Physicochemical and sensory properties of sponge cakes using 2 kinds of domestic wheat flour(white flour, whole wheat flour) and imported cake flour were investigated. In the proximate analysis, white flour had higher contents of water and protein compared with those of imported flour. Whole wheat flour had the highest contents of protein, lipid and ash. Regarding the batter, imported flour sample showed lower specific gravity and higher viscosity than those of domestic flour sample, implying that there was more air incorporation and higher batter stability. As a result, imported flour batter produced larger cake compared to that of domestic flour batter. But indexes of symmetry and uniformity showed no significant difference among the samples. In textural analysis using rheometer, cakes with imported flour were softer compared with that with domestic flour. In gumminess and brittleness, cakes with domestic white flour showed the highest value while that with the imported flour showed the lowest value. For the color measurements of cake crumb, no significant difference in DE was found among the samples. Regarding the cross-sections of the cake observed using SEM, imported flour produced cake with smaller and more even air cells compared to that with the domestic flour cake. In sensory evaluation, cakes with the domestic white flour showed the highest moistness value. But there was no significant difference in springiness, firmness, adhesiveness and ease of swallow among the samples. In conclusion, cakes with domestic white flour and whole wheat flour were as good as that with imported cake flour for the sponge cake preparation.
Physicochemical and consumer acceptance properties of bread baking prepared with 100% domestic and imported flour and mixtures of the two flours by 50% to 50% were investigated in this study. Quality changes of the breads during storage at 1℃ were also evaluated. Volume of bread made of the mixtures of flour showed significantly higher values than the other two samples. Hardness of bread made with domestic flour had significantly higher value than that of control on the first day of storage at 4℃. However, mixture sample showed significantly higher value than that of control after the third day of storage. Consumer acceptance test indicated that the bread prepared with 50% imported and 50% domestic flour were not significantly different from the bread prepared with 100% imported flour.