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        검색결과 312

        1.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this paper, as there are many cases of fires occurring due to the failure or inoperability of the thermostat of electronic products, the purpose is to test and analyze the risks and probabilities through fire cases and reproduction experiments, and suggest countermeasures. Among electronic products, water purifiers are composed of a refrigerant system with a compressor to make cold water, a heating device to make hot water, and an electric device used as an energy source. Due to the nature of the water purifier manufacturing, these devices are subject to a lot of moisture and dust. etc. exist in large quantities and use electrical energy, so there is a possibility of fire due to short circuit in the wire, electrical abnormal overheating (tracking phenomenon) in the thermostat, electronic board, starting relay, etc., and overheating of the heating device (Band Heater). there is. Therefore, in order to prevent fires from these devices, a system to remove foreign substances inside the water purifier is necessary, the use of heat-resistant (fire-resistant) wires for electrical devices is essential, and the use of non-combustible materials (semi-combustible materials) for each part is necessary to prevent fire. The risk must be eliminated through prevention and combustion expansion prevention devices.
        4,000원
        2.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Yeosu National Industrial Complex is one of Korea’s representative petrochemical industrial complexes where crude oil refining and petrochemical companies are concentrated. According to the results of the 2021 chemical emissions survey, during the process of manufacturing, storage, and transportation at the Yeosu National Industrial Complex, various hazardous chemicals, including hazardous air pollutants, volatile organic compounds and odorous substances are being emitted into the air, affecting the surrounding environment and the health of residents. The Ministry of Environment is applying strengthened standards by designating the Yeosu National Industrial Complex as an air conservation special measure area and establishing odor management areas to manage the air environment. Nevertheless, odor complaints continue to be registered and related complaints increase when turnaround work is carried out. Since air emissions are not counted during periods of turnaround as normal operations are temporarily suspended, it was difficult to establish policies to reduce odor complaints because the source of emissions and emission quantities cannot be ascertained with certainty. In this study, the extensive Yeosu National Industrial Complex was subdivided into 4 areas using a mobile vehicle equipped with PTR-ToF-MS capable of real-time analysis without sample pretreatment being carried out. Measurements were repeated during the day, night, and dawn while moving around the internal boundary of the plant and the boundary of each region where turnaround activities were being carried out. As a result, the recorded measurement for acrylonitrile was the highest at 6340.0 ppb and propyne and propene were measured the most frequently at 128 times each. Based on these results, it will be possible to help reduce emissions through process improvement by efficiently operating air measurement networks and odor surveys that conduct regular measurements throughout the year and providing actual measurement data to the plant. Also, it will help reduce odor complaints and establish systematic air management policies.
        4,500원
        3.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study aims to investigate the correlation between the causes of natural disasters and feng shui factors targeting disaster management experts, feng shui experts, and the general public who are interested in feng shui. To this end, it is intended to reveal that the factors of the disaster at Mt. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of three factors on disasters: feng shui factors, natural factors, and social factors. To this end, a survey was conducted targeting feng shui experts, disaster management experts, master's and doctoral students in feng shui geography, residents of the Umyeonsan disaster area, and people interested in feng shui geography. 260 copies of the questionnaire were prepared and 248 copies were used for the final analysis. First, in order to analyze the impact of feng shui factors on awareness of disaster occurrence, after controlling for demographic variables, hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted to analyze the impact of feng shui factors on awareness of disaster occurrence. Second, as a result of analyzing the effect of natural factors on awareness of disaster occurrence, looking at each independent variable in the second-stage regression analysis. Third, as a result of analyzing the effect of social factors on awareness of disaster occurrence, looking at each independent variable in the second-stage regression analysis. Finally, as a result of the T-test and Anova analysis conducted for discriminant analysis, if the p-value was less than .005, the F value for each group was obtained as a result of the ANOVA analysis on the feng-shui factors
        4,500원
        4.
        2022.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Forest fires in Korea usually start in the fall and occur every year until spring. Most wildfires are human resources that combine topographical characteristics and carelessness, and failure to respond in the initial stage and lack of cleanup are spreading to large-scale wildfires. In order to prevent these wildfires, active cooperation from the public is essential. As can be seen from recent wildfires, the attention of the public is needed above all else because large-scale wildfires in Korea are occurring due to the people's negligence. If a wildfire spreads and becomes large, it causes damage to life and property, and the damage is irreversible. In this study, various methods were used to prevent forest fires and improve initial suppression ability. In order to minimize damage, the model analyzed by the 119 Special Rescue Team in Gangwon, Chungcheong and nearby forest fires was analyzed on the combustion progress and wind direction by time period. The propagation speed by the wind direction was simulated. Until now, most of the wildfires have been extinguished by firefighting, but I hope that the Forest Service will take the lead and maintain coordination with related organizations.
        4,000원
        5.
        2022.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Mt. Umyeon is a low-altitude mountain near a residential area, and the actual forest area is not large due to the fact that development for use as a living green space is being completed and in progress across the mountain, so the buffering action for landslides was weak. The unit was located at the top of Mt. Umyeon, and there were reports of contents related to the military unit in some accident areas. Some experts suggested that the landslide that started on the cut side of the unit could be one of the causes of the landslide at Mt. Umyeon. It is presumed that there was a sudden collapse of trees that had fallen due to erosion inside the valley. In the case of the Umyeon landslide, localized torrential rain is the biggest cause, but the fact that it suffered a lot of damage is the result of no preemptive measures. In particular, it can be said that the damage was caused by the concentration of residential and commercial facilities due to the unplanned urban expansion without prior review of the feng shui geography of settlement areas. The important lesson we have learned is that we should recognize nature as living things and live in harmony and coexistence between humans and nature through understanding and cooperation. Adapting to changes in the environment can survive, but if it doesn't, it will be slaughtered. As such, geography influences changes in feng shui. Changes in feng shui have a profound effect on not only humans but also the natural ecosystem.
        4,200원
        6.
        2022.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Recently, in Korea, if a very large forest fire occurs due to the people’s carelessness, it is of great interest because it spreads into a large forest fire. If a wildfire spreads and becomes large, it will inflict great damage (appointment and property), and the damage is irreversible. The best way to extinguish a wildfire is to prevent it before it occurs. If a forest fire occurs due to a failure in prevention, the early firefighting activities to prevent the progress of the forest fire by promptly dispatching it by reporting it and approaching the site as soon as possible should now be managed with a systematic integrated management system. To do so, it is necessary to prepare a preventive system, such as issuing warnings for each weather condition by the Korea Forest Service, consisting of cooperation (support) activities for forest fire prevention by related organizations, etc. In order to minimize the loss of precious lives and forests, measures have been taken to establish a system, to establish a prompt and accurate situation reporting system, and to establish an integrated command system (ICS) for on-site commanders.
        4,000원
        7.
        2022.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Recently, the number of cases of fire spreading due to exterior materials of buildings is increasing. Due to the nature of modern architecture, which emphasizes the aesthetics of buildings, because buildings pursue a splendid appearance, they are inexpensive and have relatively good insulation performance, but an increasing number of buildings are adopting insulation materials that have poor fire safety performance. The risk of spread is also greatly increased. Since the exterior wall of a building is made of a variety of materials and structures, it is composed of a combination of several elements, including materials such as insulation and finishing materials. Therefore, it was determined that it was necessary to introduce a more systematic evaluation method for building exterior materials, and to improve the system reflecting this, away from the existing evaluation method that only checked the fire safety performance of finishing materials.
        4,000원
        8.
        2022.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Korea has the highest suicide rate in the world, and firefighters have the highest suicide rate among the professional population. As a result of the study, post-traumatic stress disorder education is essential in all occupations. Post-traumatic stress disorder is the most common disease and the biggest obstacle for firefighters in Korea. Firefighters who have suffered physical and mental damage in many types of disaster sites due to their extreme occupations are rapidly increasing the suicide rate in recent years. In order to maximize the effect of job training, education on post-traumatic stress disorder from new employees to leadership training is urgently needed.
        4,300원
        9.
        2020.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study analyzed ignition probability about Lithium-polymer batteries of what variously were being produced wearable devices recently. The study analyzed ignition probability by PCM(Protection Circuit Module) operating state and overcharged, over-discharged, exposed to high temperatures of Lithium polymer batteries, analyzing wearable devices on the market. Then it classified experimental results to implement analysis comparison about weight, X-ray imaging, battery decomposition. With these experiments, the study analyzed combustion-possibility and fire patterns. These statistics will be used to measure and verify the cause of a fire when identify wearable devices using Lithium-polymer batteries.
        4,000원
        10.
        2020.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This paper recognizes the risk of ignition of air fryer (machine that can cook fried dishes with hot air without oil) that is far exceeding the sales rate of microwave ovens, which is necessary to modern household kitchen, and identifies fire risk through the operation principle of the process of heat transfer, and the main structure of the machine. The fire test that we conducted is to observe the risk of ignition of the machine due to the damage to the safety system and the possibility of igniting oil paper along with food, to experiment with the possibility of ignition due to blockage of the exhaust due to obstacles, and accumulation of oil stains on the hot wire, and to present the method of fire control and devise countermeasures.
        4,000원
        15.
        2016.04 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        요즘 매일 같이 우리 주변에서는 크고 작은 재난사고가 발생하고 있다. 본 연구자는 매일 재난현장을 다니면서 늘 걱정해 왔던 부분이기에 이제는 효율적인 재난현장대응으로 국민의 생명과 재산의 피해를 최소화할 수 있도록 재난 환경변화를 감안한 재난현장출동 을 최적화하여 현장대응을 해야 한다고 생각 한다. 재난(화재)은 발생 후 골든타임(4분~6분) 경과 시 연소가 급속히 진행돼 건물진입이 어렵게 되 고 인명구조 기회를 상실하게 된다. 긴급신호시스템은 국민의 생명과 재산피해를 최소화시키기 위 한 긴급차량 도착 소요시간을 최소화시키고자 하는 시스템이다. 우리나라 긴급 대응체계 현황 으로 우리나라는 골든타임 도달률 32.8%(2009년)에 불과(우리나라 현장도착 평균 시간 은 8분18초(2009년 소방방재청) 소요되어 선진국에 비해 매우 미흡하며 몇 분 이내의 긴급차량 출동 시간 지연 여부가 생명과 안전에 직접적인 영향을 끼친다. 긴급차량이 교차로가 아닌 지역에서는 갓길 등을 이용해 빠른 진행이 가능하고 신호등이 있는 교차 로에 의해 차량이 멈추어 있는 지역에서는 긴급차량도 통과할 방법이 없어 대응시간 이 지연되어 생명과 안전이 위협당하고 있다. 도심지 교차로에 접근하는 긴급차량을 자동으로 감지하여 미리 신호등을 터뜨려주어 자연스러운 일반차량의 정지를 유도, 사고 를 방지하고 긴급차량을 무정차로 통과할 수 있으며 차량단말기와 무선통신을 통해 차량 GPS 좌표를 추적하여 접근 감지되면 신호기에서 접근방향으로 신호를 자동 전환 한 후 통과 때 까지 유지해 주는 시스템이다. 이를 위하여 본 연구에서는 소방차등 긴급차량의 접근성을 제약하는 교통상황 등의 환경적 요소로 인한 소방출동 장애요인 사례 및 설문조사분석을 통해 현행의 문제점을 파악하고, 도로상 장애요소를 극복하기 위한 법제도적인 개선안을 도출하고자 한다.
        5,400원
        18.
        2015.11 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Over the past decade the maritime accident analysis casualties is 10 000 surpassed the persons marine accidents Due to the nature of government response alone is effective neither economic nor nor rich, well versed in local waters assess and advanced form through this site access to rapid private sector resource utilization civil and tube cooperation system building is the most effective and feasible Golden Time successful advanced marine structures within the system structure is possible
        4,600원
        19.
        2015.11 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        As the whole society grows insensible to its own safety, we keep having continuous big fires such as "Deagu Subway Arson Attack" and "The fire at a football training camp in Cheonan Elementary School." However, we fail to have at least a guidbook which contains minimal information regarding how to prevent big fires or arson attacks, moreover there isn't any educational system that allows the public to have a good habit for their safety. As for developed countries right after industrialization, the education on fire prevention and safety became mandatory for all schools and became one of their required school curriculum. If this becomes the case in Korea, Korea will be able to reduce the potential casualties in case of big fires and emergencies. Therefore, in this research, we would like to establish some appropriate measures and standards for fire prevention and safety based upon the current and immature situations in Korea.
        6,100원
        20.
        2015.04 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Special Conditions of the ship are required to establish sufficient prevention and preparation for emergency escapes, due to their limitations to escape on the presence of the sea and the lake. In the rapid ship fire as an accident at sea, it is hardly predicted to take time for rescue team and so the emergency plan should be established until rescued. Especially the passenger ship transporting many people, such as Sewal ship accident should be emphasized to establish the prevention and training plan for the ship fire.
        4,500원
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