This research is to numerically perform the optimal design of the shutter valves in the two-stroke engine by analyzing flow resistance with four different design shapes. Shutter valves were numerically analysed for four different industry-design based cases using ANSYS FLUENT V.14. At the result, it was found that the most design-effective case was case 4 with dimensions of 4.5 cm radius and 26 cm length of cylinder with a sphere of 6 cm radius in the valve. Pressure loss of three cases is between 0.70% and 6.48% when compared to case 1. However, 0.16% of pressure loss increased as the rotational speed of valve increased with 1 rad/s. Thus, at lower rotational speed, the case 4 was possibly optimal shape design due to the lowest pressure loss.
This study is to conduct the optimal design of the fluid mixing blades in the test fluid tank for sewage treatment process. The design was made with various shapes and angles of mixing blades. Fluid mixing blades in the tank are numerically analyzed with FLUENT V.13.0. Blade1 and Blade4 had the biggest fluid pressure difference of 8.1% around the blades. And, Blade1 and Blade3 had the least fluid pressure difference of 2.55%. The biggest turbulence kinetic energy of 12.5% existed around Blade1 and Blade4. Blade1 and Blade3 had the least turbulent kinetic energy difference of 4.8%. Blade4 is the optimal design shape due to the highest turbulent kinetic energy around the blades in comparison to the other cases.
Recently, as demand for Electric Car has been increasing, it has been a main factor that maximizing performance and ensuring the stability of the Electric Car battery to increase the reliability of Electric Car. Above all the study on thermal control in a big influence on the performance and battery life is growing in parallel. This study has compared cooling effect of an Electric Car battery between battery with Heat Sink and without Heat Sink for optimum design of Electric Car battery. Battery is simply modeled into four cells, divided into two cases of battery with Heat Sink that attached on the cell's side and without Heat Sink. And this research was conducted on forced convection. The battery which is designed by this way was numerically analyzed by CFX 14.5. Numerical results, revealed that the battery with Heat Sink was superior in terms of cooling effect. According to the numerical analysis by battery cell's temperature variations, the battery with Heat Sink turned out to be superior in cooling effect to the battery without Heat Sink.
In this study, we analysed the influence of the flow and performance of the generated micro gas turbine with different rotational speeds. CFD analysis was also performed using commercial code called ANSYS CFX 14.5. It adopted the turbine of radial flow type suitable for power generation for small rotating equipment. The number of blades was designed with each radial turbine 8, vane nozzle 14. The boundary layer flow analysis was widely used to the SST model. Mass flow rate of the turbine was 1.45 kg/s. While the rpm varies from 38,000rpm to 48,000rpm under various boundary conditions, the distributions of Mach number and pressure were numerically analyzed for electric power output, turbine isentropic efficiency. We analyze the inlet pressure, outlet temperature, electric power output, turbine isentropic efficiency. It compared maximum and minimum revolution through CFD analysis. Power output of maximum revolution has been increased 18% more than minimum revolution. Isentropic efficiency of maximum revolution has been increased 16.5% more than minimum revolution. Therefore, maximum power output was 332kW, amaximum isentropic efficiency was 33.2%.
Recently, car industry trend is downsizing, a lean-burn engine, green car and cost cutting. A turbocharger is the key components to improve fuel efficiency and power. This research is to study on the flow analysis in the performance analysis for change rotating speed of turbocharger turbine with three different rotating speed in the turbine. After measuring real design features, modeling, velocity distribution, pressure distribution and temperature distribution are conducted numerically. Torque and power are compared with three different cases in order to analyze the performance for turbine. Finally, optimum power is determined with the sequence of case 1, case 2, and case 3.
Recently, car pump market is positively growing in emerging countries as well as advanced countries. A increasing attention is recently drawn to electric vehicle but, still commercialization is expected to take a long time. This research is to study on the performance analysis for change in number of teeth of internal gear oil pump with three different numbers of teeth in the inner gear. After measuring real design features, modeling, velocity distribution and pressure distribution are conducted numerically. Pressure changes and volumetric efficiencies are compared with three different cases in order to analyze the performance for inner gears. Finally, optimum volumetric efficiency is determined with the sequence of case 1, case 2, and case 3.
In 3D games, the deferred rendering is an effective way in processing realistic visual effects using multiple render targets regardless of the scene complexity. In this paper, based on deferred rendering using multiple render targets, the 3D game visual effect techniques such as dynamic lights, specular, shadow, motion blur, and water shading are compared and analysed. The 3D game supporting deferred rendering is developed to evaluate various 3D rendering effects with variation of the size of the render target memory in terms of the rendering speed. The performance results show that the rendering speed of the 3D visual effect techniques with 4bytes render target memory is average 1.4 and 1.9 times better than those of 8bytes and 16bytes memories, respectively. Also, the shadow mapping with 2-pass plays the biggest role on the performance. Other techniques with 1-pass cause a negligible speed degradation.
This research is to investigate the performance analysis of methanol fuel cell for flow channel with four different types of the channel (Serpentine I, II, Inter-digitated, Parallel) in the fuel cell stack. Velocity, pressure, temperature and density distributions of fluid over the flow domain of the flow channel are numerically calculated for the optimum design of flow channel with uniform inlet velocity. According to better water discharge and mutual gas reaction with low pressure drop and high density difference between inlet and outlet in the flow channel, Serpentine I type is of highest performance of the flow channel shapes in the present methanol fuel cell models.
This research is to investigate the performance analysis of micro gas turbine for power generation with three different numbers of the nozzle vane in the micro gas turbine. Velocity, pressure. and temperature distributions of fluid over the flow domain of the turbine and turbulent kinetic energy of three different turbine blades are numerically calculated for the optimum design of turbine blade with two different rotational speeds of the turbine blade (10000 and 20000 RPM). Ultimately, the energy-efficient and maximum power-generated shape of the nozzle vane are determined through two different rotational speeds of the turbine with three shapes of the nozzle vane (6, 8, and 12 EA).
This research is to numerically investigate the flow analysis of thermopneumatic micropump with three different thicknesses of PDMS membrane in micropump owing to the thermal expansion with uniform heat flux in the PDMS membrane. Velocity, temperature distributions and flow rates over the flow domain with different membrane thicknesses in the micropump are numerically calculated for the performance evaluation of pressure increase in micropump with uniform inlet velocity and temperature. According to the calculations of local maximum velocity at outlet, higher thickness of PDMS membrane(500μm) give larger local velocity in the micropump and maximum local velocity occurred at the center of the micropump with respect to the axial direction.
This research is to investigate the flow characteristics of micropump with two different types of diffuser outlet in micropump (straight and round). Four different outlet diameters(1mm, 1.5mm, 2mm at straight type of diffuser outlet and single outlet diameter(1mm) at round type are utilized for the flow analysis of the diffuser in micropump. Velocity and pressure distributions of fluid over the flow domain are numerically calculated for the shape optimum design of diffuser in micropump with uniform inlet velocity and pressure. According to the calculations of local maximum pressure at diffuser outlet, straight type of diffuser with larger diameter of diffuser outlet is of highest flow energy performance of the flow channel shapes in the present micropump.
This research is to investigate the cooling performance analysis of the heat sinks for LED light with four different fin types and two different fin numbers (16EA and 64EA) of heat sinks. Temperature distributions of fins over the flow domain are numerically calculated for the optimum design of heat sink fin types with uniform initial temperature of the bottom of the fins. According to the calculations of convective heat transfer coefficient between fin and atmosphere in the flow domain, S-curve fin type of heat sinks with 64EA of fins reveals the highest cooling performance of the heat sink fin types in the present cooling heat sink model.
This research is to investigate the performance analysis of cooling fan of the IT and electronic device with two different blade types and three different blade numbers of the cooling fan. Velocity, and temperature distributions of fluid over the flow domain of the flow channel are numerically calculated for the optimum design of flow channel with uniform inlet velocity. According to the calculations of convective heat transfer coefficient between blade and atmosphere in the flow domain, case 2 with 6 blases type shows highest performance of the cooling fan shapes in the present cooling fan model considering manufacturing process and cost
This research is to investigate the performance analysis of fuel cell for flow channel with four different types of the channel (Serpentine I, II, Inter-digitated, Parallel) in the fuel cell stack. Velocity, pressure. and temperature distributions of fluid over the flow domain of the flow channel are numerically calculated for the optimum design of flow channel with unifrom inlet velocity. According to the calculations of low pressure drop between inlet and outlet in the flow channel, Serpentine I type is of highest performance of the flow channel shapes in the present fuel cell model.
This research is to study on the optimum design of the wind power generation blade with three different shapes of the wind turbine blade and three air input speeds (7, 10, 15m/s). In order to perform this numerical analysis, velocity, pressure, and temperature distributions of fluid over the flow domain of the turbine blade and also pressure coefficient and ratio of the Lift to Drag force are numerically calculated for the best design shape of blade using commercial CFD code. Finally, the energy-efficient and optimum shape of the wind turbine for power generation are determined with the sequence of case1, case2, and case3.
This research is to investigate the performance analysis of turbine for power generation with three different numbers of the nozzle vane in the turbine. Velocity, pressure. and temperature distributions of fluid over the flow domain of the turbine are numerically calculated for the optimum design of nozzle with two different rotational speeds of the turbine blade (1000 and 1500 RPM). Ultimately, the energy-efficient and maximum power-generated shape of the nozzle vane are determined through three different maximum Mach number of the flow with three shapes of the nozzle vane (10, 18, and 24 EA).
In this research, the heat and flow analysis in a condenser of vehicle HVAC system was investigated numerically regarding the different shapes of the condenser tube. The velocity, pressure, and temperature distribution of the test fluid(R-134A) inside the tube were numerically calculated for the optimum design of the condenser tube for two different length with four different inlet velocities. In addition, the local pressure and temperature distributions for total tube length were calculated and the variation of pressure drop of the R-134A with flow rate were also calculated numerically. The tube at case 1 with less curved elbows was determined for the better design than case 2 in the aspect of energy-effective shape of the condenser tube.
In this research, the flow and forced convective heat transfer analysis of HEV battery pack were investigated numerically regarding the different shapes of the inlet, outlet, and battery case. The velocity ,pressure, and temperature distribution of the fluid at the inlet part of the battery module were numerically calculated for the optimum design of the battery pack for three different inlet shapes of the battery module. In addition, the local battery temperature for height and width and convective heat transfer coefficient of the air inside the battery pack were numerically obtained. Ultimately, the circle shape of the inlet and outlet were determined for the energy-effective shape of the battery pack.
This research aims to investigate the flow analysis of LNG ship due to the different shapes of the ship front. Velocity and pressure distribution of fluid at the front portion of ship are numerically calculated for the optimum ship design of front with three different ship speeds for two different front shapes of ship. These numerical calculations are only applied for the immersed part of ship at the ocean. In addition, the coefficient of pressure drag and total drag are numerically obtained. Ultimately, the energy-efficient shape of LNG ship are determined through two different body shapes with three different ship speeds.
An experimental study was performed to determine the thermal conductivities of polymer aqueous solutions under static condition. Pseudoplastic fluids were considered as test fluids. A coaxial cylinder apparatus with a rotating outer cylinder and a stationary inner cylinder was installed to measure the thermal conductivities of the test fluid. First, the thermal conductivity of distilled water was measured to validate the instrument. The experimental water data agreed within 1% of literature values and there was no effect of outer cylinder rotation (shear field). In addition, for polymer aqueous solutions such as aqueous Carboxy-methyl Cellulose solutions, thermal conductivities were also in agreement within 5% of literature values for Carboxy-methyl Cellulose solutions depending on the polymer concentration and temperature.