Metal foams have a cellular structure consisting of a solid metal containing a large volume fraction ofpores. In particular, open, penetrating pores are necessary for industrial applications such as in high temperature filtersand as a support for catalysts. In this study, Fe foam with above 90% porosity and 2 millimeter pore size was suc-cessfully fabricated by a slurry coating process and the pore properties were characterized. The Fe and Fe2O3 powdermixing ratios were controlled to produce Fe foams with different pore size and porosity. First, the slurry was preparedby uniform mixing with powders, distilled water and polyvinyl alcohol(PVA). After slurry coating on the polyure-thane(PU) foam, the sample was dried at 80℃. The PVA and PU foams were then removed by heating at 700℃ for 3hours. The debinded samples were subsequently sintered at 1250℃ with a holding time of 3 hours under hydrogenatmosphere. The three dimensional geometries of the obtained Fe foams with an open cell structure were investigatedusing X-ray micro CT(computed tomography) as well as the pore morphology, size and phase. The coated amount ofslurry on the PU foam were increased with Fe2O3 mixing powder ratio but the shrinkage and porosity of Fe foams weredecreased with Fe2O3 mixing powder ratio.
In this study, diatomite based materials were investigated as a support filter for silica particle coating. Thesilica sol for coating was synthesized by a stöber process. The diatomite support was dry-pressed at 10 MPa and sin-tered at 1200˚C for 1 hour. The coating sol was prepared as a mixture of EtOH and silica sol. The diatomite supportwas coated by a dip-coating process. Silica coated diatomite filter was sintered at 1000~1200˚C for 1 hour. The largestpore size was decreased with increasing concentration ratio of coating sol. The gas and water permeability of silicacoated diatomite decreased with increasing of concentration ratio of the coating sol.
In this study, a novel-processing route for fabricating microcellular zirconia ceramics has been developed. The proposed strategy for making the microcellula zirconia ceramics involved hollow microspheres as pore former. Compared to conventional dense microspheres pore former, well-defined pore structured zirconia ceramics were successfully fabricated. Effects of hollow microsphere content and sintering temperature on microstructure, porosity, pore distribution, and strength were investigated in the processing of microcellular zirconia ceramics.
The synthesis behavior of nanoporous silica aerogel in the macroporous ceramic structure was observed using TEOS as a source material and glycerol as a dry control chemical additive (DCCA). Silica aerogel in the macroporous ceramic structure was synthesized via sono-gel process using hexamethyldiazane (HMDS) as a modification agent and n-hexane as a main solvent. The wet gel with a modified surface was dried at under ambient pressure. The addition of glycerol appears to give the wet gel a more homogeneous microstructure. However, glycerol also retarded the rate of surface modification and solvent exchange. Silica aerogel completely filled the macroporous ceramic structure without defect in the condition of surface modification (20% HMDS/nhexane at 36hr).
본 연구에서는 안정제를 이용하는 반회분식 분산 중합(semi batch dispersion polymerization)공정으로 전도성 고분자인 p-Doped polypyrrole 입자를 제조하였다. 반회분식 분산 중합은 단량체를 monomer starved 조건하에서 연속 주입하여 중합시키는 방법으로써 polyvinylalcohol(PVA)을 안정제로 사용한 경우 평균 50nm, methylcellulose를 안정제로 사용한 경우평균 95nm 정도의 입자 크기를 갖는 dispersion을 제조할 수 있었으며, 이의 입자 크기 및 전도도는 단량체 투입 속도, 개시제 농도와 안정제의 종류, 분자량 및 농도에 따라 변화하였다. 이는 도입 성분중 개시제와 안정제의 역할(친수성 정도, 분자량)에 따라 달라지는 것으로, 이에 따른 물성의 최적점을 찾을 수 있었다.