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        검색결과 239

        1.
        2024.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구는 국내의 세 품종 돼지에 대하여 혈통자료를 이용한 근교계수와 유전체자료를 이용한 근교계수를 분석하고 비교하기 위하여 수행되었다. 분석에 이용된 혈통자료는 듀록, 랜드레이스 및 요크셔 종에서 각각 137,302두, 228,651두와 657,079두였고, 유전체자료의 경우 Illumina Porcine SNP 60K bead chip V2를 이용하여 수집하였으며 세 품종에서 각각 2,567개, 7,594개 및 12,906개의 자료를 이용하였다. 듀록, 랜드레이스와 요크셔에서 혈통자료를 이용하여 추정된 근교계수는 각각 0.04, 0.02 및 0.02였으며, 유전체자료를 이용하여 추정된 근교계수는 각각 0.184, 0.098 및 0.063이었다. 듀록에서 두 근교계수의 상관이 0.466으로 가장 높게 나타났다. 본 연구를 통하여 혈통완성도는 유전체 정보를 이용하여 보완할 수 있음이 확인되었으며, 유전체 정보는 집단의 유전자원 관리에도 활용도가 높아 국내 양돈산업의 근친도 관리에서 중요한 역할을 할 것으로 기대된다.
        4,000원
        2.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The effects of annealing on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Al–Zn–Mg–Cu–Si alloys fabricated by high-energy ball milling (HEBM) and spark plasma sintering (SPS) were investigated. The HEBM-free sintered alloy primarily contained Mg2Si, Q-AlCuMgSi, and Si phases. Meanwhile, the HEBM-sintered alloy contains Mg-free Si and θ-Al2Cu phases due to the formation of MgO, which causes Mg depletion in the Al matrix. Annealing without and with HEBM at 500oC causes partial dissolution and coarsening of the Q-AlCuMgSi and Mg2Si phases in the alloy and dissolution of the θ-Al2Cu phase in the alloy, respectively. In both alloys, a thermally stable α-AlFeSi phase was formed after long-term heat treatment. The grain size of the sintered alloys with and without HEBM increased from 0.5 to 1.0 μm and from 2.9 to 6.3 μm, respectively. The hardness of the sintered alloy increases after annealing for 1 h but decreases significantly after 24 h of annealing. Extending the annealing time to 168 h improved the hardness of the alloy without HEBM but had little effect on the alloy with HEBM. The relationship between the microstructural factors and the hardness of the sintered and annealed alloys is discussed.
        4,000원
        3.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Radish is an important root vegetable in the world, and many cultivars have been developed with various molecular marker systems to identify these cultivars. Recently developed markers for radish cultivar identification require only 11 primer pairs, but they still use conventional PCR with different annealing temperatures and time-consuming gel electrophoresis. To improve the genotyping method, we applied touchdown PCR with 11 primers with M13 tails among 105 radish cultivars. Touchdown PCR successfully generated amplicons in all 11 M13-tailed primers with a condition of annealing temperature starting from 55℃, decreased by 1°C and 33 cycles at 53°C. The 11 M13-tailed primers followed by fragment analysis produced 71 amplicons, which produced more amplicons than gel electrophoresis that produced 23 amplicons. Especially, simple sequence repeats produced more amplicons, 12 on average, than the other marker types. The present study requires less effort and provides more accurate results compared to genotyping using gel electrophoresis. Besides, a database can be established using digitized genotyping results among radish cultivars.
        4,000원
        4.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, a prefabricated buckling brace (PF-BRB) was proposed, and a test specimen was manufactured based on the design formula for the initial shape and structural performance tests were performed. As a result of the experiment, all standard performance requirements presented by KDS 41 17 00 and MOE 2021 were satisfied before and after replacement of the reinforcement module, and no fracture of the joint module occurred. As a result of the incremental load test, the physical properties showed a significant difference in the stiffness ratio after yielding under the compressive load of the envelope according to the experimental results. It is judged necessary to further analyze the physical properties according to the experimental results through finite element analysis in the future.
        4,000원
        6.
        2023.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In the case of a school building, even though it is a regular structure in terms of plan shape, if the masonry infill wall acts as a lateral load resisting element, it can be determined as a torsionally irregular building. As a result, the strength and ductility of the structure are reduced, which may cause additional earthquake damage to the structure. Therefore, in this study, a structure similar to a school building with torsional irregularity was selected as an example structure and the damping performance of the PC-BRB was analyzed by adjusting the eccentricity according to the amount of masonry infilled wall. As a result of nonlinear dynamic analysis after seismic reinforcement, the torsional irregularity of each floor was reduced compared to before reinforcement, and the beams and column members of the collapse level satisfied the performance level due to the reduction of shear force and the reinforcement of stiffness. The energy dissipation of PC-BRB was similar in the REC-10 ~ REC-20 analytical models with an eccentricity of 20% or less. REC-25 with an eccentricity of 25% was the largest, and it is judged that it is effective to combine and apply PC-BRB when it has an eccentricity of 25% or more to control the torsional behavior.
        4,000원
        8.
        2023.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Buckling Restrained Braces can not only express the strength considered at the time of design, but also reduce the seismic load by energy dissipation according to the plastic behavior after yield deformation of the steel core. The physical characteristics and damping effect may be different according to the buckling prevention method of the steel core by the lateral restraint element. Accordingly, in this study, To compare hysteresis characteristics, Specimen(BRB-C) filled with mortar, specimen(BRB-R) combined with a buckling restraint ring and Specimen(BRB-EP) filled with engineering plastics was fabricated, and a cyclic loading test was performed. As a result of the cyclic loading test, the maximum compressive strength, cumulative energy dissipation and ductility of each test specimen was similar. But in case of the cumulative energy dissipation and ductility, BRB-C filled with the mortar specimen showed the lowest. This is considered to be because the gap between the steel core and the reinforcing material for plastic deformation was not uniformly formed by pouring mortar around the core part.
        4,000원
        9.
        2023.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study proposes an RCS composite damping device that can achieve seismic reinforcement of existing buildings by dissipating energy by inelastic deformation. A series of experiments assessing the performances of the rubber core pad, hysteretic steel slit damping device, and hybrid RCS damping device were conducted. The results showed that the ratios of the deviations to the mean values satisfied the domestic damping-device conformity condition for the load at maximum device displacement in each direction, at the maximum force and minimum force at zero displacement, as well as the hysteresis curve area. In addition, three analysis models based on load-displacement characteristics were proposed for application to seismic reinforcement design. In addition, the validity of the three proposed models was confirmed, as they simulated the experimental results well. Meanwhile, as the shear deformation of the rubber-core pad increased, the hysteretic behavior of super-elasticity greatly increased the horizontal force of the damping device. Therefore, limiting the allowable displacement during design is deemed to be necessary.
        4,000원
        10.
        2022.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, an incremental loading test of the HRS(Hybrid Rubber Slit) damper was additionally performed to define the physical characteristics according to the incremental test results, and an analytical study was performed according to the damping design procedure by selecting an example structure. As a result of performing seismic performance evaluation before reinforcement by selecting a RC structure similar to an actual school structure as an example structure, the story drift ratio was satisfied, but some column members collapsed due to bending deformation. In order to secure the seismic performance, the damping design procedure of the HRS damper was presented and performed. As a result of calculating the amount of damping device according to the expected damping ratio and applying it to the example structure, the hysteresis behavior was stable without decrease in strength, and the story drift ratio and the shear force were reduced according to the damping effect. Finally the column members that had collapsed before reinforcement satisfied the LS Level.
        4,000원
        11.
        2022.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        It is effective to apply hybrid damping device that combine separate damping device to cope with various seismic load. In this study, HRS hybrid damper(hybrid rubber slit damper) in which high damping rubber and steel slit plate are combined in parallel was proposed and structural performance tests were performed to review the suitability for seismic performance. Cyclic Loading tests were performed in accordance with criteria presented in KDS 41 17 00 and MOE 2019. As a result of the test, the criteria of KDS 41 17 00 and MOE2019 was satisfied, and the amount of energy dissipation increased due to the shear deformation of the high-damping rubber at low displacement. Result of performing the RC frame test, the allowable story drift ratio was satisfied, and the amount of energy dissipation increased in the reinforced specimen compared to the non-reinforced specimen.
        4,000원
        12.
        2022.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Changes in the mechanical properties and microstructure of an IN 939 W alloy according to the sintering heating rate were evaluated. IN 939 W alloy samples were fabricated by spark plasma sintering. The phase fraction, number density, and mean radius of the IN 939W alloy were calculated using a thermodynamic calculation. A universal testing machine and micro-Vickers hardness tester were employed to confirm the mechanical properties of the IN 939W alloy. X-ray diffraction, optical microscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, Cs-corrected-field emission transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry were used to evaluate the microstructure of the alloy. The rapid sintering heating rate resulted in a slightly dispersed γ' phase and chromium oxide. It also suppressed the precipitation of the η phase. These helped to reinforce the mechanical properties.
        4,300원
        13.
        2022.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        A typical trade-off relationship exists between strength and elongation in face-centered cubic metals. Studies have recently been conducted to enhance strength without ductility reduction through surface-treatment-based ultrasonic nanocrystalline surface modification (UNSM), which creates a gradient microstructure in which grains become smaller from the inside to the surface. The transformation-induced plasticity effect in Fe-Mn alloys results in excellent strength and ductility due to their high work-hardening rate. This rate is achieved through strain-induced martensitic transformation when an alloy is plastically deformed. In this study, Fe-6%Mn powders with different sizes were prepared by high-energy ball milling and sintered through spark plasma sintering to produce Fe-6%Mn samples. A gradient microstructure was obtained by stacking the different-sized powders to achieve similar effects as those derived from UNSM. A compressive test was performed to investigate the mechanical properties, including the yielding behavior. The deformed microstructure was observed through electron backscatter diffraction to determine the effects of gradient plastic deformation.
        4,000원
        14.
        2022.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        게임을 구현하는 동안 주기성을 보장해야될 필요성이 있는 경우가 많이 있다. 예를 들어 많은 경우에 캐릭 터의 충돌은 주기적으로 처리되어야 될 필요성이 있는데 주기적으로 처리하지 못하는 경우 게임에서 충돌 을 감지하지 못하는 경우가 발생할 수 있다. 또한 슈팅 게임에서는 많은 경우에 사용자의 편의를 위하여 특 정 버튼을 누르면 무기를 자동적으로 발사하는 기능을 포함하고 있어 주기적으로 무기를 발사해야될 필요 성이 있다. 한편 유니티를 사용하여 게임을 구현할 때 이러한 주기성을 보장하기 위해서 WaitForSeconds로 지연을 발생시킨 코루틴, InvokeRepeating, FixedUpdate, .NET의 Timers.Timer가 사용될 수 있다. 그러나 이러한 다양한 방법들로 인하여 방법의 선택에 어려움이 있어 연구를 진행하였다. 본 연구에서는 1분 동안 6000번 메서드를 주기적으로 실행하고 주기성과 횟수를 측정하였다. 또한 다양한 환경에서의 실험을 위하여 추가의 모델 렌더링이 없는 경우와 렌더링을 추가한 경우, 다양한 해상도에서 주기성과 메서드 호출 횟수를 모두 측정했다. 실험 결과, 부하가 적은 환경에서는 InvokeRepeating이 가장 6000회에 가까웠으며 부하가 큰 환경 에서는 Timers.Timer가 가장 6000회에 가까웠으며 실행 주기의 편차가 가장 적었다. 이러한 실험들을 통하여 유니티를 통하여 게임을 구현할 때 일정 시간 내에 실행되는 횟수가 중요한 게임에서 성능 부하가 크지 않 은 경우 InvokeRepeating을, 성능 부하가 크다면 .NET의 Timer를 쓰는 것이 적합함을 알아내었다. 본 연구를 통하여 개발자는 유니티에서 제공되는 주기성 제공 방법들 중에서 적절한 방법을 선택할 수 있다.
        4,000원
        15.
        2022.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Unlike the CFT retrofit method, The EPFT retrofit method, which fills the steel tube with engineering plastic, does not require a separate concrete forming work and is a lightweight seismic Retrofit Method. In this study, an prototype model of the EPFT was proposed, and to analyze the seismic performance, an independent specimens and a reinforced concrete column were fabricated to conduct a seismic performance test. As a result of loading test of the independent specimens, the strength was increased compared to the steel tube column without internal filling, and the ductility ratio did not significantly increase due to the falling off of the weld. As a result of loading test of the concrete reinforcement specimen, the strength, ductility ratio, and energy dissipation were increased, and the number of cracks by loading step decreased compared to the non-reinforced specimen.
        4,000원
        16.
        2022.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        An alternative fabrication method for carburizing steel using spark plasma sintering (SPS) is investigated. The sintered carburized sample, which exhibits surface modification effects such as carburizing, sintered Fe, and sintered Fe–0.8 wt.%C alloys, is fabricated using SPS. X-ray diffraction and micro Vickers tests are employed to confirm the phase and properties. Finite element analysis is performed to evaluate the change in hardness and analyze the carbon content and residual stress of the carburized sample. The change in the hardness of the carburized sample has the same tendency to predict hardness. The difference in hardness between the carburized sample and the predicted value is also discussed. The carburized sample exhibits a compressive residual stress at the surface. These results indicate that the carburized sample experiences a surface modification effect without carburization. Field emission scanning electron microscopy is employed to verify the change in phase. A novel fabrication method for altering the carburization is successfully proposed. We expect this fabrication method to solve the problems associated with carburization.
        4,000원
        17.
        2022.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        자기공명영상(MRI) 장비의 조영제로 흔히 사용되는 가돌리늄(Gd)은 매우 안정된 상태로 하수처리과정에서 거의 제거되지 않고 수환경으로 유입된다고 알려져 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 세 가지의 공법으로 하수처리를 하는 부산 수영 하수처리장에서 채취한 하수 시료의 공정별 용존 희토류 원소의 제거율 및 수환경으로 배출되는 인위적 기원 Gd (Gdanth)의 배출량을 평가하고자 하였다. 용존 희토류 원소는 공정별 처리 단계에 따라 무거운 희토류 원소(Tb-Lu)에 비 해 가벼운 희토류 원소(La-Eu)에서 농도가 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 또한 일부 시료에서 나타난 음의(negative) Sm anomaly (<1)는 생물학적 제거 과정에서 Sm이 입자나 인산염과 흡착되어 함께 제거되었을 가능성을 시사한다. 모든 시 료에서 양의(positive) Gd anomaly (149±50, n=9)를 보였으며, 공정별로 측정된 Gd의 총 농도 중 Gdanth은 약 97% 이 상을 차지하는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 하수처리과정에서 Gdanth 이 거의 제거되지 않고 수영강 하류로 배출된다는 것을 의미한다. 일별 처리용량을 고려하여 각 공정에서 배출되는 Gdanth의 배출량은 259 mmol/day로 추정할 수 있다. 본 연 구의 결과는 하수처리장을 통해 수영만 연안으로 Gdanth이 지속적으로 배출될 것으로 예상되며, 향후 Gd의 중장기적인 관측이 필요함을 시사한다.
        4,000원
        18.
        2022.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The seismic behaviors of the arch structure vary according to the rise-span ratio of the arch structure. In this study, the rise-span ratio (H/L) of the example arch structure was set to 1/4, 1/6, and 1/8. And the installation angle of the seismic isolator was set to 15°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°. The installation angles of the seismic isolator were set by analyzing the horizontal and vertical reaction forces according to the rise-span ratio of the arch structure. Due to the geometrical and dynamic characteristics of the arch structure, the lower the rise-span ratio, the greater the horizontal reaction force of the static load, but the smaller the horizontal reaction force of the dynamic load. And if the seismic isolator is installed in the direction of the resultant force of the reaction forces caused by the seismic load, the horizontal seismic response becomes small. Also, as the installation angle of the seismic isolator increases, the hysteresis behavior of the seismic isolator shows a plastic behavior, and residual deformation appears even after the seismic load is removed. In the design of seismic isolators for seismic response control of large space structures such as arch structures, horizontal and vertical reaction forces should be considered.
        4,000원
        19.
        2021.12 KCI 등재후보 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        2-에티닐-N-노나노일피리디늄 클로라이드를 치환기로 갖는 새로운 폴리아세틸렌 유도체를 합성하였다. 반응초기에 2-에티닐피리딘과 노나노일 클로아이드의 4차염화반응으로 생성된 단량체 종인 2-에티닐-N-노나노일피리디늄 클로라이드 는 별도의 촉매 없이도 중합반응이 잘 진행되었으며, 그결과 89%의 수율로 폴리아세틸렌계 이온성 공액구조 고분자를 합 성할 수 있었다. 여러 가지 분석장비를 이용하여 고분자 구조를 분석한 결과 설계한 치환기를 갖는 폴리아세틸렌 유도체 가 합성되었음을 확인할 수 있었다. 본 고분자는 메탄올, DMF, DMAc, DMSO, NMP 와 같은 극성 용매에 완전히 용해하였 으며, 이온성 측쇄 부분을 갖는 특성으로 다루는 과정에서 공기중 수분을 흡수하는 경향이 강했다. 고분자의 광흡수 및 전 기화학적 특성을 측정하고 분석하였다. 본 고분자는 산화-환원 피크 사이에 비가역적 전기화학적 거동을 보였으며 다른 이 온성 공액구조 고분자의 경우와 유사하게 전기화학적 스캔수를 증가한 실험에서 50회까지도 안정된 산화-환원 거동을 보 였다.
        4,000원
        20.
        2021.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This paper considers the influence of internal heat exchanger and capillary tube on the efficiency of small refrigeration system using eco-friendly refrigerants such as R290, R600a, R1270, and R717. A refrigeration system using such internal heat exchanger and capillary tube may improve performance, but may degrade performance. Therefore, this paper used a mathematical model in a normal state to understand performance characteristics as to what change occurs when internal heat exchanger and capillary tube are attached to eco-friendly refrigerant based on R134a. In addition, the effects of operating conditions such as refrigerant flow rate, evaporation temperature, condensation temperature, subcooling degree internal heat exchanger length and capillary tube length were analyzed. The result showed that the evaporation temperature, condensation temperature, subcooling degree, internal heat exchanger length and capillary tube length had an effect on the refrigeration capacity and compression power. Therefore, it is necessary to design a refrigeration cycle using an eco-friendly refrigerant by grasping these effects in detail.
        4,000원
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