Grapefruit extract rich in functional substances adjusting pH 5.0 and adding sucrose (final concentration, 2%) was fermented by Leuconostoc mesenteroides CJNU 0147 strain, consequently prepared a fermented grapefruit extract containing dextran. As a result of analyzing the growth inhibitory effect on gut harmful bacterium Clostridium difficile strain using the prepared fermented grapefruit extract, the viable cell count was significantly reduced (p<0.05 vs. control for 0.5 brix as a final concentration; p<0.001 vs. control for 1.0 brix). On the other hand, the proliferative ability of the extract for Bifidobacterium breve strain, which is one of the species of the genus Bifidobacterium well known as human gut beneficial bacteria, was confirmed (p<0.001 vs. control for both 0.5 and 1.0 brix). These results indicate fermented grapefruit extract with Leu. mesenteroides CJNU 0147 strain inhibits the growth of gut harmful bacterium C. difficile and promotes the proliferation of beneficial bacterium B. breve and is expected to be used as a functional food material for gut health.
본 논문에서는 H.264/AVC 비디오 코덱에 다차원 변환을 적용하여 높은 압축 성능을 갖는 비디오 부호화 방법을 제안한다. 다차원 변환은 4×4 변환의 장점과 높은 공간적 압축도를 갖는 변환 방법이다. 본 논문에서는 효율적인 변환을 위해 블록모드에 따라 동일한 방향성을 가진 영역을 설정하는 방법을 소개한다. 또한 다차원 변환에 맞는 변환계수 비용 함수를 제안하여 개선된 결과를 얻을 수 있다. 실험을 통해 제안하는 비디오 부호화기는 H.264/AVC에 비하여 BD-RATE 측면에서 약 6.14% 개선된 성능을 보였다.
We study clustering algorithm for sequences of categorical values. Clustering is a data mining problem that has received significant attention by the database community. Traditional clustering algorithms deal with numerical or categorical data points. How
The variation of instrumental profile for the different scan speed of PDS is estimated as FWHM of the assumed Gaussian Profile. The effects of scan speed and scan aperture of PDS on the objective prism spectrum analysis are investigated for 8 combinations of scan speed and scan aperture. Amomg them. D1 apture with 15 csu is found to be the most optimum choice for measuring KISO objective prism film. We suggest the preliminary test study of the scan speed and aperture for the optimum use of PDS for any massive scan of spectra. The optimum scan speed and aperture depends on the dispersion of spectrum as well as the type of phtographic emulsion.