The reinforced concrete wall type apartments built before 1988 in Korea, which are rarely seen in other countries, were constructed using tunnel form method for convenience of construction. Tunnel form method, however, do not arrange bearing walls in the direction of long side of the apartment, and this results in little resistance capability against lateral loads in that direction. Consequently, there exists significant collapse possibility due to the formation of plastic hinge at the joints of wall and slab during earthquake. This study experimentally investigates the reinforcement methods using carbon sheet and L-shaped steel which were not seismically designed. The reinforcement method using carbon sheet and L-shaped angle, has following advantages; construction workability, usage of light-weight material, and little requirement for the installation room. The specimen with steel bar fill up using modified epoxy mortar in the mid-span of the slab shows the same stiffness as the standard specimen without reinforcement and the stiffness of the specimen reinforced by carbon sheets without L-shaped steel was increased by only about 13%, implying that those existing methods cannot provide significant reinforcement effects. For the specimens of which wall-slab joints were reinforced using both carbon sheet and L-shaped steel, the increase of stiffness ranges from 43% to 496% and the increase of energy dissipation amount ranges from 120% to 233%. Also it was identified that the linkage method using penetration bolts was more efficient than the one using expansion anchors in increasing stiffness, strength and energy dissipation capacity.
Earthquake resistant design was introduced to Korea in 1988 for tall buildings, in 1992 for highway bridges and even earlier than that for nuclear power plants. The apartments designed by large unit housing planning was constructed by tunnel form method for the construction convenient in 1980. As a results, many structures without any seismic resistance capacity were built during the 80’s. In this paper, to improve the seismic capacity in wall-slab joint, experiments which improve and retrofit a seismic capacity by steel reinforcing, unequal angle bracing, carbon sheet attachment are carried out. These methods also are economic and simple in mitigating seismic hazard, improving earthquake-resistance performance, and reducing the risk level of building occupants. Consequently these methods were confirmed its effectiveness in improving the seismic performance were confirmed its effectiveness.
Recently, there has been a tendency to use composite deck plates in high-rise building and apartment construction due to its cost efficiency and less installation time. The purpose of current study is to clarify structural performance of deck plate and further safety through carefully designed experimental program. In order to clarify bending capacity and joint continuity, specimens were divided for positive and negative moment and testing parameters are thickness of deck plate, slab thickness, and various reinforcements The results of experimental test are following; (1) When the thickness of deck plate is 1.0mm, the strength increased by 1.3~10.1%, and 2.0~3.5% comparing the case of 0.8mm deck plate thickness. The thickness of deck plate did not play significant role in terms of strength of the slab in both positive and negative moment tests. (2) The yield strength of slab in positive moment test, having 200mm slab thickness and D13 reinforcement steel, was increased by 28.4~34.8% comparing 160mm slab thickness and D10 reinforcement steel case. And 22.4~25.1% of yield strength was increased after install bottom reinforcement steel. (3) In negative moment test results showed that the increase of yield strength when the bottom reinforcement installed was 2.0~2.3% in 200mm slab thickness and 2.0~3.0% in 160mm slab thickness. In positive moment test, the increase of yield strength was 22.8~26.7% in 200mm slab thickness due to bottom reinforcement, and 11.4~20.5% in 160mm slab thickness. The reason being bottom reinforcement in negative moment contributes less amount of yield strength compare to positive moment location is that the bottom reinforcement resists compression force where the deck plate has enough strength already.