In this study, Rebar of SD500, SD600 is applied to the designed or constructed in domestic underground parking. Analyzed the variation of the rebar according to the strength of the rebar and the construction cost of the change. Most of underground parking appear reduction of Rebar ratio. In this case, the load acting on the underground parking garage is large. So, Rebar placing is dominated by element's stress. Therefore, Large amounts material of slabs, beams and foundations are reduced. In case of columns and wall, Ratio of Material reduction is less than former. Because Splice and Anchorage of rebar amounts are increased and Hoop and horizontal rebar amounts are fixed. Percentage of rebar of the column and wall are 15%. So, Showed a less impact on the reduction of total material.
In this technology, To improves the performance of deflection of the slab reduces floor impact noise in downstairs without structural work in vulnerable to floor impact noise in Aged Apartment Houses. The finite element analysis results showed the performance improvement of slab when compared with the existing technologies and Predict the result of the excellent affordability and constructability.
I selected a hypermarket as a research target by investigating energy consumption and total area of each 11 hypermarkets and suggested energy saving key elements by analyzing the cooling and heating loads. I completed a calibrated simulation model by searching literature, site survey and dynamic simulation tool. I separated the energy-saving elements into architectural and facility sections by searching domestic standards as well as theses, and applied those elements to the calibrated simulation to calculate the energy consumption. Then I suggested energy saving elements that suitable for the hypermarkets by comparing each energy consumption of architectural and facility sections.
In this study, expedite curing period at curing temperature being 40, 60, 80℃ similar to strength of standard 28days curing temperature to confirm methods and applicability of early estimation of strength by warm water curing. Also, checked the effect related to different conditions such as using various kinds of material, differentiating quantity of material, with or without fiber mixing at same rate of water-bonding material. Existing method proposed by KS and JIS to estimate strength of 28 days standard curing temperature curing for 7days at 40℃ is not relevant because it takes so long to estimate strength. Already known method of estimating strength of 28days standard curing temperature curing for 3days in 60℃ warm water, too, is not relevant to apply 3day cycle of super high-rise. It also had the problem which didn’t consider fiber mixed concrete. According to the result of experiment, traits and rate of strength revelation were different relating to the kinds and quantity of bonding material. Strength value of mix without fiber was higher than that of mix with fiber, but without any relation to that, over 96% of similar confidence level with strength of 28 days standard curing temperature was shown in 7 days at 40℃, 3 days at 60℃, 2days at 80℃. Confidence level of estimation method of 2 days at 80℃ was similar to those of estimation methods of 4 days at 40℃, 3 days at 60℃, so it(2 days at 80℃) is regarded as the most relevant method because it’s possible to estimate strength fastly. As a result it can be said that early quality control of recently increasing super high-rise may be possible through estimation method of 2 days at 80℃.
This paper intends to review possible application in the high strength area through compressive strength estimation of the simulated high strength concrete member using Rock Test Hammer and suggest it as a reference data for the strength estimation technique of the ultra high strength concrete in the future. From the results of test, in the low strength area less than 15MPa and normal strength area in 15∼60MPa, as shown on the existing studies, it is indicated that P Type Schmidt Hammer in the low strength area and N Type Schmidt Hammer in the normal strength area have high correlation of rebound-compressive strength. As the Rock Test Hammer indicated more or less reduced accuracy in the low strength area and the normal strength area but high correlation on the high strength area (50∼100MPa) defined on this test, it is determined that it would be possible to make the fastest and simplest compressive strength estimation on the site where the high strength concrete is applied. As was resulted above the experiments, on the basis of the result of Rebound Hardness Method and Compressive Strength on the high strength area which is over 50MPa, the conclusion is drawn which is Fc=4.409e0.059R through regression analizing the relations of Compressive Strength which is based on Rebound Hardness Method.
In rapidly changing circumstances, the construction industry shows tendency to be more complicated and expanded and these changes are becoming the main factors aggravating uncertainty in straightening construction costs in the industry. The most important process in preliminary phase is calculation of appropriate construction sum and accurate estimation is required to accomplish it. Currently, local constructors draw up estimates by using the ‘per square meter’ calculation method or by applying of previous cases as they are. These methods become suppressive cause for making clear decisions by occurring errors in quantity survey in a way of data emission, replication and so on. Therefore, in this study, approximate estimation model of finishing construction shall be proposed to assist people to make prompt decisions in initial design stage. To develop this research, the existing quoting practices shall be presented and categorized by usage of space. To achieve this, information on performance, furnishings and unit price according to space definition has been collected in advance, which again enable ontology knowledge classification scheming database of space unit to be utilized and presented as knowledge information.