device that transmits the power of a combat vehicle engine to a cooling fan. The power of the engine is transmitted to the universal joint as it is without buffering, and play occurs at the joint between the drive shaft connected to the engine and the driven shaft connected to the cooling fan according to the usage time. Accordingly, the universal joint is periodically replaced, and the criterion for this is the degree of torsion of the universal joint. However, if the universal joint is not properly maintained during the replacement cycle, damage to the universal joint as well as damage to the surrounding power supply may occur. Accordingly, a backlash measuring device was developed to determine the limit of durability of the universal joint, and the limit of durability was derived through regression analysis of the backlash value according to the use time obtained from the accelerated life test.
In factory automation, efforts are being made to increase productivity while maintaining high-quality products. In this study, a CNN network structure was designed to quickly and accurately recognize a cigarette located in the opposite direction or a cigarette with a loose end in an automated facility rotating at high speed for cigarette production. Tobacco inspection requires a simple network structure and fast processing time and performance. The proposed network has an excellent accuracy of 96.33% and a short processing time of 0.527 msec, showing excellent performance in learning time and performance compared to other CNN networks, confirming its practicality. In addition, it was confirmed that efficient learning is possible by increasing a small number of image data through a rotation conversion method.
Hydraulic cylinders are hydraulic system parts widely used in various industries such as construction machinery, machine tools, robots, automobiles, and automation systems. The maximum capacity of vane pumps used in machine tools is 70bar, but the actual operating pressure is less than 50bar. The allowable pressure of a commercial hydraulic cylinder is 140 - 210 bar, so it is heavy and uneconomical because it uses thick and strong materials. In this paper, we intend to develop a small and lightweight hydraulic cylinder suitable for the allowable pressure of 50bar or less so that it can be used in the hydraulic system field. In order to develop a compact hydraulic cylinder, flow analysis, and structural analysis were conducted under piston forward and backward conditions. The analyzed flow rate value was calculated to be suitable for the operation of the hydraulic cylinder. As a result of comparing the stress calculated under the forward/backward condition of the piston with the yield stress of the material, the safety factor was calculated to be more than 2.5.
Aircraft noise is something humans don't want. In this study, based on the Rotax 914 engine used in Korea, the propeller blade angle was changed by 1 degree and the engine RPM was changed to review the three-wing “G Company” propeller and the three-wing GSC wooden propeller. Select the best propeller pitch angle by measuring the change in propeller noise and thrust and the change in engine RPM due to the change in noise and thrust. We would like to present a propeller pitch angle suitable for the location of the airfield and the operation of the aircraft. Based on this, we would like to help resolve noise complaints around the airfiled.
Zerodur, one of the optical materials, was used for large spherical mirrors in this study. For weight reduction, several types of honeycomb structures were investigated. The finite element simulation was used for deformation and mode analysis. It was revealed that the weight reduction rate and maximum deflection due to the gravity effect vary depending on the honeycomb structures. Additionally, this study highlights the potential of spline-shaped honeycomb structures as an alternative for weight reduction, and triangular honeycomb structures demonstrated the less deformation by the gravity effect. The findings from this study provide valuable insights for designing lightweight and high-performance spherical mirrors in optical systems.
Recent, there has been a need for a terminal device with artificial intelligence to detect emergency situations in various means of transportation to prevent overdischarge of the battery even when parking the vehicle for a long time so that the driver can properly prepare. The transmission system, which guides the situation and location information of the vehicle, uses AHD video technology and RTOS technology to reduce the load of wireless networks by increasing the video playback rate through UDP implementation by WiFi, and stabilizes through wireless networks and low-power sensors using LoRa services.
Cars using diesel have always had problems with reducing exhaust fumes, and have been studied steadily in this regard. There were studies on the remanufacturing effect of DOC catalyst deactivated by diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, analysis of vehicle fire accident cases caused by damage to diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, and related studies on the remanufacturing effect of diesel vehicle smoke reduction device DPF. This study is also to develop a burner structure in a smoke reduction device suitable for an exhaust engine to completely burn smoke generated by an engine using a diesel engine in a low-temperature exhaust gas. The main systems to be developed are high-performance heaters, burner structures that can maintain ignition in exhaust flows, and exhaust flow control units that reduce exhaust gas backflow effects caused by diesel engines.
Radiant tubes heat exchangers are critical components that facilitate the heat transfer process to steel in an annealing furnace, and it addresses several engineering problems, such as thermal stress and mechanical failure due to long-term thermal cycling, which can significantly affect the longevity of the tubes and maintenance requirements. In this study, we used commercial software (ANSYS) to simulate the thermal stress and deformation of radiant tubes subjected to extreme thermal conditions and pressure loads. We evaluated both thermally induced deformation and creep deformation, which is a time-dependent deformation under constant stress over the long term. The results showed that uneven temperature conditions and pressure loads lead to significant deformation and potential failures. To mitigate these engineering challenges, we also tested several designs that include supporting brackets. This study provides valuable insights for designing radiant tube heat exchangers in annealing furnaces to extend their lifespan and ensure system safety.
Recently, there has been an increasing demand for independent suspension systems in commercial vehicles, and various researches related to this trend are currently underway. In this study, as part of an effort to localize the independent suspension system for commercial vehicles, a preceding study was conducted to convert the existing forging process into a casting process. The structural stability of the developed product was evaluated by performing stress analysis on both forging and casting materials. In order to compensate for the low yield characteristics of the casting material, design improvements were made to lower the maximum stress level based on numerical simulations.Additionally, Lightweight design was performed, capitalizing on the inherent design flexibility offered by casting products. As a result, it was confirmed that the developed product exhibited similar stress characteristics level to the existing product, along with a weight reduction of approximately 5%.
Cars serve as vehicles for the conveyance of both passengers and cargo. Inevitably, traffic accidents constitute a significant facet of vehicular operation. These accidents manifest in various forms, including frontal, rear-end, and lateral collisions. While the resultant vehicular damages may exhibit similarities, they remain inherently distinct. Owing to the intricate nature of automotive body repairs, simplistic adherence to textbook doctrines proves inadequate. The rectification of damaged vehicle bodies hinges upon the practitioner's experiential acumen. Consequently, discourse pertaining to body repair technology necessitates grounding in empirical data encompassing prevailing industry norms and attendant financial implications. Variability in individualized methodologies can engender substantial temporal and monetary outlays within the domain of automotive bodywork. Moreover, the integration of novel material technologies within vehicular structures mandates a perpetual pursuit of knowledge and empirical inquiry into the domain of vehicle body repair procedures, particularly as applied to emerging materials. Compounding this imperative is the unwavering commitment to preserving the safety paradigm from the vehicle owner's perspective, ensuring that restorative interventions subsequent to accidents do not compromise safety benchmarks.
Cars using diesel have always had problems with reducing exhaust fumes, and have been studied steadily in this regard. There were studies on the remanufacturing effect of DOC catalyst deactivated by diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, analysis of vehicle fire accident cases caused by damage to diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, and related studies on the remanufacturing effect of diesel vehicle smoke reduction device DPF. This study also developed a burner system in a smoke reduction device suitable for exhaust engines to completely burn smoke generated by institutions using diesel engines in low-temperature exhaust gases. The main systems to be developed are high-performance heaters, burner structures that can maintain ignition in exhaust flows, and exhaust flow control units that reduce exhaust gas backflow effects caused by diesel engines.