Shear test on hollow-core slabs that using board-type lightweight materials is performed. Lightweight materials are positioned in the slabs, it separate into two parts vertically. It is possible that each parts act independently and the concrete columns, in the middle of slab, can resist this action. Thus we have to check horizontal shear force on part-column connection besides vertical shear force. Also effective cross-sectional area shear force which is considered by existing study is checked.
In this study, Rebar of SD500, SD600 is applied to the designed or constructed in domestic apartment. Analyzed the variation of the rebar according to the strength of the rebar and the construction cost of the change. Reinforced volume reduction of the apartment building is less than the other. Because, A low wall of rebar reduction is more than 50% of the total. The reason for the previous, Reduction of the quantity of horizontal reinforcement does not appear and Vertical rebar reinforcement than the stress is determined by the placement of rebar in which the upper floor.
As the balcony expansion of residential building was legalized, the expansion generation is tend to increased continuously of existing residential building or condominium complex. But balcony is the service area. So, it is worried about defect occurrence of extension construction because thermal insulation effect is insufficient to balcony installed an aluminum sash. Therefore, it is desired the method to minimize the damage of performance improvement of the windows which has an influence directly on the performance defect. See-through a-si is effective to reduce the cooling loads and sunlight, to produce the electricity by installing a-si at the wall and windows of residential building. This paper has predicted producing electricity and have analyzed heating/cooling load based on balcony expansion and building-integrated PV installation in residential building.
Ultra high performance concrete which has recently been studied was developed to complement the brittle behaviour and dynamic uppermost limit of high strength concrete. Fiber reinforced concrete which mixed steel fiber is receiving attention as an alternative about this and is being developed to complement the disadvantages of high strength concrete including lower toughness coefficients and crack resistance and spalling in fires. Review about fiber reinforced ultra high strength concrete that this study tries to treat includes reduction of self shrinkage generated by high cement content per unit volume of concrete, evaluation of compression and tension strength to lower internal and external spalling resistance and fragility factors of member of framework, and flow characteristics of concrete which doesn't harden according to steel fiber amounts and used materials. As the result, the more fiber reinforcement increases, the more compression and tensile strength increase and deformation control of cement matrix and improvement of energy absorption ability showed the great effect in shrinkage reduction.
In this paper, a comparative cold weather concrete member test was conducted with gang form and euro form, which are generally used as forms for construction in Korea. Three members were fabricated for the comparative test: the member with the general gang form and euro form, the member with the existing insulation gang form on the outside and the general form on the inside, and the member with the existing insulation gang form on the outside and the newly developed insulation euro form on the inside. In this test, ready-mixed concrete with a nominal strength of 24 MPa that met a certain standard was cast in the cold weather concrete condition at a temperature of 0℃ (5℃ ～–5℃), which is lower than the cold weather concrete management standard temperature in Korea 4℃ mean daily temperature. The standard water curing compressive strength, core compressive strength and temperature history were measured and comparatively examined for the general gang form-general euro form and insulation gang form-general euro form members that were cured at a certain inside temperature, and for the insulation gang form-insulation euro form member that was cured without additional temperature control.