Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze trends in articles published in the Journal of Korean Society for Simulation in Nursing (KSSN) and to provide future directions for improvement. Method: The study analyzed data collected from 57 research articles published in KSSN between 2013 and 2018. A descriptive analysis was conducted with a focus on frequency and percentage for quantitative data. Results: The proportion of articles on quantitative research was 80.7%, while the proportion of articles on qualitative research was 15.8%. The majority of the quantitative research was focused on experimental study (47.4%). The prevailing data collection settings were school (75.4%), and for the data analysis, descriptive statistics (71.9%), t-test (50.1%), ANOVA (19.3%) and chi-square test (17.5%). The analysis results based on the simulation education research showed that the most frequently used scenario topics were delivery care and postpartum hemorrhage. The most frequently used variables measured were clinical performance (43.8%), problem-solving process (31.3%), self-confidence (31.3%), and self-efficacy (28.1%). Conclusion: Especially in the case of simulation nursing, there is a need to encourage research into utilizing a variety of research methodologies and simulations.
Purpose: Debriefing is very important in simulation-based education. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of structured team debriefing on clinical performance, self-confidence in nursing activities, and the satisfaction of nursing students, using mind mapping. Method: A non-equivalent control group post-test design was conducted. The participants in the study were 83 nursing students. The experimental group consisted of 42 seniors in 2018, and the control group consisted of 41 seniors in 2019. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire and an observed performance checklist. The collected data were analyzed using chi-square and independent t-tests with the statistical software package IBM SPSS/WIN 25.0. Results: There were significant differences in clinical performance (t=7.64, p<.001), self-confidence in nursing activities (t=4.93, p<.001), and learner’ satisfaction (t=2.94, p=.004) between the experimental and the control groups. Conclusion: These results indicate that simulation-based nursing education applying structured team debriefing using mind mapping was effective in improving nursing students' clinical performance, self-confidence in nursing activities, and satisfaction. Thus, there is a need to develop and apply a range of clinical scenarios and debriefing strategies in simulation-based nursing education. Technical and non-technical skills of nursing students also need to be evaluated in simulation-based nursing education using various debriefing methods.
Purpose: The National League for Nursing/Jeffries Simulation Theory (NLN/JST) is a middle-range theory widely used in nursing simulation education. Although the NLN/JST was revised in 2015, there is still no formal critique of the theory. The purpose of this study is to present a critique of the NLN/JST. Method: This study comprehensively analyzes and evaluates the theory using Fawcett and DeSanto-Madeya’s (2013) framework. Results: The theory demonstrates positive social and theoretical significance, testability, and empirical and pragmatic adequacy. Nevertheless, semantic clarity and internal consistency need to be made clearer. Conclusion: The NLN/JST is a suitable framework for nursing simulation education. The theory considers not only participants but also patients and systems as outcomes of simulation education, and is able to incorporate situation-specific backgrounds. That said, it is still necessary to develop a systematic nursing curriculum for clinical reasoning competence of both nursing students and nurses, given the wide range of clinical situations they may encounter.
Purpose: This study was conducted to provide simulation training on evidence-based practical training and to examine its effects. Method: Data were collected from 83 students at C University, between October 1, 2018 and December 31, 2018. This training was conducted over a 5-week period. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the Friedman test, the Wilcoxon signedrank test, and Repeated Measure ANOVA, all after the normality test. Results: There was a significant difference between the two groups in evidence-based practice beliefs, competence, nursing profession perspective, critical thinking tendencies, and problem-solving ability (p<.001). More specifically, there was a greater improvement in evidence-based practice knowledge, critical thinking tendency, and problem-solving ability than in the existing simulation exercise. Conclusion: Being effective in enhancing the ability to provide evidence-based practice beliefs, competencies, nursing profession perspectives, and, especially in evidence-based practice knowledge, critical thinking tendencies, and problem-solving skills, it is necessary to link evidence-based education and existing simulation training.
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between self-efficacy in communication, flow, and nursing students’ competence in communication, and examined the effect of self-efficacy on communication, and the effect of flow on competence in communication. Method: Data of 123 fourth-year nursing students were collected using structured self-report questionnaires in simulation-based education. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Self-efficacy in communication, flow, and competence in communication were positively correlated. The final regression model showed that self-efficacy in communication and flow accounted for 31.4% of the variance in predictions of competence in communication. Additionally, self-efficacy in communication was the most influential factor. Conclusion: The study supports a strategy to improve self-efficacy in communication and flow by improving nursing students’ competence in communication in simulation-based education.
Purpose: This study, as presented by Kern, Thomas, and Hughes , aims to verify the effectiveness of clinical inference education through digital storytelling programs based on Smith and Mann’s (2002) mobile education model in accordance with the six stages of the medical course development model. Based on the mobile education model of Smith and Mann (2002), the effectiveness of clinical reasoning education is verified through the mobile education program. Method: A single group pre-post test design that evaluates the clinical reasoning education effects of the mobile education program was used. Results: A statistically significant improvement was observed in clinical inference capacity from before intervention (t=-9.81, p<0.001); there was also a greater difference in the average value after intervention than before intervention in all of the results. Conclusion: This study suggests that while scenarios were constructed around five cases of high-risk Infant with respiratory and mechanical problems, in the future, additional scenarios should be developed to include different body systems.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of learner-directed debriefing based on the clinical judgement model (LDCJM) on nursing students’ critical thinking disposition, selfdirected learning, problem-solving ability, and debriefing experience after simulation. Method: This study used a quasi-experimental design with 38 sophomore nursing students from one university. They were divided into an experimental group (n=20) and a control group (n=18). Collected data were analyzed by the Chi-square, the Mann-Whitney U-test, and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test using the WIN SPSS 22.0 program. Results: The experimental group that had participated in the LDCJM indicated significantly higher self-directed learning (U=23.50, p<.001), problem-solving ability (U=94.50 p=.011), and debriefing experience (U=87.00, p=.006) when compared to the control group. Conclusion: The results indicate that LDCJM is an effective learning strategy to improve self-directed learning, problem-solving ability, and debriefing experience. Further study is needed to identify the effects of various debriefing skills.