최근 선박 연료유는 고점도화 되고 슬러지분이 증가되고 있는 추세이며, 선박에서 발생한 슬러지의 처리 및 보일러 연료유로의 재활용 방안 등에 대해서 많은 연구가 수행되고 있다. 이러한 연구 중 특히 슬러지를 미립화하여 분쇄하기 위한 초음파 유화기는 가장 현실성 있는 재활용 장치로 알려져 있다. 이러한 관점에서, 이 연구는 초음파 유화기 개발에 대한 기초연구로서 슬러지의 유온과 유압이 따른 여과효율을 조사하였다. 실험결과는 보일러 인젝터에 슬러지를 분사할 경우 적절한 온도와 압력을 결정하거나, 또한 초음파 유화기에 의한 실험결과와 비교할 수 있는 자료로 활용될 수 있다. 아울러 유온과 유압의 영향에 따라 분쇄된 슬러지 입자의 여과효율 등을 연구하는데 있어서 기초자료로 활용될 수 있을 것이며, 궁극적으로 선박에서 발생한 슬러지를 자체 처리하여 보일러의 연료유로 사용함으로써 해양유류오염을 방지하는데 기여할 수 있을 것이다.
Ultrasonic vibrator is an equipment which atomizes and homogenizes the oils by breaking the oil particles with ultrasonic vibration cavity, and possibly improves the properties. There are various parameters on the effect of ultrasonic irradiation. Especially, this study intended to investigate the matrix structure of sludge oils and the erosion damages for horn disc SS41 according to the variation of the oil temperature and the immersing depth of horn disc. Sludge oils were irradiated with ultrasonic vibration and then observed the aspects of the change of oil particles. From these, the recycling feasibility of sludge oil for useable oil to be burnt was determined. The erosion damages for horn disc SS41 were examined with weight loss, weight loss rate and the irradiation time to max. erosion rate. These data will be useful to the development of ultrasonic breaking systems to recycle sludge oil and to consider a countermeasure for the prevention of erosion damages.
Many investments and works being continued to preserve green ocean in each countries of the world. Especial1y, the researches on the prevention of marine oil pollution being strengthened. It is not easy to disclose sludge oils that were produced necessarily in the ships operation, so that they are transferred to shore treating facility after collected inside the ship＇s sludge tank mostly. However, this shore transferring method is not only costly and time consuming but also entails risk of oil pollution. In this regard, it will be the best way to manage the sludge oils inside ship itself. The purpose of this study is to device an ultrasonic breaking systems which recycle the sludge oil from ships into usable oil to be burnt. In this paper, the first place, matrix structures of sludge fuel oil(SFO) and sludge lubricating oil(SLO) with the irradiation time for ultrasonic vibrator were interpreted. And, erosion damage for vibrator horn tip which is one of important part of ultrasonic breaking systems was examined under such an environment of the sludge oils. The material for horn tip is being made of SS41 steel and its erosion phase was investigated with variation of the vibration amplitude of 50μm and 24μm as well as the change of temperature in the oil environments. It is suggested that the experimental results can be helpful to the development of sludge oil disposing systems for the vessel.
Recently, a greater part of all ship use a coarse heavy fuel oil(HFO) over specific gravity(S.G) 1.00/15℃ and viscosity 3,500 cSt/40℃ as the fuel oil of marine boiler or internal combustion engine from the viewpoint of economical ship' operation. The greater plan to improve a combustion methods of heavy fuel oil, such as atomization, homogeneity and emulsification, were contrived and carried out newly, and then applied 20kHz ultrasonic homogenizer to one of test methods. Also, adopted the marine oils(fuel oil and lubricating oil etc.) and sludge oil as test solutions, and its matrix structures were examined with photographs, Especially, it is important at control system of oil pollution, for the sludge oil emulsified, to be recycled as fuel oil of boiler according to 20kHz Ultrasonic homozenizer, and then fuel saving is attained effectively by making sludge oil to be burnt.
In this paper, the behaviour of cavitation erosion, influence of corrosion and corrosion control on slide bearing metals for internal combustion engine were investigated, and this experiment was done by the vibratory cavitation erosion tester. The main results obtained are as follows: 1. With decreasing the space between horn and specimen, the weight loss and its rate increased step by step. But the weight loss and its rate of 0.2mm space decreased conversely more than that of 0.4mm space at early stage. 2. The weight loss and its rate with change of pH were appeared to the order of pH2>pH12>pH7>pH4. And the weight loss and its rate at pH 4 decreased at best. 3. The weight loss and its rate by cavitation erosion for bearing metals were shown to the order of W.M7>W.M1>K.M4. 4. There appeared mainly small pit hole at pH2, and appeared the pit of netting thread type at pH12 by the results of the damaged surfaces at pH2 and pH12 environments that were sensitive to cavitation erosion. 5. With increasing the viscosity of lubricating oil, the weight loss rate by cavitation erosion became dull at the space below 0.5mm. 6. The protective efficiency of cavitation erosion-corrosion is superior inhibitor of chormate(25 ppm) to cathodic protection.
Recently, with the tendency of more lightening, high-strength and high-speed in the marine industries such as marine structures, ships and chemical plants, the use of the aluminium Alloy is rapidly enlarge and there occurs much interest in the study of corrosion fatigue crack characteristics. In this paper, the initiation of surface crack and the propagation characteristics on the base metal and weld zone of 5086-H116 Aluminium Alloy Plate which is one of the Al-Mg serious alloy(A5000serious) used most when building the special vessels, were investigated by the plane bending corrosion fatigue under the environments of marine, air and applying cathodic protection. The effects of various specific resistances on the initiation, propagation behavior of corrosion fatigue crack and corrosion fatigue life in the base metal and heat affected zone were examined and its corrosion sensitivity was quantitatively obtained. The effects of corrosion on the crack depth in relation to the uniform surface crack length were also investigated. Also, the structural, mechanical and electro-chemical characteristics of the metal at the weld zone were inspected to verify the reasons of crack propagation behavior in the corrosion fatigue fracture. In addition, the effect of cathodic protection in the fracture surface of weld zone was examined fractographically by Scanning Electron Microscope(S.E.M.). The main results obtained are as follows; (1) The initial corrosion fatigue crack sensitibity under specific resistance of 25Ω.cm% show 2.22 in the base metal and 19.6 in the HEZ, and the sensitivity decreases as specific resistance increases (2) By removing reinforcement of weldment, the initiation and propagation of corrosion crack in the HAZ are delayed, and corrosion fatigue life increases. (3) As specific resistance decreases, the sensitivity difference of corrosion fatigue life in the base metal and HAZ is more susceptible than that of intial corrosion fatigue crack. (4) Experimental constant, m(Paris' rule) in the marine environment is in the range of about 3.69 to 4.26, and as specific resistance increases, thje magnitude of experimental constant, also increases and the effect by corrosion decreases. (5) Comparing surface crack length with crack depth, the crack depth toward the thickness of specimen in air is more deeply propagated than that in corrosion environment. (6) The propagation particulars of corrosion fatigue crack for HAZ under initial stress intensity factor range of δk sub(li) =27.2kgf.mm super(-3/2) and stress ratio of R=0 shows the retardative phenomenon of crack propagation by the plastic deformation at crack tip. (7) Number of stress cycles to corrosion fatigue crack initiation of the base metal and the welding heat affected zone are delayed by the cathodic protection under the natural sea water. The cathodic protection effect for corrosion fatigue crack initiation is eminent when the protection potential is -1100 mV(SCE). (8) When the protection potential E=-1100 mV(SCE), the corrosion fatigue crack propagation of welding heat affected zone is more rapid than that of the case without protection, because of the microfissure caused by welding heat cycle.
Recently with the rapid development in marine and shipbuilding industries such as marine structures, ships and chemical plants, it takes much interest in the study of corrosion fatigue characteristics that was close up an important role in mechanical design. In this study, characteristics of corner crack propagation on the base metal and heat affected zone of 5086 Al-Alloy was tested by using of a rotary bending fatigue tester and was investigated under the environments of specific resistance, σ=25Ω cm and air. The corrosion fatigue crack initiation and corrosion fatigue life sensitivity were quantitatively inspected for 5086 Al-Alloy in the specific resistance, σ=25Ω cm. Main results obtained are as follows: (1) The corrosion sensitivity of heat affected zone under specific resistance, σ=25Ωcm shows approximately 1.69~2.22 and corrosion sensitivity of base metal is more susceptible than that of heat affected zone. (2) The corrosion fatigue life sensitivity on heat affected zone decreases eminently than that of initial corrosion fatigue crack. (3) The characteristics of quarter elliptical corner crack propagation shows that depth crack is more grown than surface crack at crack initiation, but the surface crack is more propagated than depth crack as the crack propagation is increased. (4) The surface crack and depth crack growth on heat affected zone by softness show delayed phenomenon than that of base metal.
평면 굽힘부식피로 시험기를 사용하여 선박용 알루미늄합금재의 부식피로파양에 관한 연구를 한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 비저항이 증가함에 따라서 초기 부식피로균열발생까지의 반복회수는 지연되고, 그 부식감수성은 감소하는 양상을 나타낸다. 2. 비저항이 감소할수록 Paris rule의 실험상수 m 값은 작아지면서 응력강도 계수값에 비해 부식에 의한 영향이 더욱 민감해 진다. 3. 알루미늄 5086 합금의 부식피로균열은 입계균열파양의 양상을 보이고 있다. 4. 응력강도계수값이 증가함에 따라 부식감수성은 감소되어지고 응력강도계수값이 40kg.mm super(-3/2) 이상일 때 부식감수성은 거의 균일하게 된다.
This study was conducted to investigate the timely characteristics of phytoncide in forest trail of Ulsan Metropolitan. Air samples were collected from July to October 2011. The phytoncide were detected and quantified using a Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer(GC/MSD). This study are summarized as follows ; The highest levels of phytoncide concentration of August is higher than other months in Munsu Mt. and Samho Mt.(town mountains). The higher phytoncide emission rates found in the morning and in the evening. The concentration of phytoncide was understanded to be greatly influenced by environment change of day time.
This study was conducted to investigate the seasonal variation characteristics of phytoncide in trail of Ulsan Metropolitan. Air samples were collected from May to December 2011. They were collected using Tenax Ta tube and phytoncides were detected and quantified using a Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GC/MSD). This study are summarized as follows; The seasonal concentrations of phytoncide are Munsu Mt. 272.3 ㎍/㎥, Samho Mt. 192.4 ㎍/㎥, Shinbul Mt. 50.9 ㎍/㎥, Sibli Bamboo forest 22.4 ㎍/㎥ and Joongbu Fire Station 24.4 ㎍/㎥. In Munsu Mt., Samho Mt. and Shinbul Mt. major component ratio is α-Pinene >β-Pinene+Myrcene >Limonene >Camphene >γ-Terpinene >α-Terpinene. Bamboo forest and Joongbu fire station major component ratio is α-Pinene >Limonene >β-Pinene+Myrcene >Camphene >α-Terpinene. The variation of seasonal concentration is summer >spring >fall >winter. The phytoncide concentration of coniferous forest(Munsu Mt., Samho Mt.) is higher than broadleaf forest(Shinbul Mt.).
조선분야의 부가가치 창출은 조선기자재 산업 활성화에 있다 하지만 우리나라 조선 분야 경쟁력은 내실보다는 외형에 치우치고 있는 것이 현실이다. 특히 조선기자재 분야는 선진국과 비교했을 때 빠른 시간 내에 경쟁력을 확보해야 하는 과제를 안고 있다. 이에 본 논문에서는 조선기자재 산업의 경쟁력 제고를 위해 조선기자재 특성, 조선기자재 산업 현황, 수요공급현황, 국산화 현황 등을 분석하고 이를 근거로 조선기자재 산업의 경쟁력 확보방안을 도출하는데 그 목적을 두었다. 이러한 연구를 토대로 조선기자재 산업 발전방향을 모색하고 더불어 경쟁력 확보에 필요한 근거 자료를 제공하고자 한다.