In this study, we aimed to determine the seasonal distribution and biomass of fish in Samcheok marine ranching area (MRA) of Republic of Korea using the scientific echosounder. Fish trap and gillnets were used to identify fish species in the survey area, and dB-difference method was used to estimation the spatio-temporal distribution and density of fish. The results showed that the dominant species in Samcheok marine ranching area were Chelidonichthys spinosus, Sebastes inermis, Hexagrammos otakii and Tribolodon hakonensis. The spatio-temporal distribution of fish showed that fish had a relatively higher distribution at night than during the day. In addition, the density of fish by season was highest at night in July at 34.22 g/m 2 and lowest in April at 0.42 g/m 2 .
This study used hydroacoustic method to identify the vertical and horizontal distribution of Antarctic silverfish in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. In February and December 2018, Antarctic silverfish was detected up to 250 meters, and was mainly distributed in water depths of 20 to 30 meters. The horizontal distribution of Antarctic silverfish was mostly undetected in February, and December showed a relatively stronger distribution than that of February. Antarctic silverfish is characterized by their distribution near sea ice.
In this study, the target strength for multi-frequency (38 kHz, 120 kHz, 200 kHz) of juvenile silverfish (Pleuragramma antarcticum) was estimated using by the KRM (Kirchhoff-ray mode) model. The body shape of the silverfish was described by a picture and the body length of nine individuals ranged in 1.8 cm to 8.8 cm. The maximum TScm according to the total length for the constant term (b20) was – 92.93 dB at 38 kHz, – 86.63 dB at 120 kHz, and – 85.89 dB at 200 kHz, respectively. The averaged TScm according to total length for the constant term (b20) was – 100.0 dB at 38 kHz, – 93.0 dB at 120 kHz, and – 106.9 dB at 200 kHz, respectively.
In this study, we used underwater acoustics to analyze the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of largehead hairtail (Trichiurus leptueus) based on the luminous thronging of metal halide fishing lamps and induction fishing lamps. As a result, the illuminating power was approximately 1.3 times higher using the metal halide fishing lamp whereas the density of hairtals by distance was approximately 1.9 times higher using the induction fishing lamp. Regarding water depth distribution, hairtails were detected depths of 25-30 m during August and at all water depths in November as assessed using fishing lamps.