본 연구의 목적은 냉연공장 폐수재이용을 위해 3단 역삼투시스템 사용시 각단에서의 투과특성을 조사하는 것이다 판틀형 모듈 7개를 사용하여 회수율이 75% 가 되도록 3단 (배열 : 4+2+1) 으로 구성하여 장기간에 걸친 pilot test를 통해 막오염 진행에 따른 각 단에서의 유량 및 수질변화를 조사하였다 실험결과 각 단 모듈 1개당 평균 투과수량은 운전초기에는 1단, 2단, 3단의 순서로 많았으나 운전시간이 경과하며 막오염이 진행됨에 따라 1단은 감소하는 반면 2단은 거의 변화가 없고 3단의 투과수량은 증가하였다 즉 막오염은 주로 1단에서 발생하며 점차 2단. 3단으로 진행되는 것을 확인할수 있었다. 한편 투과수 수질은 예상한 것과 같이 1단이 가장 우수하였고 다음으로는 2단, 3단의 순서였으며 막오염에 영향을 받지않았다.
The aim of this study was to investigate the nutrient removal using Mg-Sericite flocculant in the dyeing wastewater. Mg-Sericite flocculant was removed successfully > 98% of the Color, SS. COD and BOD in the dyeing wastewater at the following optimal Mg-Sericite dosage: 100 mg/L for Colour and SS, 300 mg/L for BOD and COD. The removal of TN and TP was obtained 92.00% with 50 mg/L and 87.80% with 100 mg/L Mg-Sericite dosage, respectively. These results was indicated that the amount of 0.79~1.31, 0.22~0.37, 0.5 and 0.16 mg/L Mg-Sericite was necessary for 1 mg/L removal BOD, COD, TN and TP, respectively. The biopolymer, Mg-Sericite, can be a promising flocculants due to its high efficiency and low dose requirements. In addition, Mg-Sericite does not contaminate treated wastewater, which can be recycled to reduce not only the cost and the demand for water but also the extra operational costs for reusing wastewater. This flocculation method is helpful to lower the wastewater treatment cost.
This study was conducted to investigate the treatment of wastewater from acetaldehyde manufacturing plant by activated sludge process with Micrococcus roseus AW-6, Micrococcus luteus AW-22, Microbacterium lacticum AW-38 and Microbacterium laevaniformans AW-41. The COD_Mn and BOD_5 of the wastewater were 5,260㎎/L and 6,452㎎/L, respectively. pH was 1.85. The main organic component in the wastewater was acetic acid which was contained 67,600㎎/L. Optimum dilution time for activated sludge process was shown 10 times. The specific substrate removal rate(K_e) was 1.95day^-1 and the nonbiodegradable matters(S_n) were 23.2㎎/L. Saturation constant (K_e) and maximum specific growth rate(q_max) were 1,640㎎/L and 2.33day^-1, respectively. Sludge yield coefficient(Y) and endogenous respiration coefficient(K_d) were 0.28㎎ MLVSS/㎎COD and 0.02day^-1, respectively. COD_cr removal efficiency was 91% for 1.95day of hydraulic retention time.