Purpose: In this study, we developed an integrated simulation practicum and investigated the effectiveness of the practicum for senior nursing students. Methods: Sixty-seven senior nursing students from a university were enrolled in this study and assigned into two groups: experimental (n = 31) and control (n = 36). We developed and applied a 60-hour integrated simulation practicum that spans a 3-week period. The control group performed a traditional clinical practicum. The outcome measures were critical thinking disposition, clinical competence, and practicum satisfaction and the data were analyzed using the SPSS 23.0 software. Results: After the intervention, both experimental and control groups showed significant improvement in critical thinking disposition (p = .017) and clinical competence (p < .001) compared to those of the baseline. Regarding practicum satisfaction, the experimental group showed significantly higher satisfaction than the control group (p = .003). Conclusion: The integrated simulation practicum was an effective program that improved critical thinking, clinical competence, and practicum satisfaction in senior nursing students. To effectively improve critical thinking and acquire clinical competence, which are essential for prospective nurses, nursing students should be exposed more to simulation practicum that reflect environments similar to actual clinical settings for various patients with complex health problems.
Purpose: This study aimed to perform an integrated literature review to identify evidence for developing a problem-based learning (PBL) method based on a simulation education program for nursing students. Methods: In May 2022, 10 electronic databases were used to conduct a literature search using the keywords simulation, PBL, nursing, and education in Korean and English. Finally, 21 studies were selected. Results: There were more single-type simulation studies than studies using a hybrid model that combined two simulation types. Most simulation studies were for a single domain of adult nursing rather than for various integrated domains. Four studies (19%) applied a theory during debriefing, but most did not conduct a systematically structured debriefing. All studies selected attitude and competency as the outcome variables to study the effects of the intervention. Two variables (attitude and competency) or three variables (knowledge [or skill], attitude, and competency) were typically selected, and their effects were measured. Conclusion: PBL based on simulation education can be effective in improving nursing practice competency in nursing students. Future studies ought to develop interprofessional education programs based on PBL simulations through multidisciplinary cooperation.
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the readiness for interprofessional education and educational needs, develop a pediatric nursing clinical practicum program for interprofessional education, and evaluate its effectiveness. Methods: A survey of total 272 undergraduate nursing students and medical students and a focus group interview were used to explore the need of interprofessional education. An interprofessional pediatric nursing practicum program was developed. The program consisted of three sessions: orientation and ice break (1 h), holo-patient assessment (1 h), and 5 twins team-based learning (2 h). Effectiveness was evaluated among nine nursing and medical students. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, and the Wilcoxon rank-sum paired t-test. Results: The scores of readiness for interprofessional learning in nursing students were significantly higher than those in medical students. And the scores significantly increased after participating in the program (Z=-2.81, p=.005). The overall satisfaction with the program was 4.33 out of 5 points. Conclusion: The interprofessional education program had a positive effect on the readiness for interprofessional learning. This program can have a positive impact on patient safety and quality of care and can contribute to the expansion of nursing education through various teaching methods.
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of tabletop disaster simulation of nursing students’ disaster preparedness and core competencies on disaster nursing. Methods: This study employed a nonequivalent control group multiple time-series design. The experimental group (n=27) underwent a lecture and nursing simulation education program on disaster nursing. Control group (n=27) underwent only lecture a review on disaster nursing. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and repeated ANOVA and Bonferni test. Results: Disaster preparedness showed significant differences in groups by time (F=47.25, p<.001). Competencies on disaster nursing showed significant differences in groups by time (F=19.38, p<.001). Conclusion: This study showed that disaster nursing tabletop simulation education program was significantly effective in increasing disaster preparedness and core competencies on disaster nursing in nursing students.
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the learning immersion, learning satisfactory, and learning confidence differences after virtual and then laboratory simulations. Methods: A two-group cross-over design was used, and the participants included 148 senior nursing students (74 teams). The treatments had virtual and then laboratory simulations. The data were analyzed using independent t-test, repeated measures ANCOVA and Chronbach’s αcoefficient using the SPSS/ WIN 21.0 program. Results: Nursing students who experienced laboratory simulation after virtual simulation were different totally or partially with nursing students who experienced virtual simulation first in learning immersion, learning satisfaction and, learning confidence. Conclusion: Effects based on order of simulation were different. To increase learning immersion, laboratory simulation was done before virtual simulation. Learning satisfaction and learning confidence, it were not affected by order of simulation type but by number. Repeated studies require clearly investigating the effects based on order of simulation type.
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation education via the jigsaw cooperative learning on the knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, self-efficacy for group work, and self-regulation of baccalaureate nursing students. Methods: This one-group pretest-posttest experimental design study was conducted from April 20 to June 10, 2022. It included 27 baccalaureate nursing students. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test using Statistical Product and Service Solutions for Windows, version 25.0. Results: The results showed statistically significant improvements after the educational intervention program. The level of cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge (Z=-4.22, p<.001), cardiopulmonary resuscitation self-efficacy (Z=-3.84, p<.001), self-efficacy for group work (Z=-2.83, p=.005), and self-regulation (Z=-2.70, p=.007) improved significantly. Conclusion: These findings suggest the necessity of continuous cardiopulmonary resuscitation education and cooperative learning. Thus, it is necessary to conduct repeated studies on cardiopulmonary resuscitation education by applying various teaching methods for nursing students.
Purpose: This study aimed to development and test the effects of patient safety/infection control simulation program based on a brain-based learning framework for nursing students. Methods: This pilot study used a one group pre-post test design. The study was conducted in one university in Korea. Participants were recruited using a convenience sample. Fifteen nursing students participated in this study. Results: The levels of perception of importance of patient safety management (Z=3.41, p=.001), confidence on patient safety (Z=3.30, p=.001), attitude toward personal protective equipment (Z=3.10, p=.002), and efficacy of personal protective equipment (Z=3.35, p=.001) were significantly increased. Conclusion: The application of brain-based learning framework in nursing simulation could be an effective education for nursing students.