중공슬래브 시스템은 슬래브 중앙부의 콘크리트를 경량의 중공재로 대체하여 중량은 감소시키면서 동등한 수준의 구조성능을 지니는 경제적인 시스템이나 콘크리트 타설 시 비중의 차이로 중공재가 부상하게 되는 문제점이 발생한다. 이에 본 연구에서는 중공슬래브 공법에 적용 가능한 경량성형재 고정장치를 고안하고 부력저항성능을 평가하고자 하였으며, 고정성능 평가를 위해 정해진 실험방법이 존재하지 않으므로 이를 검증하기 위해 인발실험장치를 제작하였다. 시공 시 본 장치를 설치하는 과정에서 발생 가능한 변수를 기준으로 실험을 수행하고자 하였고 이에 합판의 상태 및 고정 위치에 따라 변화되는 고정성능을 파악하고자 하였다. 인발 실험 결과 일반합판과 비교하여 코팅합판의 경우 구멍의 크기가 중공재 고정장치의 인장성능에 큰 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타나 작업자의 편의 및 내력 확보의 안전성을 위해 코팅합판을 사용하는 것이 유리한 것으로 판단된다. 또한 고정 위치와 무관하게 동일한 수준의 고정성능을 지니는 것으로 보여져 설치 상태에 대한 별도의 확인 과정 없이 슬래브 상부에서 원터치 방식으로 고정 가능하므로 시공성이 향상된 것으로 사료된다.
In this study, Rebar of SD500, SD600 is applied to the designed or constructed in domestic apartment. Analyzed the variation of the rebar according to the strength of the rebar and the construction cost of the change. Reinforced volume reduction of the apartment building is less than the other. Because, A low wall of rebar reduction is more than 50% of the total. The reason for the previous, Reduction of the quantity of horizontal reinforcement does not appear and Vertical rebar reinforcement than the stress is determined by the placement of rebar in which the upper floor.
Shear test on hollow-core slabs that using board-type lightweight materials is performed. Lightweight materials are positioned in the slabs, it separate into two parts vertically. It is possible that each parts act independently and the concrete columns, in the middle of slab, can resist this action. Thus we have to check horizontal shear force on part-column connection besides vertical shear force. Also effective cross-sectional area shear force which is considered by existing study is checked.
In this technology, To improves the performance of deflection of the slab reduces floor impact noise in downstairs without structural work in vulnerable to floor impact noise in Aged Apartment Houses. The finite element analysis results showed the performance improvement of slab when compared with the existing technologies and Predict the result of the excellent affordability and constructability.
In this study, Rebar of SD500, SD600 is applied to the designed or constructed in domestic underground parking. Analyzed the variation of the rebar according to the strength of the rebar and the construction cost of the change. Most of underground parking appear reduction of Rebar ratio. In this case, the load acting on the underground parking garage is large. So, Rebar placing is dominated by element's stress. Therefore, Large amounts material of slabs, beams and foundations are reduced. In case of columns and wall, Ratio of Material reduction is less than former. Because Splice and Anchorage of rebar amounts are increased and Hoop and horizontal rebar amounts are fixed. Percentage of rebar of the column and wall are 15%. So, Showed a less impact on the reduction of total material.
Strength bar has merits in workability improvement, construction time shortening and connection details to be easy. But, lap splice length tends to be longer. In this study, high strength threaded bar will be reviewed whether it is appropriate in domestic standards by KCI concrete structural criteria and propose the mechanical splice.
Recently, a market of architecture is requiring buildings of long spanned structures as most buildings become taller and larger. For being long spanned structures, elements of buildings must be light. As an alternative proposal, various hollow-core slabs and flat plate salbs were developed and used frequently in the inside and outside of the country. But the study of the hollow-core slabs using deck plate and assembly of light weight is the first. In the present study, Flexural and vibration tests were performed on the hollow-core slabs using deck plate and assembly of light weight to investigate the flexural behavior and serviceability. Four test specimens were used for test parameters; one hollow-core slab with an assembly of light weight, and three hollow-core slabs with deck plate and an assembly of light weight. The test parameters also included amount of tension bar and existence of shear reinforcement. The test results showed that the hollow-core slabs with deck plate and an assembly of light weight had a crack of shear, so shear reinforcement must be conducted.
Recently, practical application of high tension bar is attempted. The main object of using high tension bar is strengthening of material property and decreasing of steel amount. If using high tension bar which is not a definite yield strength，according to strain ratio of high tension bar tensile and compressive dominate mode ciearly, there being a possibility dividing becoming difficult. Specially, Providing steel ratio of balanced destruction is very difficult. In this study, high tension bar to apply to flexural member and the behavior experiment bending after one, will consider high tension bar the application possible standard of existing.
Most of the school buildings were built before the seismic code was established. To consider the sunlight and ventilation to the partition walls are built about 1m height beside columns at typical school buildings. For the reason, columns which is consisted school building occur brittle failure shape by the reduced effective depth. In this study, experimental test for retrofitting effect by Aramid Fiber Reinforced Polymers(AFRP) strips on masonry infilled reinforced concrete(RC) frames is performed. The test results were to ensured enough time to evacuate due to the enhancement of ductility and strength of school buildings to withstand earthquakes using AFRP strips .
In this paper, a new waffle-shaped(WAS) precast concrete panel was developed through the geometrical modification of the conventional double tee panel. It is a one-way joisted panel with a shallow depth and a boxed shape by wide edge beams. To investigate the structural performance of the connections between W AS panels, loading tests called by WIW were performed at the connections along short edges of two WAS panels. WIW tests were executed according to two different width of shear key(50mm and 80mm) and three types of reinforced topping concrete(wire-mesh alone, wire-mesh plus HD 10, and wire-mesh plus HD13). As a result, the grouting width of shear keys did not act on the ultimate behaviors significantly, and the flexural strength of WIW connections along the long edges of W AS panels was superior to nominal flexural strength. The connections with proper details of steel reinforcement can distribute the positive bending moment at mid-span of W AS panels to the negative moment, which is useful for efficient member design.
LCVA has an advantage that its natural frequency can be easily controlled by changing the area ratio of the vertical column and horizontal part. The previous studies investigated the dynamic characteristics of the LCVA under harmonic load. This study experimentally obtained the first and second mode natural frequencies of the LCVA from shaking table tests using white noise and compared the values with the ones by previous study. Test results show that the measured first mode natural frequency of the LCVA is larger than the calculated one when the area ratio is larger than 1. The second mode frequency increases with the increasing area ratio, which is due to the sloshing motion effect resulting from the large area of the vertical column.
In order to obtain the flexural and shear performance capacity of newly developed WAffle Slab(WAS) System, 14 full-scale 1.98mx10.00m specimens were tested under monotonic load. The Flexural performance was observed and compared with the conventional double-tee slab system using the test result. The shear performance was observed W AS slab using the test result. lt was confirmed that WAS system has enough flexural and shea capacity to carry the design load. Destruction features of test result, it appeared with bending destruction on the whole. According to steel wire increase, tolerance force's also increased. But steel wire increases to follow, it appears brittle destruction aspect. Case of shear test, the stirrup interval to be narrow maximum load appeares the tendency which comes to be destroyed.
본 연구에서는 지진하중을 받는 탄성 및 비탄성 구조물에 대하여 수동 및 준능동 TMD의 지진응답제어성능을 평가하였다. 먼저 기존의 연구에서 제안된 식을 사용하여 최적 설계된 수동형 TMD와 본 연구에서 제시된 준능동 TMB가 설치된 탄성 구조물의 변위스펙트럼을 구하였으며, 준능동 TMD가 TMD보다 작은 스트로크를 가지고도 최대변위응답제어에 있어 우수함을 확인하였다. 또한 구조물의 주기와 TMD의 주기가 일치하지 않은 경우의 성능저하에 대한 TMD의 강인성을 평가하였다. 최종적으로 Bouc-Wen 모델을 사용하여 모사된 비탄성이력 특성을 가지는 구조물에 대한 수치해석을 수행하였으며, 이를 통해 탄성구조물에 대하여 최적화된 수동형 TMD의 성능은 구조물 응답의 비탄성이력 부분이 증가함에 따라 크게 저하되는 반면 준능동 TMD는 수동형 TMD보다 약 15-40% 정도의 더 많은 응답감소효과를 가짐을 확인하였다.
In order to identify the exact behavior of corbel section, the horizontal force acting on corbel section should be considered as well as the vertical force. In this study, a new corbel section, which is economical and easy to construct, is developed by evaluating the exact strength of the section. Experiments were performed to verify the strengths of the proposed sections comparing with those of the currently used section. The summary of the experiment results are as follows: 1) In order to minimize the horizontal force effect, it was found that the use of pre-stressing was most effective, and that TB type corble section is a most efficient section in terms of economy and workability. 2) The experimentally obtained strength of corbel section matched well with that estimated using shear friction theory. Therefore, it is concluded that shear friction theory would be very useful if a precise crack angle in the corble section, which is pre-stressed by PS strings and threaded bolts, is available.
In recently, the method estimated construction's defeat using the infrared thermography was prefer to method of new repair and estimate as a good point that simple of application and save labor, what is more economic than other techniques and can reduce need time. The purpose of this study is to develope the technique to measure the corrosion of reinforcing bars using the infrared thermal photography graphic data. In this page, the former final purpose establishment that galvanic corrosion method of reinforced bars and infrared thermography system, and studied trend of thermography and photography graphic data by parameters of corrosion of specimens, atmosphere temperature, concrete cover depth etc.
Recently the construction of residential building faces many difficulties due to the shortage of building materials and works. Simplifying the stage of processing and assembling reinforcing rods and increasing the efficiency of them in reinforced concrete construction can be used to settle the difficulties. In the respect, structural wire-fabric is utilized. The purpose of this study, instead of deformed steel bars, to examine the utilization of slab joint, which is accompanied with a large deformation in the structure subjected to seismic loads, to suggest reinforcing method which is efficient, easily constructible and structurally safe. The results are as follows ; 1. The ductility capacity of slab reinforced by welded wire fabric was less than with deformed bar in discontinuous slab joint. To enhance the ductility capacity, deformed bar should be used with welded wire fabric for the longitudinal reinforcement. 2. It is avoid to use loop welded wire fabric as the longitudinal reinforcement in wall, because the strength and ductility capacity showed lower value than that with deformed bar. 3. Using welded wire fabric in wall structures, it need deformed bar reinforcement with sufficient anchorage length.
Recently, there has been a tendency to use composite deck plates in high-rise building and apartment construction due to its cost efficiency and less installation time. The purpose of current study is to clarify structural performance of deck plate and further safety through carefully designed experimental program. In order to clarify bending capacity and joint continuity, specimens were divided for positive and negative moment and testing parameters are thickness of deck plate, slab thickness, and various reinforcements The results of experimental test are following; (1) When the thickness of deck plate is 1.0mm, the strength increased by 1.3~10.1%, and 2.0~3.5% comparing the case of 0.8mm deck plate thickness. The thickness of deck plate did not play significant role in terms of strength of the slab in both positive and negative moment tests. (2) The yield strength of slab in positive moment test, having 200mm slab thickness and D13 reinforcement steel, was increased by 28.4~34.8% comparing 160mm slab thickness and D10 reinforcement steel case. And 22.4~25.1% of yield strength was increased after install bottom reinforcement steel. (3) In negative moment test results showed that the increase of yield strength when the bottom reinforcement installed was 2.0~2.3% in 200mm slab thickness and 2.0~3.0% in 160mm slab thickness. In positive moment test, the increase of yield strength was 22.8~26.7% in 200mm slab thickness due to bottom reinforcement, and 11.4~20.5% in 160mm slab thickness. The reason being bottom reinforcement in negative moment contributes less amount of yield strength compare to positive moment location is that the bottom reinforcement resists compression force where the deck plate has enough strength already.
Recently the construction of residential building faces many difficulties due to the shortage of building materials and works. Simplifying the stage of processing and assembling reinforcing rods and increasing the efficiency of them in reinforced concrete construction can be used to settle the difficulties. In the respect, structural wire-fabric is utilized. The purpose of this study, instead of deformed steel bars, to examine the utilization of slab joint, which is accompanied with a large deformation in the structure subjected to seismic loads, to suggest reinforcing method which is efficient, easily constructible and structurally safe. The results are as follows ; 1. The ductility capacity of continuous slab joints reinforced by welded wire fabric is less than that with deformed bar. But continuous slab joint is reinforced by deformed bar for the longitudinal reinforcement, it is increase strength and ductility capacity. 2. It is recommended that simple cut jointing of welded wire fabric should be avoided in wall-wall joints.