In this study, as a part of the seismic retrofitting for school buildings, proposed of a new type of rotary friction damper, reviewed the performance and developed a experiment formula for the practical application. The rotary friction damper was composed of 4 shear plane using 2 friction pad. Considering a variety of yield moment, it was designed that clamping forces can be applied. The number of bolts were 9, 13 and thε clamping forces were 8 levels that the maximum load is the standard clamping forces. ±20mm displacement of the cyclic loading test were performed. As a result, the records of friction damper were stable. But sliding was ensured if the stress is 10-15% of the relation formula of sliding load in KBC 2009 by the bolts joining. However, when it is designed of that were inserted additional members for implementation of friction, the design of the level of 10% of the formula in KBC 2009 will be possible. And the design equation that is converted into the moment-rotation is proposed for the detailed design.
The paper mainly discusses on the method how to save energy so as to follow the "Low Carbon and Green Growth" by the govemment and the Building Energy Efficiency Rating System. For the purpose of interior comfort as well as effective operation and management of buildings, this paper does basic research on development of elementary technology for saving the energy used in building. In this paper, the interior lighting control zone is selected to make a lighting control algorithm which takes the reduction of building energy into consideration for saving building energy when the building envelopes are replaced by the BIPV system.
In this study, prediction of later-age compressive strength of ultra-high strength concrete, based on the accelerated strength of concrete cured in hot water was investigated. Comparing other acceleration method, hot water curing method is relatively easy and intuitive to use in the real construction site. The amount of time for evaluation of the concrete strength using the hot water curing method in KS and JIS is too long to predict the strength of the ultra-high strength concrete that are used in the tall building structure. For that reason, curing temperature of 40, 50, 60˚c 3 levels were examined to shorten the amount of time for the evaluation of the strength. As a result, the feasibility of the three days hot water curing method was confirmed.
In case of general concrete, autogenous shrinkage is about 10% of the drying shrinkage. Therefore it was not considered significant to be a subject matter about managing the crack control and design. It was reported that cracks can be generated from the autogenous shrinkage. Because of the low W/B rate and the high unit binder of the high strength concrete. In this study, autogenous shrinkage and drying shrinkage are examined which is the main reason of the cracks of the high strength concrete based on the previous studies. Comparing the data from this study and previous studies, we developed the shrinkage reduced concrete using shrinkage reducing agent. The purpose of this study is to provide the data for reducing and managing the column shortening of the high strength concrete structures.
With the place which concentrates vertical traffic facility and equipment which are a core facility etc. there is in a building and with structure major role. The core is cold under effectiveness of the area and elevator system with security of the business space which is the relationship which is close in high office construction MIDAS GEN and used the identical construction infrastructure where the core location is different in order to influence is direct in dwelling environment animal power, shear force and moment it used structural analysis. It used a load standard and it compared after grasping a safety and a use characteristic, the core reaches in the building problem point the top class bringing up for discussion Drift Value and escape. The result which it analyzes with base there is recently to high office plan and it decides a core location to be, it presented in about plan of optimum. The central core in large scale and rough copy layer is suitable in the office, the case frame peripherally with the historical wall there is an effect which is stabilized with structure, the eccentric core in the small-scale office suitability but is disadvantageous evacuation facility and equipment establishment etc. The core in standard will grasp a stability in about durability and load of absence, it means it will be desirable to reflect to a high office building plan with the base which will reach.
Friction dampers using the flexural deformation of shear walls can be installed as coupling beam system between two adjacent walls of shear wall structures. To verify the seismic control performance of proposed friction dampers, numerical nonlinear analysis of shear walls governed by flexural behavior is conducted. Control effectiveness of shear walls connected by beams with the proposed dampers are compared for single shear wall with same flexural rigidity. Average responses of the shear walls with the dampers are found with seven scaled-downed earthquakes based on KBC 2005 design spectrum. Slip load is the most important design parameter. It is designed to be 5, 10, 20, 30, 60, 90% of total vertical shear force at damper location to prevent damper slip in specific stories. Nonlinear time-history analysis is conducted by using SeismoSturct analysis program. Seismic control performance of the dampers is evaluated for base shear, energy dissipation and top-floor displacement. Results show that the dampers are the most effective in reducing the responses when their total slip load is 30% of total vertical shear force.