With the implementation of the “Critical Disaster Punishment Act” in 2022, the safety and health management system within the organization is being established and awareness of the importance of safety culture is spreading. Measuring the level of safety culture in an organization can grasp the perception and attitude of members about safety. You can also identify the safety-related problems and improvements of the organization. In this study, prior studies on the safety culture level scale were considered, focusing on domestic literature studied from 2001 to 2021. Domestic literature was analyzed by research period, research field, author, core terms, and constituent factors of scale. The implications of the research trend analysis results of the safety culture level scale were derived.
In order to improve the implementation of safety and health education at the site for industrial accident prevention activities, research was conducted to minimize inconvenience and increase utilization by redesigning and developing existing education methods. To date, occupational safety and health education has been conducted without considering the general work characteristics and functional facilities (mechanical, electrical, instrumentation, chemical) of workers (mechanical: turbine, valve, pump, hydraulic system, electrical: generator, breaker, motor, etc.). In particular, plant facilities were classified as mechanical and electrical facilities to improve the methodology for industrial safety and health education for plant maintenance workers. In addition, the “One Page Education Plan” was announced as a learning case because the spread of COVID-19 infectious diseases made it impossible to reduce or control the number of people in all groups and groups. The improvement of this training method will play a major role in improving the effectiveness of safety education in power plant workplaces.
The emergency diesel generator of a nuclear power plant is a emergency AC power source that starts up within 10 seconds when a LOOP(Loss Of Off-site Power) occurs and supplies power to essential safety facilities. In this study, factors affecting start signal input time, engine rotation start time, 30% of engine rated speed, 80% of engine rated speed were studied to secure starting reliability. As a result, it was found that the section before the 30% of engine rated speed was affected by the mechanical management status from the start signal to the fuel oil linkage system. After the 30% of engine rated speed section, it was the maximum fuel supply section, and the time reduction effect through management improvement was insignificant.
As the number of confirmed cases of Covid-19 is not decreasing, it is time for domestic companies to respond preemptively and in terms of business continuity. The purpose of this study is to present measures to strengthen BCP to prevent infectious diseases in the enterprise. In this work, three methods of data investigation are used. The first was to search for keywords in academic databases such as the National Assembly Library and the Korea Research and Information Service to investigate degree papers and academic papers. Second, we investigated literature such as research reports, manuals, and guidelines on infectious diseases. Finally, the researchers visited official websites such as KDCA, MOHW, and MOIS to collect and analyze recent data. BCP In view of the Board, a new risk analysis should be made and a disaster preparedness system tailored to the characteristics of the entity should be established. We need to analyze corporate weaknesses and focus on safety culture. It is also important to look at how customers choose their services and products. Based on this, differentiated service strategies should be presented. It is hoped that the results of this study can be used as basic data for companies that want to systematically manage and operate BCP to prevent infectious diseases.
수경재배시 양액 내 탄산정 처리를 통한 상추의 생육 및 생리활성물질 변화를 조사하기 위해 네덜란드에서 시판되는 고형 탄산정을 사용하였다. 실험은 무처리를 대조구로 하여 0.5 배, 1배, 2배 처리구로 구성하였다. 실험결과, 탄산정 처리 후 챔버내 대기 CO2 농도는 처리 직후 2배 처리구에서 472.2μL·L -1 로 가장 높은 수치를 보였으며, 양액내 pH는 2배 처리구는 pH 6.03로 가장 많이 감소하였다. 이후 시간이 경과함에 따라 CO2 농도와 pH는 처리 전 수준으로 회복하는 모습을 나타냈다. 상추의 엽폭과 엽면적은 탄산정 2배 처리시 17.1cm, 1067cm 2로 가장 큰 값을 나타내었으며 지상부 생체중, 건물 중은 0.5배 처리구에서 63.87g, 3.08g으로 가장 높게 나타났다. 상추의 근장은 대조구에서 28.4cm로 가장 길었으나 처리 구들간에 지하부의 생체중, 건물중은 유의적인 차이를 나타내지 않았다. 외관상 탄산정 처리에 의해 상추의 근장이 짧아 지고 곁뿌리가 많이 발생한 것이 관찰되었다. 또한 뿌리가 갈색으로 약간 변하는 결과가 있었지만, 지상부 생육에는 부정적인 영향을 미치지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 탄산정 처리에 의 한상추의 생리활성물질을 분석한 결과 chlorogenic acid와 quercetin 두가지 물질이 검출되었으며 이를 정량분석한 결과 1배 처리구에서 chlrogenic acid는 대조구보다 249% 증가하였지만 quercetin은 37% 감소한 결과를 나타냈다. 항산화 활 성을 나타내는 DPPH 라디컬 소거능을 비교한 결과 대조구와 0.5배 처리가 1배, 2배 처리보다 유의적으로 높은 값을 나타냈다. 이를 통해 탄산정 처리가 수경재배 상추의 생육과 생리활 성물질을 증대에 효과가 있음을 제시한다.
Fluorescent nanoparticles are characterized by their unique properties such as luminescence, optical transparency, and sensitivity to various chemical environments. For example, semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots), which are nanophosphors doped with transition metal or rare earth ions, can be classified as fluorescent nanoparticles. Tuning their optical and physico-chemical properties can be carried out by considering and taking advantage of nanoscale effects. For instance, quantum confinement causes a much higher fluorescence with nanoparticles than with their bulk counterparts. Recently, various types of fluorescent nanoparticles have been synthesized to extend their applications to other fields. In this study, State-of-the-art fluorescent nanoparticles are reviewed with emphasis on their analytical and anti-counterfeiting applications and synthesis processes. Moreover, the fundamental principles behind the exceptional properties of fluorescent nanoparticles are discussed.
본고에서는 최근 중국을 중심으로 추진되고 있는 한약재 ISO 국제표준화에 대한 대응을 위해 최신 등재 현황을 소개하고 주요 추진상의 문제점과 대응방안들을 점검해 보았다. 주요 내용을 정리하면 다음과 같다.
1. 국제표준화기구 전통의학 기술위원회(ISO TC249)는 2009년 설립이후 31개의 국가가 참여하여 한약재 국제표준화를 추진하고 있다. 한·중·일은 발의 문건은 90%이상을 차지하여 사실상 아시아의 전통의학 분야를 두고 경쟁하고 있으며 간사국인 중국은 약용작물의 종자 ·종묘에서부터 약재의 생산, 품질 그리고 침구, 의료기술 등에 이르기까지 전 한방분야에서 표준화를 주도하고 있다. 현재 진행되고 있는 약용작물 재배 및 한약재 품질 관련 안건만 약 50여건에 달해 향후 5년 내에 시장 거래량 상위품목들의 국제표준화 작업이 대부분 완료될 것으로 예상된다.
2. 현재 진행되고 있는 안건들은 한약재의 품질이나 품질평가에 관한 안건들이 대부분이다. 이 안건들이 국제표준으로 인정되면 세계 한약재 유통시장에는 새로운 질서와 우열기준이 생기고 유통 한약재의 시장가치 평가에 반영되어 각국 한약재 점유율 변동에도 영향을 줄 수 있다. 이들 안건들은 직접적인 재배생산 표준이 아닌 경우가 대부분이지만 성분이나 성상 등에 대한 표준을 담고 있으므로 대부분 재배생산과도 밀접한 관련이 있다. 만일 중국 중심의 표준화가 계속해서 심화된다면 장기적으로는 국내 생산농가에 부담을 줄 수도 있다. 그러므로 한약재 국제표준화 대응은 향후 국내 생산물이 표준규격을 달성할 수 있는 범위내로 기준을 유도하는 전략을 펴야 할 것이다. 이를 위해 국내 생산물의 특성을 파악하고 선반영 하려는 노력이 필요하다.
3. 한약재 표준화 대응은 중국의 추진안건이 많으므로 분야별 파급영향을 고려한 선별적인 대응이 필요하다. 종자·종묘 등 추가적인 제한 필요성이 낮은 분야보다는 향후 시장에서 한· 중 간 경쟁이 발생할 수 있는 분야에 집중하는 것이 중요하다 . 원산지 변조, 농약 잔류량·이산화황 과다검출 등의 이력이 있는 약재들은 해당 표준을 강화하고 재배환경의 영향을 받을 수 있는 도지약재들의 경우 성상이나 지표성분 등에 대한 국내약재의 특성을 최대한 반영할 필요성이 있다. 곰팡이나 해충관리 등은 아직 각국의 관리규정이나 저온저장 시설 등 현장 인프라 구축이 충분치 않은 점들도 고려되어야 한다. 아직 국제표준을 추진하기 위한 국내의 연구결과들이 충분치 않은 부분들이 많으므로 추가적인 연구와 지원이 필요할 것이다.
Over the last decade, the study of the synthesis of semiconductor colloidal quantum dots has progressed at a tremendous rate. Colloidal quantum dots, which possess unique spectral-luminescent characteristics, are of great interest in the development of novel materials and devices, which are promising for use in various fields. Several studies have been carried out on hot injection synthesis methods. However, these methods have been found to be unsuitable for large-capacity synthesis. Therefore, this review paper introduces synthesis methods other than the hot injection synthesis method, to synthesize quantum dots with excellent optical properties, through continuous synthesis and large capacity synthesis. In addition, examples of the application of synthesized colloid quantum dots in displays, solar cells, and bio industries are provided.
Much attention has been paid to thermally conductive materials for efficient heat dissipation of electronic devices to maintain their functionality and to support lifetime span. Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), which has a high thermal conductivity, is one of the most suitable materials for thermally conductive composites. In this study, we synthesize h-BN nanocrystals by pyrolysis of cost-effective precursors, boric acid, and melamine. Through pyrolysis at 900oC and subsequent annealing at 1500oC, h-BN nanoparticles with diameters of ~80 nm are synthesized. We demonstrate that the addition of small amounts of Eu-containing salts during the preparation of melamine borate precursors significantly enhanced the crystallinity of h-BN. In particular, addition of Eu assists the growth of h-BN nanoplatelets with diameters up to ~200 nm. Polymer composites containing both spherical Al2O3 (70 vol%) and Eu-doped h-BN nanoparticles (4 vol%) show an enhanced thermal conductivity (λ ~ 1.72W/mK), which is larger than the thermal conductivity of polymer composites containing spherical Al2O3 (70 vol%) as the sole fillers (λ ~ 1.48W/mK).
To promote the efficiency of production process of small and medium sized company, government conducts production information business that collects and analyzes information of production field automatically and helps process' controlling and supervising by supporting costs of purchase, installment, etc. of hard-software and network related to middle and small sized company intending e-Manufacturing of production field with computer and information & communication network. As a result, the number of middle and small sized companies that introduce and manage production information system is increased. Therefore, the purposes of this research are to arrange contents of production information system introduced to solve current problems of middle and small sized companies and analyze effects of small and middle sized companies' introduction through example companies.
The purpose of this study is to understand how to affect the safety behavior to the organization's trustees to investigate the level of safety awareness, safety awareness via the distribution center workers prepare the logistics industry disaster prevention measures. The survey was analyzed data to target by the clothing distribution center employees of 182 people. Analysis First, the level of safety awareness showed on a positive effect on organization trust. Second, it was found on the safety level of consciousness a positive effect on the safety behavior. Third, the level of safety awareness affect the safety behavior showed that the mediating role of organization trust. That is a higher level of safety awareness, such as the strict practice of business activities, investments, safety rules on safety education and training emphasis on safety increases confidence in the organization. It was confirmed the higher the confidence in the safety organization appears behavior such as actively participating in the work carried out in a safe manner, safety education and training. In addition, the effect was mediated by the organizational impact on confidence in the safety of personnel safety awareness actions. Based on that research results prepared safety awareness was raised through the industrial accident prevention measures
We report a facile method for preparing KIT-1 mesoporous silicates with two different macroporous structures by dual templating. As a template for macropores, polystyrene (PS) beads are assembled into uniform three dimensional arrays by ice templating, i.e., by growing ice crystals during the freezing process of the particle suspension. Then, the polymeric templates are directly introduced into the precursor-gel solution with cationic surfactants for templating the mesopores, which is followed by hydrothermal crystallization and calcination. Later, by burning out the PS beads and the surfactants, KIT-1 mesoporous silicates with macropores are produced in a powder form. The macroporous structures of the silicates can be controlled by changing the amount of EDTANa4 salt under the same templating conditions using the PS beads and inverse-opal or hollow structures can be obtained. This strategy to prepare mesoporous powders with controllable macrostructures is potentially useful for various applications especially those dealing with bulky molecules such as, catalysis, separation, drug carriers and environmental adsorbents.
We report a synthesis of non-toxic InP nanocrystals using non-pyrolytic precursors instead of pyrolytic and unstable tris(trimethylsilyl)phosphine, a popular precursor for synthesis of InP nanocrystals. In this study, InP nanocrystals are successfully synthesized using hexaethyl phosphorous triamide (HPT) and the synthesized InP nanocrystals showed a broad and weak photoluminescence (PL) spectrum. As synthesized InP nanocrystals are subjected to further surface modification process to enhance their stability and photoluminescence. Surface modification of InP nanocrystals is done at 230°C using 1-dodecanethiol, zinc acetate and fatty acid as sources of ZnS shell. After surface modification, the synthesized InP/ZnS nanocrystals show intense PL spectra centered at the emission wavelength 612 nm through 633 nm. The synthesized InP/ZnS core/shell structure is confirmed with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectrometer (ICP-AES). After surface modification, InP/ZnS nanocrystals having narrow particle size distribution are observed by Field Emission Transmission Electron Microscope (FE-TEM). In contrast to uncapped InP nanocrystals, InP/ZnS nanocrystals treated with a newly developed surface modified procedure show highly enhanced PL spectra with quantum yield of 47%.
Since the commercial operation of Kori Unit #1 nuclear power plant(NPP) started in 1978, 23 units at present are operating in Korea. Radioactive wastes will be steadily generated from these units and accumulated. In addition, the life-extension of NPPs, construction of new NPPs and decontamination and decommissioning research facilities will cause radioactive wastes to increase. Recently, Korea has revised the new classification criteria as was proposed by IAEA. According to the revised classification criteria, low-level, very-low-level and exempt waste are estimated to about 98% of total disposal amount. In this paper, current status of overseas cases and disposal method with new classification criteria are analyzed to propose the most reasonable method for estimating the amount of decommissioning waste when applying the new criteria.
Vitamin D contents in agricultural products and foods were quantified by high performance liquid chromomatography (HPLC) with a UV/Vis detector, using external standard methods. The results were confirmed with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). After homogenization, samples were hydrolyzed by direct alkali saponification. Thereafter, fat-soluble components were extracted with n-hexane containing 0.01% butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Vitamin D contents in cereals were found to be in the range of 1.882~4.856 μg/100 g. Juda's ear and oak mushroom contained high amounts of vitamin D, at 363.85 and 199.42 μg/100 g of edible portion, respectively.