본 연구는 에너지 저장 응용을 위한 PVI-PGMA/LiTFSI 고분자 막 전해질 및 CxNy-C 유연 전극의 합성 및 특성 에 관한 연구이다. 이중 기능을 갖는 PVI-PGMA 공중합체는 우수한 이온 전도성을 나타내었으며, PVI-GMA73/LiTFSI200 막 전해질은 1.0 × 10-3 S cm-1의 최고 전도도를 달성하였다. CxNy-C 전극의 전기화학적 성능을 체계적으로 분석하였으며, C3N2-C는 나노와이어와 다면체로 구성된 높은 연결성을 갖는 하이브리드 구조와 이중 Co/Ni 산화물을 포함하여 풍부한 산 화환원 활성 부위와 이온 확산을 용이하게 하는 특징으로 인해 958 F g-1의 최고용량 및 최소한의 전하 전달 저항(Rct)을 달성 하였다. 흑연 탄소 껍질의 존재는 충전-방전 동안 높은 전기화학적 안정성에 기여하였다. 이러한 결과들은 고성능 에너지 저 장 장치인 슈퍼커패시터 및 리튬 이온 전지와 같은 첨단 에너지 저장 장비에 PVI-PGMA/LiTFSI 고분자 막 전해질과 CxNy-C 전극을 활용하는 잠재력을 보여주었으며, 지속 가능하고 고성능의 에너지 저장 기술을 더욱 발전시키는 길을 열어가 고 있다.
본 연구는 울산권 4개 용수댐에서 서식하고 있는 어류상과 생태계교란 생물로 지정된 블루길에 대한 개체군 특성을 파악하고 기초자료를 제공하는데 목적을 가지고 시행되었다. 울산권 4개 용수댐 및 주변지류에 서식하는 어류를 대상으로 2016년부 터 2017년까지 연구를 실시한 결과, 총 9과 28종 1937개체가 확인되었으며, 한국고유종은 6종(고유화율 21.4%), 외래종 4종, 생태계교란 생물 2종이 조사되었다. 본 연구에서 확인된 어류의 개체수를 기준으로 우점종 및 아우점종을 확인한 결과, 우점종은 블루길, 아우점종은 치리로 확인되었다. 블루길 개체군의 연령구조를 조사한 결과, 울산권 4개 용수댐은 만 1~2년생 의 개체군이 많이 확인되었으며, 개체군이 빠르게 성장하고 있는 단계로 판단된다. 또한, 블루길 개체군의 전장-체중 관계식 및 비만도를 분석한 결과, 울산권 4개 용수댐의 전장-체장 관계식은 회귀계수 b값이 3.0보다 크게 나타났으며, 블루길 개체군이 서식상태가 양호한 것으로 판단된다. 비만도는 기울기 값이 양의 값을 보이며, 성장상태가 비교적 양호한 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구결과는 울산권 4개 용수댐에 서식하는 블루길 개체군의 동향 예측을 파악하는데 유용한 자료로 활용될 것으로 본다.
In development of high speed Rigid conductor line(R-bar) over 250km/h, it is important to develop the method to anticipate the mechanical stability of the R-bar and of the transition structure which connects the flexible Overhead Contact Line. To do this, firstly, the FE(Finite Element) model for a transition structure was established and the initial deformed configurations due to gravitational force is obtained by a static analysis and the pantograph was modeled by a simplified mass-spring-damper system and the contact behavior between conductor and pantograph was defined by the penality method. Secondly, FE analysis results were reviewed with the test results of contact force between conductor and pantograph at the low speed of train. Finally, using the established analysis method, the evolution of contact forces was performed for a newly designed high speed R-bar and for its transition structure.
Wire rods having various sectional shape are generally used in various applications. In a 2-roll shape rolling process, step-by-step rolling operations are executed repeatedly and the rollers must be changed whenever the sectional shape of wire rod is changed. The frequent changes of the rollers and discontinuous repeated operations are cause various shortcomings such as increase of manufacturing cost and reduction in precision. We had developed a high precision automatic wire rod manufacturing system to reduce these shortcomings in the previous study. In this study, we evaluated the field application performance of the developed system in terms of straightness, thickness deviation, surface precision, tensile and hardness of the wire rod in order to verify the feasibility of the system.
The purpose of this study is to improve a process of the automatic manufacturing system for producing a phosphor bronze wire developed the previous study. For this purpose, the authors have improved the manufacturing process, such as wire tension control, discoloration, winding and the control appears as a problem when the automatic manufacturing system applied to the field. Also, performance tests for the developed system such as the straightness, tensile strength, hardness, diameter deviation, discoloration have been performed. As a result, we could product the 0.35mm of phosphor bronze wire with continuous processes. The performance of the prototype system satisfies all the objects of this study.
In our country, the number of coffee shops has steadily increased, reaching approximately 15,000 in 2013 from 1,254 in 2006. Adding to increase of coffee shops, customers' preference of roasted beans and extraction to ready-made coffee or instant coffee has lead to rapid expansion of roasted coffee market. In this study, a prototype of the ultrasonic automatic packer that is consist of coffee beans input device, coffee beans filling device, filter paper input device, vertical & horizontal ultrasonic sealing device, conveyor input device, input sealing device of outer packaging, cutting device, and control system besides related devices has been designed and produced.
The purpose of this study is to develop the automatic manufacturing system for producing a phosphor bronze wire. Automatic continuous manufacturing system is necessary to raise the productivity and strengthen the competitiveness in the phosphor bronze wire manufacturing. For this purpose, the authors carrying out the design and production of devices such as raw material supply, drawing, heat treatment, winding and main control system, etc. As a result, we could product the 0.35mm of phosphor bronze wire with continuous processes.
The purpose of this study is to develop the automatic water wank for rural living water with a built-in filter device. For this purpose, the author carrying out the design and production of devices such as a stacked plate filter, automatic water tank and water purification equipment, main control system and solenoid valve, solar cell, battery, water gauge, flowmeter and pump, etc. As a result, the author obtained very good results which satisfy all the research and development objectives planned. In addition, the water quality test results received, it is determined that the water is suitable for rural living water standards of the developed prototype.
Wire rods having various sectional shape are generally used directly in various applications. In the shape rolling, a couple of grooved rollers are used and the groove match the sectional shape of the wire rod. In this 2 roll system, a couple of rollers must be changed whenever the sectional shape of the wire rod is changed, and the frequent changes of roller cause rise of manufacturing cost. In this study, in order to apply a highly precise 4 roll rolling mill developed in previous studies on the shape rolling manufacturing process, the raw wire feeding equipment, 2 roll rolling mill, turks Head rolling mill, large heat treatment equipment, a steam cleaning equipment, a large winding equipment, cooling equipment, a tension adjustment equipment, designed and manufactured to the main control system. In addition, the problems corrected throughout these various equipments for manufacturing high-precision automatic rolling mill system developed by assembling more than six months and was conducted between complementary and testing process.
As the hydrofluoric acid leak at Gumi-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do or hydrochloric acid leak at Ulsan demonstrated that chemical related accidents were mostly caused by large amounts of volatile toxic substances leaked due to the damages of storage tank. The purpose of this study was to develop PFA lined bottom drain ball valve for using in semiconductor, LCD manufacturing fields, pharmaceutical and others. For this purpose, modeling and design of PFA lined bottom drain ball valve, casting mold and casting production, design and manufacturing of lining mold, design and manufacturing of lining jig, PFA forming and assembly have been carried out for 50A×25A PFA lined bottom drain ball valve. In addition, a performance test was performed for the pin hole, density, tensile strength, elongation and elastic modulus of the developed prototype. As a result, the performance of the prototype valve satisfies all the objects of this study. Also, the developed valve was a very good performance compared with conventional 50A×25A imported valve with the same size.
Wire rods having various sectional shape are generally used directly in various applications. In the shape rolling, a couple of grooved rollers are used and the groove match the sectional shape of the wire rod. In this 2 roll system, a couple of rollers must be changed whenever the sectional shape of the wire rod is changed, and the frequent changes of roller cause rise of manufacturing cost. We developed a 4 roll wire rolling mill that reduce the disadvantage of 2 roll rolling, at the same time improving quality of the wire rods and reducing production costs. The present work is focused on the development of a high precision 4 roll wire rolling mill for the wire rods that have various rectangle sectional shape.
The electromagnetic interference(EMI) shielding sheet of grid pattern for the wireless charger has been designed by using grid pattern metal sheet, PET & DST stacking and laminating technology. For this purpose, the twisting protection and the bubbling prevention device, the automatic position adjustment controller, the visual sensors and the motor actuator for controller, the EMI shielding sheet cutting device and the main control system have been developed for manufacturing the apparatus. As the study result, the development on manufacturing the equipment and shielding sheet of the EMI shielding sheet of grid pattern for the wireless charger having the lamination productivity of 27.4m/min exceeded the target of 8m/min in this study. In addition, the magnetic induction and the applicable shielding sheet were prepared in the magnetic resonance system, all of the two wireless charging system. The power with a band of average 6.87MHz of shielding sheet was greater than the target of 30dB to 32.57dB. The available frequency with a band of average 7.95MHz the target was exceeded by a 7.00MHz.
The purpose of this study was to develop a grid forming equipment of the electromagenetic interference(EMI) shielding sheet for use in a wireless charger. In addition, the present study was to form a lattice in the surface of the thin metal ribbon to exert an electromagnetic wave shielding performance of the precision small electronic devices such as smart phones. For this, grid forming presses such as manual pressurized press, automatic pressurized press, heat pressurized press, and continuous grid forming equipment with cylinder roll type, and a grid inspection and grid uniformity inspection devices have been developed. Finally, the cylindrical roller-type continuous grid forming equipment showed the best suited.
In this study, the horizontal automatic scum remover with buoyant type is developed to reduce the cost of facility and is suitable for unit-process automation. This system is consist of the scum collecting box, leveling device for scum collecting box, drive device for scum collecting box, water level sensor and indicator, departure prevention device of scum collecting box, setting monitor, main control panel, etc. Performance tests for the system such as the accuracy of the scum thickness measurement, horizontal degree of the scum collecting box, scum removal time, accuracy of an unmanned control have been performed. The performance of the prototype system satisfies all the objects of this study.