Invasive predators are one of the most damaging species groups to biodiversity. In the Nakdong River, the lake skygazer Chanodichthys erythropterus is a dominant species that is fiercely carnivorous and a concern for commercial fish. Although it is important to understand the ecological characteristics related to the feeding habit, studies on the diets of lake skygazer in Nakdong River have been limited to studies of gut contents. In this study, the trophic position (TP) and feeding habits of C. erythropterus were studied by calculating TPs using samples collected from 13 sites throughout the Nakdong River. Compound-specific isotopic analysis of amino acids provided reliable TPs from the muscle of Lake skygazer C. erythropterus without any isotope baseline. The results were approximately 3 to 3.6 and suggesting a carnivorous but size-dependent prey variation. In particular, the TP variability of C. erythropterus observed in the Nakdong River showed that it had a selective feeding habit compared to carnivorous fish species of relatively similar trophic levels.
The objectives of this study were to analyze the fish community structures and distribution characteristics of fisheries resources in the Osip Stream and Wangpi Stream, fishery resources protection areas. For the study, we conducted fish samplings four times in the two streams from April to October 2019. In Osip Stream and Wangpi Stream, we sampled 31 species and 29 species and the dominant species were Zacco platypus (28.6%) and Squalidus multimaculatus (41.7%), respectively. According to the life type of fish species, primary freshwater species were collected 18 species (58.1%) and 21 species (72.4%), and migration fishes were sampled 4 species (12.9%) and 6 species (20.7%) in Osip Stream and Wangpi Stream, respectively. Fisheries resources species showed high relative abundance in June, and the fish biomass was highest in October. As a results of comparing the previous studies with this study, both rivers showed high biodiversity and were found to maintain stable populations of fishes. According to analysis of tolerance guilds, the proportion of tolerant species, based on the number of individuals, was composed of 14.4% and 1.1% in Osip Stream and Wangpi Stream, respectively. This very low ratio of tolerant species confirmed that both streams have very good physiochemical environment conditions. From the above results, it was judged that the fishery resource protection areas of Osip Stream and Wangpi Stream have high ecological function and preservation value. For sustainable use and management of fishery resource protection areas of Osip Stream and Wangpi Stream, it is suggested that biological disturbance management, fish discharge projects considering environmental capacity, efforts to improve the habitat environment, and establishing a fishery resource protection areas management system were necessary as considerations.
저층 침적 위험·유해물질(Hazardous and Noxious Substances)은 해저에 침적되는 위험·유해물질로 직접 및 광학 탐지 기법의 적용 이 어렵기 때문에 수중에서 효과적인 음향 탐지 기법 적용이 요구된다. 본 연구에서는 저층 침적 위험·유해물질인 클로로폼(Chloroform)을 이용한 후방산란신호 측정 실험을 통해 저층 침적 위험·유해물질 음향 탐지 가능성을 확인하였다. 제작된 아크릴 수조 내에 지점토를 이 용하여 웅덩이를 만든 후 Pan&Tilt를 이용하여 수평입사각을 90°에서 50°까지 0.5° 간격으로 변화시켜가며 클로로폼 유무에 따른 후방산란 신호 측정이 수행되었다. 송수신기를 단상태로 주파수 200 kHz, 신호길이 25 인 정현파 신호를 이용하여 송수신하였으며, 클로로폼 유 무에 따른 후방산란신호를 측정하였다. 클로로폼이 침적된 경우 수평입사각 약 80°이하에서 물과 클로로폼 경계면에서의 후방산란신호 수신준위가 작아지는 것이 확인되었다. 물과 클로로폼 경계면에서의 후방산란신호 측정된 결과를 통해 저층 침적 위험·유해물질 음향 탐 지 가능성을 확인하였다.