Previous researches for increasing the durability of concrete structures examined the characteristics of concrete using glycol ether admixture, and determined the optimal addition rate and evaluated durability of concrete. However, today’ s ready mixed concrete uses various industrial byproducts in order to improve the performance of concrete, and the quality of concrete changes depending on the addition of glycol ether admixture and curing condition. Considering this, we need to understand the characteristics of curing methods according to field condition. Thus, the present study evaluated the effects of replacement with fly ash as a binder and curing conditions (temperature and humidity) on the performance of concrete, and obtained data from a mock-up test for the practical use of concrete containing glycol ether admixture. According to the results of this study, the concrete showed resistance performance of around 30% to carbonation and around 40% to drying shrinkage. In addition, as for resistance to freezing and thawing, the relative dynamic modulus of elasticity was over around 85% through atmospheric curing. These performances prove the effect.
Furnace slag powder used currently in Korea needs to add special functions in response to the increase of large-scale projects. In addition, it is advantageous in that it has a lower hydration heat emission rate than ordinary Portland cement and improves properies such as the inhibition of alkali aggregate reaction, watertightness, salt proofness, seawater resistance and chemical reslstance. However, furnace slag powder is not self-hardening, and requires activators such as alkali for hydration. Accordingly, if recycled fine aggregate, from which calcíum hydroxide is generated, and furnace slag, which requires alkali stimulation, are used together they play mutually complementary roles, so we expect to use the mixture as a resource-recycling construction material. Thus the present study purposed to examine the properties and characteristics of furnace slag powder and recycled aggregate, to manufacture recycled fine aggregate mortar using furnace slag and analyze its performance based on the results of an experiment, to provide materials on mortar using furnace slag as a cement additive and recycled fine aggregate as a substitute of aggregate, and ultimately to provide basic materials on the manufacturing of resource-recycled construction materials using binder and fine aggregate as recycled resources.
In this paper, a two-way tuned liquid mass damper(TLMD) using a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) and a rubber-bearing-type tuned mass damper(TMD) was manufactured for controlling two-way direction acceleration responses of a high-rise building structure. The proposed controlling device behaves as a tuned liquid column damper in one direction and as a tuned mass damper in the other direction. In this study, Performance evaluation of the downscaled model is conducted. The results show that the two-way controllability is behaved independently each other and realscale TLMD applicable to the high-rise building can be designed.
An experimental real-time hybrid method, which implements the wind response control of a building structure with only a two-way TLMD, is proposed and verified through a shaking table test. The building structure is divided into the upper experimental TLMD and the lower numerical structural part. The shaking table vibrates the TLMD with the response calculated from the numerical substructure，which is subjected to the excitations of the measured interface control force at its top story and an wind-load input at its base. The results show that the conventional method can be replaced by the proposed methodology with a simple installation and accuracy for evaluating the control performance of a TLMD
In this study, based on the results from the sinusoidal base excitation analyses of a single degree of freedom system with a tuned mass damper (TMD) , the optimal friction is computed so that the rail friction improve the performance of the TMD. The magnitude of the optimal friction increases with increasing mass ratio of the TMD and decreases with increasing structural damping. Particularly, it is observed that the optimized friction force gives better control performance than the optimized viscous damping of the TMD. However, because the performance of the TMD considerably deteriorates when the friction force increases over the optimal value, it is required to keep the friction force from exceeding the optimal value. Based on the results from this study, it is possible to economically design the TMD by avoiding the unconditional minimization of the rail friction and in some cases by removing the additional damping devices of which function can be performed by the rail friction.
The renovation project of an apartment building can be classified into four processes: ordering the project stage, planning stage, examination and judgment stage, design stage and construction stage. However, in the domestic renovation business, the project performance process has yet to be made systematic by stage. Of the stages involved in renovation, the design stage is the one that involves very complex roles and business processes of those involved in the project, including the project manager, architect，resident and engineer. In particular, in the design stage, the insufficiency in the ability to utilize the input information by project participants and improper decision making cause various problems in thε subsequent construction and ultimately make it difficult to accomplish a renovation project that fully satisfies the residents. Therefore, the design of renovation is a very important stage to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the project performance process as well as the recognition of the design management technology. For this purpose, we aim to provide design work process in integrated respects and the role and responsibilities of every participant in the project, subject to the renovation design stage.
The renovation project of an apartment building can be classified into four processes: ordering the project stage, planning stage, examination and judgment stage, design stage and construction stage. However, in the domestic renovation business, the project performance process has yet to be madε systematic by stage. Of the stages involved in renovation, the design stage is the one that involves very complex roles and business processes of those involved in the project, including the project manager, architect，resident and engineer. In particular, in the design stage, the insufficiency in the ability to utilize the input information by project participants and improper decision making cause various problems in the subsequent construction and ultimately make it difficult to accomplish a renovation project that fully satisfies the residents. Therefore, the design of renovation is a very important stage to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the project performance process as well as the recognition of the design management technology. For this purpose, we aim to analyze the information utilization process with focus on the input information at each stage of the design process. The information utilization process of this study is analyzed through the processes of input information, technical tools and output to establish a decision-making method for each design stage. The aim was to implement the project performance process for the general design management.
Over the past two decades a number of methodologies have been developed to efficiently evaluate seismic performance of existing buildings, which are briefly reviewed here. Building upon previous methodologies and experience using them as well as new lessons learned from earthquakes, FEMA-356 Prestandard and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, is the latest method which is reviewed in some what more in depth in this paper. FEMA-356 methodology uses performance-based engineering concept and provides the user with means to evaluate buildings for various rehabilitation objectives. Rehabilitation objectives are based on building performance levels - such as collapse prevention, life safety, immediate occupancy, and operational levels - and earthquake hazard levels. The methodology addresses building performance according to the performance of both the building structural elements and as well as nonstructural components. The structural elements and components are grouped to primary and secondary components. The primary components are those that provide the capacity of structure to resist collapse and secondary components are all other components that affect the lateral stiffness or distribution of forces in the structure. The primary and secondary components are evaluate dusing different acceptance. The hazard may be defined via published hazard maps and standard response spectrum fOTIns or via site-specific earthquake hazard assessment. The application of the FEMA-356 is demonstrated here by evaluating an existing concrete frame with steel roof building.