본 연구에서는 Monopile 방식 풍력발전기 강구조물의 부식을 방지하기 위하여 S355 steel의 표면 거칠기에 따른 용사 코팅 상태에 관한 연구를 수행했다. 일차적으로는 시편별 서로 다른 표면거칠기를 부여하기 위해 밀링머신에 페이스 커터를 결합하여 시편별로 다른 조건의 Ra값 기준 표면거칠기를 부여했다. 실험 조건으로는 시편 가공 시 4가지의 회전속도(60, 400, 1200, 2000 rpm), feed rate 150(mm/min) 조건을 선정했다. 2차로는 와이어 용융 방식의 아크 용사 코팅을 실시했다. 코팅 조건으로는 분사 거리 200mm, 전압 24V, 전류 120A, 분사 압력 5bar, 와이어 삽입 속도 30g/mm, 와이어 직경 2mm이다. 용사 코팅 후 FE-SEM으로 표면을 관찰한 결과 모든 시편의 S355 면과 코팅층(아연-알루미늄) 사이에 유격이 발생하지 않고 성공적으로 안착이 되었음을 확인할 수 있었다.
In this research, the a novel finishing machine was used for hight-precision surface of spherical ball products that have been widely used for on/off valve for hydrogen energy flowing system and in medical field such as artificial hip joint component. The spherical balls products are the workpiece that made by Co-Cr-Mo alloys with 32-mm in diameter and Sa≈ 0.30μm in surface roughness. Their surface roughness was successfully improved via the magnetic abrasive tools that controlled the magnetic field of permanent magnets. The critical input conditions were selected as rotational speed: 800rpm, gap: 3mm, tool grain size: 1-μm finishing time: 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15min. The results of this research showed that under the given finishing conditions, the high surface quality in the terms of surface precision of spherical ball products are successfully achieved, in which the surface roughness is reduced from 0.30-μm to 0.04-μm within the short finishing time at 12min. Therefore, it can be concluded that a novel finishing machine is feasible to be used for improving the surface roughness of spherical ball products, resulted in high surface precision of materials.
Magnetic abrasive finishing process is one of the advanced finishing technique, which is commonly used to improve the surface accuracy and dimensional of many products in various application such as for medical implant, automotive, electrical, and IT, etc. In this study, the MAF process using rotating magnetic field with flexible processing force is used to smooth the surface of STS 316L stents wire under the optimal conditions such as rotating speed: 150, 350, 600rpm; diamond grain size: 1, 3, 6-μm, and processing time: 20, 40, 60, 80min. The results showed that under the processing conditions, quality enhancement in surface accuracy of STS 316L stent wire is achieved, in which the surface roughness is reduced from 0.22 to 0.06-μm.
In this study, the performance was checked and the optimal conditions were found by machining the inner surface of a round pipe using the magnetic abrasive finishing method. In this experiment, an AL 6063 pipe was used as a sample. To check the performance of magnetic abrasive finising, the machining effect of different abrasive particle mixing ratio, rotation speed, and magnetic pole arrangement was analyzed through surface roughness (Ra) and weight removal measurement. The optimum mixing ratio was 3:1 of electrolytic iron to magnetic abrasive particles, the rotational speed was 1600rpm, and the best surface roughness was obtained in the N-S-N arrangement of magnetic poles.
It has been studied that the aluminum extrusion with the ingot-recycled composite billet that is casted. The billet is composed of the inner rod with the recycled and the outer ring with the ingot aluminum. For easy producing the tensile specimens to evaluate the bonding strength between recycled and ingot material, the extrusion die was designed. Two types of the billet are extruded. One is a composite billet that is casted. The other is an assembled billet with the turned bars. The strength is measured from tensile tests with extruded specimens. The effect on the strength of the oxidized layer between the materials has been researched with EDS analysis.
Magnetic abrasive finishing (MAF) process is a surface improvement method, which the magnetic field of permanent magnet or electromagnet is used to control the abrasive particles during the finishing process. The magnetic abrasive tools are filled between the N-pole and S-pole of Nd-Fe-B type permanent magnets. Tungsten carbide bar (WC) is a high hardness material and its compressive strength is much higher than the other materials. Therefore, due to its superior mechanical properties, it has been widely used in cutting or machining process. Because the smooth surface of tungsten carbide is required in cutting tools, thus the magnetic abrasive finishing process was applied for achieving its surface accuracy and dimensional accuracy. The results showed that the surface roughness of tungsten carbide bar was improved from Ra: 0.23㎛ to Ra: 0.02㎛ in 120 sec by magnetic abrasive finishing process.
In this research, the magnetic abrasive finishing process using (Nd-Fe-B) permanent magnet was applied to confirm the performance and to find the optimum conditions. The STS304 bar was used as the specimen in this experiment. In order to confirm the performance of magnetic abrasive finishing process, the surface roughness (Ra) and diameter reduction were measured when the specimens were processed under the conditions of rotational speeds, frequencies, and magnetic pole shapes. The rotational speeds were varied at 8000rpm, 15000rpm, 20000rpm, and 25000rpm. And the frequencies were changed to 0Hz, 4Hz and 10Hz. Also the shapes of the magnetic pole were changed to flat edge, sharp edge and round edge. It can be concluded that the surface roughness (Ra) and diameter reduction were found to be the best at 25000rpm, 4Hz, flat edge.
In this research, we evaluate on the disassemblability of recycling process for vehicle front door using the symbolic chart method and machine-learning algorithm. It is applied to the front door of 1600cc class vehicle, and then the conventional steel door and CFRP door were compared. Based on the principle symbolic chart method, the number of processes can be different according to decomposer proficiency of suitability of recycling process, so the evaluation method is required to supply this issue. The machine learning algorithm, and artificial intelligence method were applied and the applicable tools for each experiment were used to compensate the variations in the number of processes according to different proficiencies. Because CFRP front door has integrated components compare to steel door, so its disassemblability processes were decreased to 80 from 103 of the conventional steel door’s. It can be confirmed that the disassemblability was increased from the suitability of recycling equation. In case of the steel, disassemblability was approximately 60.6, in case of the CFRP is approximately 72 for car front door. Therefore, it can be concluded that the disassemblability of CFRP was better in the evaluation of suitability of recycling.