본 연구는 시설토마토 재배지에서 push-pull 전략을 이용해 담배가루이와 천적곤충의 행동을 제어함으로써 담배가루이(Bemisia tabaci)를 친환경적으로 방제하기 위한 기술을 개발하고자 수행하였다. 담배가루이는 노란색에 유인율이 가장 높았으며, 520 nm의 광원에는 유인반응을 복합광원인 450 + 660 nm의 광원에는 회피반응을 보였다. 천적곤충인 담배장님노린재(Cyrtopeltis tenuis)와 미끌애꽃노린재(Orius laevigatus)는 모두 520 nm의 광원에 가장 높은 유인반응을 보였다. 휘발성 물질로는 ocimene과 carvacrol에 대해 기피반응을, methyl isonicotinate에는 유인반응을 보였다. 토마토 온실에 메밀을 투입하였을 경우 천적곤충인 담배장님노린재의 밀도는 무처리 대비 15일간 약 16배로 높게 유지되었다. Push-pull 세부전략들을 종합 처리한 결과, 처리 50일 경과 후 담배가루이의 트랩당 밀도는 무처리 대비 3배 이상 낮게 나타났으며, 이에 따른 시기 별 방제효과는 시간이 경과함에 따라 증가하는 경향을 보인 가운데 최고 68.7%였다.
This study was conducted to develop a technology for environmentally friendly control of Bemisia tabaci by a push-pull strategy in tomato greenhouse. B. tabaci was most attracted to the light source of 520nm, whereas it showed an avoidance response to the complex light treatment of 450+660nm. Two natural enemies, Nesidiocoris tenis and Orius laevigatus were attracted to 520nm. B. tabaci was repellent to volatile organic compounds, ocimene and carvacrol, while methyl isonicotinate showed attractant response. When buckwheat was added into the greenhouse, the density of N. tenis was maintained at about 16 times higher for 15 days. As a result of the combined treatment of push-pull strategy, the density of B. tabaci was 3 times lower and the control effect increased with time and reached up to 68.7%.
해충방제용 미생물 선발을 위해 2018년도에 공원·산림·유기농 근권 토양 87지점을 수집하여 갈색거저리를 이용한 insect-bait법 및 자연조건에서의 감염사충으로부터 곤충병원성 곰팡이를 132균주 분리하였다. 분리된 균주는 점박이응 애, 복숭아혹진딧물에 대한 살충활성 스크리닝을 통하여 각 해충별 살충활성을 보이는 56균주를 선발하였다. 선발된 균주들은 rDNA의 ITS영역을 이용하여 분류동정 하였다. 추가 적용범위 확대를 위해 무잎벌(종령 유충), 거세미나방류 (3~6령 유충)와 같은 지하부 이동성 해충의 방제 가능성을 탐색하기 위해 선발 곤층병원성 곰팡이의 포자 현탁액의 관주처리 방법으로 살충활성을 검정 중이다.
This study was carried out to confirm the predatory and developmental features of N. stenoferus. We determine the host range of N. stenoferus. As a result, it was confirmed that Aphis gssypii, Myzus persicae, Planococcus citri, and Frankliniella occidentalis. N. stenoferus is thought to be able to feed on other micro pests. The test for a developmental period of N. stenoferus at 25℃ showed that the egg period was about 10 days. The nymphal period was about 18 days. Each nymphal period from 1st instar to 3rd instar nymphs was about 3 days. And the nymphal period of 4th and 5th were about 3.5 and 6 days, respectively. The female adult laid eggs in stem tissue or on leaves, and sometimes on the soaked cotton for water supply.
This study was carried out to confirm the parasitic and developmental features of A. japonica and D. suzkii was used as a parasitic natural enemy. A. japonica attacked the D. suzukii larvae and the emergence of adults were observed from D. suzukii pupae. Black spots were observed in parasitized D. suzukii larvae. Mortality of parasitized larvae, rate of parasitic and developmental feature were investigated according to developmental stages of host, D. suzukii. Mortality and rate of parasitic of D. suzukii larvae were the highest when second instar larvae were attacked. Developmental period of parasitized D. suzukii larvae showed differences to developmental stages, but there was no significant difference in developmental stage of pupal period.
경기지역에 발생하는 돌발 및 남방계 해충의 발생실태 조사결과, 겨울철 경기지역 평균기온이 전년보다 3.7℃, 평년보다는 1.2℃ 낮게 경과함에 따라 포도 재배지 꽃매미 평균 월동난 부화율은 35.6%로 전년 대비 60% 감소하였음. 블루베리 재배지 갈색날개매미충의 평균 월동난 부화율은 26.9%로 전년 대비 50% 감소하였으며, 겨울철 피해가지 제거로 부화약충의 밀도는 매우 낮았음. 저온 적응성이 강한 미국선녀벌레의 경우 6월 중순 안성지역 평야 블루베리에서 약충이 가지당 최대 6.64마리 발견되었으나, 하절기 고온 등으로 성충의 밀도는 크게 감소되었음. 남방계 해충인 볼록총채벌레는 포도 재배지에서 5월 하순부터 발견되기 시작하여 7월 상순부터 급격히 증가하는 양상을 보인 가운데 지역별로는 남부지역(안성), 지대별로는 중산간지 > 산간지 > 평야지 순으로 높은 경향을 보였음.
The citrus flatid planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa, a invasive species causes serious damages to field crops, including sweet persimmon, soybean, maize, especially ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A meyer). We selected six chemical pesticides and one environmental friendly pesticide made from the mixture of derris extracts, citronella oils, and cinnamon extracts in laboratory. These pesticides showed over 90% of control effect in open ginseng field. This study was carried out with the support of the cooperative research program for RDA (project No. PJ0124992018), Republic of Korea.
This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence patterns of sporadic and major insect pests in Gyeonggi Province Area. Lantern fly (Lycorma delicatula) damages to reduce the yield and quality of commodities in grape orchard begin to emergence from the early May, and new adults have appeared from the middle July lay eggs till the early November. The hatchability of eggs laid in last year was influenced by the extremely low temperature (especially -20℃ and under) in over-wintering season. Sweet-potato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) is widely distributed in the southern part of gyeonggi province, and the biotype of most regional populations is Q-type except the partial Goyang area population (B-type). Potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) had been reported firstly in 2009 expanded and was confirmed in the northern part of gyeonggi province in 2010. Citrus flatid planthopper (Metcalfa pruinosa), becoming an issue in Korea, have been detected apple (Paju), pear (Yongin, paju), grape (Paju) orchards in 2010.
Although the greater part of Coccinellidae are all pure entomophagous insects (Weber and Lundgren, 2009), many species of phytophagous, mycophagous and polyphagous ladybirds have been reported in worldwide. This study was conducted to investigate the morphological characteristics of mouthparts of mycophagous ladybird, I. koebelei, comparison with aphidophagous species, Propylea japonica (Coccinellidae: Coccidellini), and developmental charicteristics of I. koebelei at different temperature under incubation conditions. Four species of powdery mildews that I. koebelei fed were observed, and their host plants were pear tree, persimmon tree, red pepper and cucumber. The most conspicuous elements of I. koebelei mouthparts is the mandible. The distal incisor region of the mandible of both species is formed by two teeth, giving them a bifid apex. and the terminal teeth spilt near top and the ventral tooth is smaller than the dorsal one. but the ventral tooth of I. koebelei divided into a row of additional teeth was different with P. japonica. Furthermore, while the inner mandibular cutting edge of P. japonica is smooth, that of I. koebelei is covered in minute teeth, forming a comb. These structures are presumed to help I. koebelei rake fungal spores growing on leaf surface. The developmental period and reproduction ability of were significantly different according to temperature conditions when I. koebelei was fed the powdery mildew from cucumber leaves. The optimum temperature for I. koebelei rearing was from 23 to 25℃ that is the similar condition of cucumber powdery mildew occurrence.