Light weighting is one of techniques considered importantly at designing the mechanical structure using the light weight material. This study deals with aluminum-6061 and aluminum foam which stood in the spotlight of light weight material. And the finite element method for safety evaluation has been carried out in order to prevent from the damage and fatigue fracture due to crack appearing at the mechanical structure with this material. The simulation analysis as MT(middle tension) test was carried out by using the core of aluminum foam and the material laminated with sandwich structure of Al-6061. The mechanical structure is linked together with various parts and designed as the material with hole or crack. So, MT test is one of the test methods to evaluate the fatigue fracture characteristic of material and the strength inside material with the center crack by applying the load to the part connected pin. The real material strength is thought to be evaluated through the study result of MT test analysis.
At modern mechanical and automotive industry, the material with light weight proceeds in order to thr environmental issue and high performance. Machine part is fastened with numbers of bolts and nuts. Generally, the metal part at mechanical structure is fastened with bolt and nut through puncturing. But it is difficult to puncture at CFRP with the property of fiber structure like the general metal. In this study, the fracture behavior is investigated by the hole and crack at the plate of the unidirectional CFRP due to ply angle. The thickness of plate is 2 mm. Two laminates with the varied ply angles are layered and eight plies are made. The hole is placed at the center of plate and the cracks with the length of 2 mm are generated on both left and right sides from the hole. The finite element program of ANSYS is carried out in order to analyze the CFRP with fiber layer. As analysis, the maximum reaction force and equivalent stress are investigated due the angle of ply. The reaction force in case of the stacking angle of 90° is shown to be greatest among all specimens.
An aluminum with the light weight has been used at the automotive car body. As the aluminum is applied to the automotive seat, the optimum design becomes important by investigating the mechanical properties. This study aims at suggesting the basic data for the optimum design of automotive seat frame. In this study, the mechanical properties are investigated through the simulation analysis on the entire structure of seat frame. Two study models using the real commercial vehicles are designed with CATIA program and analyzed with ANSYS program. The harsh condition during the driving state is supposed by using the analyses of natural frequencies and harmonic responses. As the real frequency ranges in this study are set by selecting the natural frequencies through modal analysis. The critical frequencies are analyzed by harmonic response on which the driver is seated. The values of maximum equivalent stresses at models 1 and 2 are shown to be 18.073MPa and 2259.2MPa respectively. The critical frequency at models 1 and 2 are also shown to be 77 Hz and 206 Hz. The maximum stress at model 1 becomes far bigger than model 2. By comparing two models, model 1 has more critical condition than model 2. At the design of automotive seat frame at the dynamic vibration condition, the material of design with the durability and safety can be secured through this study result.
Separately from a single body, crash box is maufactured into the two alumnae by bonding adhesive. Crashbox has the property to absorb the shock by impact transferred to the car body at the collision between cars. In this study, the structural effect and performance are investigated according to the positions of holes punched at this crash box. The optimal structure is investigated for optimal design data of aluminum crash box. The equivalent stresses of study models distributed by compressive loads are compared with each other by using the analysis program of ANSYS. Total energies and mechanical strengths of study models at the real situation are also analyzed. As analysis results, the maximum equivalent stresses of 40880MPa, 42368MPa, 43176MPa, 44960MPa and 43476MPa are shown at study models due to the hole positions of 10mm, 15mm, 20mm, 25mm and 30mm from the upper plane of crash box respectively. Also, the total energy on analysis are verified within the error range of 10 % by comparing that on experiment at the hole position of 10mm. It is thought that the crash box due to the hole position from the upper plane of crash box can be effectively designed through this study result.
As CFRP with only a single material shows the various fracture properties, it has been applied to the many areas through the whole industry. The method bonding with adhesive has been recommended to apply the CFRP to structure. But it is inevitable that the mechanical joints with bolt, nut and rivet have been used sometimes. This study investigates the effect that these joints influence the CFRP panel through the analysis result. The analysis models as CFRP panels with the thickness of 5 mm have four kinds of layer angles which are 30°, 45°, 60° and 75°. The fracture property is examined when the pressure by the mechanical joint is applied to the upper panel. As the joint pressure is distributed most effectively in case of the layer angle of 60°, it is shown that this pressure becomes lower and the deformation of panel becomes lowest. On the basis of this study result, it is thought that the foundation data for the design of CFRP structure can be provided and contributed to the safety design of structure.
In this study, the analyses of structure, fatigue and vibration with two models of 1 and 2. As the result of structural analysis, the equivalent stress and the total deforamtion of model 1 become higher than those of model 2.Model 1 shows fatigue life more than model 2. As the vibration analysis, model 1 has the safety better than model 2. As shown by these results, the main parts ofdamage and the weak areas can be investigated to differ from each other according to the configuration of model though these models have the same material property. The result of this study through the analysis can be applied to develop the optimal design of automotive seat frame with durabilty and safety.
Baelantang(BLT) is used in female infertility caused by ovulation disorder. An attempt was to evaluate the influences of BLT on the serum concentrations of FSH, LH, estradiol(E2) and progesterone, the histological and optical changes of ovary, ovary weight of rats. The results of the study were as follows : 1. Blood FSH level increased experimental group as compared with control group on 7th day, which showed no efficacy. 2. Blood LH level increased in experimental group as compared with control group on 7th day and decreased 14th day, which showed no efficacy. 3. Blood E2 level decreased in experimental group as compared with control group on 7th day and increased 14th day, which showed no efficacy. 4. Blood progesterone level increased in experimental group as compared with control group on 7th day and decreased 14th day, which showed no efficacy. 5. In histological observations of ovary, ovulation increased in experimental group as compared control group on 7th day and on 14th day, which showed no efficacy. 6. In optically observations of ovary, weight of ovary increased in experimental group as compared with control group on 7th day and 14th day, which showed no efficacy. According to these results, BLT did not influence on the ovulation and ovary of rats.