This research aims to find the information concerning nutritional status and food intake in Korean diabetic men. Thus, the survey was made on 202 NIDDM patients over 35 age at University Hospital. The data were analysed using F-test and mutiple comparison in SAS package program. Main results were as follows: Incidence of diabetes is high in their forties and fifties. Most of them are salary men, administrators, and proffesionals in middle class, who reside in metropolitan area including Seoul. They used to take light exercise and were founded NIDDM by subjective symptoms. 36.6% of them have other diseases simultaneously such as hypertension, cancer, etc. Food intake pattern prior to incidence was that intake frequency of grains, sugars, protein foods, and liking foods was higher than of proccesed foods. Amounts of calorie intake were shown to be lower than normal persons, so that it seemed to be controlled by doctors. In addition, the calorie ratio derived from fat was lower than RDA. Thus protein and carbohydrate ratio was relatively higher than RDA. Total mean fatty acid intake was 32.15g and it is no significance among weight groups in various fatty acid intakes. With respect to the physical standards of the diabetic men, weight, PIBW, BMI, BMM, TST, arm circumference, and waist/hip ratio were higher than in normal. Therefore it seemed that these factors would be related to the diabetics. From now on, it is reqiured to research the correlations of fatty acid intakes on the diabetes and their influence to serum lipid profiles.
Effects of metal chelating agents and metal ions on the volatile substance of cooked oil with chicken and pork mixture meat were examined by chemical analysis and sensory test. The addition of Na-tripolyphosphate(Na-TPP) to chicken and pork mixture meat increased the amount of H_2S among volatiles evolved during cooking but decreased that of volatile carbonyl compounds(VCC). This treatment enhanced meat flavor in cooked oil with chicken and pork mixture. It was recognized that the increase in H_2S evolution was caused by the rise of pH value. On the contrary cupric ion produced a negative effect on the production of chicken and pork mixture meat flavor and this addition increased VCC and TBA value. Other metal chelating agents such as citric acid, phytic acid and EDTA, provided the same results as Na-TPP. It was supposed that these phenomena were attributable to the chelating action to metal prooxidant in mixture meat. It could be concluded that a proper evolution of H_2S and protection against lipid oxidation during cooking were important to produce an excellent chichen and pork mixture meat flavor.