Recently, the market competition has been fiercer due to the acceleration of technological change and the launch of intelligent products. In this situation, technology cooperation activities through networks rather than independent technological innovation activities of a single company or institution are recognized as a crucial strategy to gain competitiveness. Technology cooperation can take various forms depending on the target technology, and researchers have conducted performance analyses of technology cooperation types. However, there have not been data-based quantitative studies on the types and trends of technology cooperation for the target technology. In this paper, we explored the difference between the technology cooperation types by technology and time using the formal concept analysis method and co-patent information. In particular, the proposed methodology has been verified through the case study of electric vehicles, and it is intended to suggest the direction of technological cooperation according to specific technologies and cooperation targets in the future
본 연구는 중국 C2C 중고거래 플랫폼의 사용자 연구대상으 로 정보기술 수용과 사용 태도에 대해 설명력이 높다고 인정받 고 있는 기술수용모델(TAM)을 토대로 핵심 변수 외 다양화된 정보시스템 환경을 반영하는 변수로 주목받고 있는 지각된 유 희성을 추가 변수로 지정하였다. 본 연구는 가설을 검증하기 위해 중국 C2C 중고거래 플랫폼에 대한 경험 있는 사용자들을 대상으로 조사를 실시하였다. 총 400부의 설문지를 배포하였으 며 회수된 설문지를 선별하여 총 362부 유효 설문지가 선출되 었다. 또한, C2C 중고거래 플랫폼 특성 변인인 정보 대칭성을 규명하고, 이를 바탕으로 정보의 이용 가치를 높이고 활성하기 위한 전략 방향에 시사점을 제시하는 데 그 목적을 둔다. 그리 고 마케팅 연구의 학문적 발전에 기여하고 기업에는 중고 플랫 폼을 활용한 마케팅 전략 수립 시 실무적인 도움을 제공할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.
Recent developments in information and communication technologies (ICT) can be applied in stores, and the number of fashion stores that have introduced and utilized ICT are increasing. By applying a literature review and empirical research, the types of ICT service factors of fashion stores were identified and categorized. The effect of their importance on consumer behavioral intentions was analyzed. Next, using factor analysis on the ICT service factors, five factors were identified and named as follows: smart space services, smart payment services, virtual image services, product information services, and smart access services. The importance of these factors was then analyzed. The importance of each factor and detailed questions was rated above average. After examining the effect of ICT service on behavior intention, issues such as purchase intention, revisit intention, and word of mouth intention were found to have significant influence. This study is meaningful in that it derives the importance factors of ICT services that can be used in fashion stores in a situation where retail techniques become important and expand, and provides marketing strategies related to consumer behavior according to detailed factors. With retail tech becoming more important and expanding, it is necessary to provide various services that consumers value by utilizing ICT in fashion stores. Considering the results of this study, ICT technology and services of various fashion stores can be effectively utilized and retail tech utilization performance can be improved.
Background: Recently, a new home-based dysphagia rehabilitation method using information and communications technology (ICT) has been reported, but clinical evidence is still lacking. Objectives: To investigate the effects of home-based dysphagia rehabilitation using ICT on tongue muscle strength and volume in patients with developed dysphagia after stroke.
Design: Randomized controlled trial design.
Methods: Twenty patients who developed dysphagia after stroke were enrolled. The experimental group received dysphagia rehabilitation in the form of ICT-based home care. In contrast, the control group received traditional rehabilitation based on swallowing under the supervision of occupational therapists. All interventions were conducted five times a week for four weeks. Results: Both groups showed statistically significant increases in tongue muscle strength and volume after the intervention (P<.05, both). However, there were no significant differences in tongue strength or volume between the two groups after the intervention (P>.05, both). Conclusion: Home-based dysphagia rehabilitation using ICT showed effects similar to those of conventional swallowing rehabilitation in patients who developed dysphagia after stroke. These findings suggest that dysphagia rehabilitation can be conducted at home without the help of a therapist.
Data on patent and scientific paper is considered as a useful information source for analyzing technological information and has been widely utilized. Technology big data is analyzed in various ways to identify the latest technological trends and predict future promising technologies. Clustering is one of the ways to discover new features by creating groups from technology big data. Patent includes refined bibliographic information such as patent classification code whereas scientific paper does not have appropriate bibliographic information for clustering. This research proposes a new approach for clustering data of scientific paper by utilizing reference titles in each scientific paper. In this approach, the reference titles are considered as textual information because each reference consists of the title of the paper that represents the core content of the paper. We collected the scientific paper data, extracted the title of the reference, and conducted clustering by measuring the text-based similarity. The results from the proposed approach are compared with the results using existing methodologies that one is the approach utilizing textual information from titles and abstracts and the other one is a citation-based approach. The suggested approach in this paper shows statistically significant difference compared to the existing approaches and it shows better clustering performance. The proposed approach will be considered as a useful method for clustering scientific papers.
Due to the rise of Information & Communication Technology (ICT) adoption in many fields, it is necessary to diagnose the informatization situations of corporations in agriculture and give suggestions for improvement. For this goal, surveys were designed and conducted to understand the current informatization situations of agriculture corporations in Korea. The survey covers the plan for utilizing information technology, the establishment of infrastructure for information technology, IT application status, and its effect on their performance. The specific focus of our research is to segment the corporations by their type of industries and their level of sales and give differentiated managerial implications for each segment. This is because the type of informatization and information technology assistance they need highly depends on their industry type and sales level. Based on descriptive statistics and regression analyses, tailored managerial and polic
21세기 들어서 더욱 나빠지는 기후변화로 가뭄이나 물 부족현상이 전 세계적으로 확대되고 있다. 또한, 화석연료 사용으로 발생하는 이산화탄소는 전체 온실가스의 80%를 차지하기 때문에 지구 온난화의 요인이 되고 있다. 따라서 수처리 멤브레인, 가스분리용 멤브레인, 2차전지용 분리막의 중요성은 증대하고 있으나, 미국, 일본, 독일 등 선진국에서 기술을 독점 하고 있어서 국내 멤브레인 기술의 고도화 및 경쟁력 강화가 시급히 요구되고 있다. 그래서 국가에서도 연구예산을 지원하고 있으나, NTIS 데이터를 이용하여 효율성을 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 단기과제 위주로 지원되고 있고, 타 기술 분야에 비해서도 연구비 규모가 작으며, 기초 소재 분야 지원이 취약한 것으로 분석되었다. 따라서 장기과제를, 많은 예산으로, 대학을 중심으 로 많이 투자할 때 멤브레인 기술의 향상과 경쟁력이 강화되어 선진국과 동등한 기술력을 갖출 것으로 기대된다.
The applications of information and communication technology (ICT) into real industrial fields are getting great attentions in recent years. More and more industrial practitioners and scientific researchers are conducting studies and trying to adopt the technologies into diverse industrial fields. The purpose of this study is to review the technologies such as big data and smart sensors and to provide application cases in order to facilitate grafting the 4th industrial revolutionary technologies onto the safety and health systems. Based on the comprehensive reviews on literature, reports, and industrial cases, we found that big data technology has been used in industries for investigating work related disease. In addition, digital image technology and drone have been applied to establish safety system in construction industry. Lastly, some companies have tried to apply the technologies to build their own safety and health system.
In this study, we introduce the technology that provides the driver with the information related to the traffic information application such as the traffic center or T-map when the slippery situation occurs on the road by collecting the slip information by the vehicle speed on the road surface. Road surface detection technology collects road surface information by using black box and DTG which are installed in commercial vehicles and detects dangerous sections for road safety. It transmits information to a traffic center and transmits it to a rear vehicle driver It is aimed at delivering safe driving information.
Recently, maintenance science has been promoted and many advanced equipments have been developed such as GPR surveying, automatic gauging robot, bridge deck inspection robot. And the government - led policy on the fourth industrial revolution affects the R & D field of science and technology, and science for all fields remains a challenge. However, the equipment that has been developed so far is applied separately to each field, so that it is not possible to grasp the state of the entire structure. Therefore, in this study, the applicability of BIM and image information mapping technology in expressway maintenance was analyzed. To accomplish this, a basic analysis was conducted to identify the characteristics of the equipment developed for the current structure inspection and to build a platform to manage the collected data collectively.
This study investigated how pre-service English teachers develop and use MICT (mobile information and communication technology)-TPACK (technological pedagogy and content knowledge) to select and use mobile applications for their micro teaching in a pre-service teacher training program. Although mobile technology has rapidly developed with the adoption of mobile multimedia devices and applications, the use of pre-service teachers’ TPACK is still limited to lower-level searches and to a mere tool for content presentations. The participants were nine students in a pre-service teacher training course in a four-year women’s university. Several research methods such as surveys, participant observations, micro teaching and interviews were utilized. The results of the study show the concept of TPACK needs to be extended to MICT-TPACK in this mobile age. The use of pre-service English teachers’ MICT-TPACK impacted and changed their concept of pedagogy to heutagogy. The teachers used mobile applications to facilitate their students’ inquiry-based learning of English as a subject as well as a medium of digital literacy. In order to select mobile applications for their lesson, the teachers developed a modified version of quality criteria for mobile applications. This study suggests there should be well-developed quality criteria for evaluating affordances of mobile applications.
The objective of this study is to investigate patent trends of Daegu city which tries to introduce environment friendly energy and to develop new technology or new industry sprung from technology convergence on smart decentralized energy technology and other technologies. After applying network analysis to corresponding groups of technology or industry convergence, strategy for future energy convergence industry is provided. Patent data applied in Daegu city area are used to obtain research goal. The technology which contains several IPC codes (IPC Co-occurrence) is considered as a convergence technology. Path finder network analysis is used for visualizing and grouping by using IPC codes.
The analysis results categorized 13 groups in energy convergence industry and reclassified them into 3 cluster groups (Smart Energy Product Production Technology Group, Smart Energy Convergence Supply Technology Group, Smart Energy Indirect Application Technology Group) considering the technical characteristics and policy direction. Also, energy industry has evolved rapidly by technological convergence with other industries. Especially, it has been converged with IT industry, and there is a trend that energy industry will be converged with service industry and manufacturing industry such as textile, automobile parts, mechanics, and logistics by employing infrastructure as well as network.
Based on the research results on core patent technology, convergence technology and inter-industry analysis, the direction of core technology research and development as well as evolution on decentralized energy industry is identified. By using research design and methodology in this study, the trend of convergence technology is investigated based on objective data (patent data). Above all, we can easily confirm the core technology in the local industry by analyzing the industrial competitiveness in the macro level. Based on this, we can identify convergence industry and technology by performing the technological convergence analysis in the micro level. 1
올해 7월, 미국 나이언틱사가 출시한 증강현실 (Augmented Reality, 이하 AR) 게임 ‘포켓몬 고’의 인기로 AR 기술을 접목한 게임에 대한 관 심도 폭증했다. 게임 유저가 AR 기기를 통해, 마 치 현실에 정말 살고 있는 듯이, 디지털 객체들을 시야에 구현하기 위한 과정에서, 현실 정보가 수집, 교환, 재가공 되는 모습을 실시간으로 체험하며 게임을 즐기는 것이 기존 VR 게임과 다른 점이다. 하지만 증강현실 게임과 관련된 법적 문제 분석 및 이에 대한 대비 규제책 마련은 현재로선 다소 부족한 편이다. AR 게임이 게임 콘텐츠의 지적재산권 외에, 기존의 가상 게임 구현 및 게임 유저의 플레이 과정에선 직접적으로 쓰이지 않았던 지리적 정보⋅게임 유저의 개인 정보와 같은, 이미 존재하는 현실의 데이터를 수집⋅가공⋅이용⋅배포하기 때문이다. AR 게임 관련, 이미 발생했거나 발생이 예상되는 문제들은 모두 유저들이 직접 현실에서 AR 게임의 기술과 게임 시스템을 구현하는 과정에서 문제가 발생한다. 이를 가상 공간에서 빚어진 문제로 볼지, 현실 공간에서 빚어진 문제로 다룰지에 대해 복잡한 논의가 대두될 수도 있다. 현재 가상 공간과 현실 공간을 규제하는데 우선적으로 적용하는 법리가 암묵적으로 고정 분류 되어있는 바, 앞으로는 기존의 게임 형태 혹은 공 간의 현실성을 초월해, 발생한 결과 자체의 현실적 구현 정도에 따라, 그에 맞는 법이나 규제를 적 용해야할 것으로 여겨진다. 그리고 이러한 복합적인 고려과정은 종국적으로는 규제 판단 및 적용 과정을 단순화시켜, 유저가 다양한 상황에도 직접 손쉽게 일괄적으로 사안을 해결할 수 있는 단순화된 보호 체계를 마련하는 경향이 대두되는데도 기여할 것으로 여겨진다.
Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) is one of the II-VI semiconducting materials, having novel fundamental properties and diverse areas of application such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs), electroluminescence, flat panel displays, infrared windows, catalyst, chemical sensors, biosensors, lasers and biodevices, etc. However, despite the remarkable versatility and prospective potential of ZnS, research and development (R&D) into its applications has not been performed in much detail relative to research into other inorganic semiconductors. In this study, based on global patent information, we analyzed recent technical trends and the current status of R&D into ZnS applications. Furthermore, we provided new technical insight into ZnS applicable fields using in-depth analysis. Especially, this report suggests that ZnS, due to its infrared-transmitting optical property, is a promising material in astronomy and military fields for lenses of infrared systems. The patent information analysis in this report will be utilized in the process of identifying the current positioning of technology and the direction of future R&D.