It is well-known that the primary role of a vehicle exhaust system is to reduce the exhaust emissions and noise caused by a running vehicle. However, as vehicle exhaust systems are being evaluated and improved in various ways to satisfy consumer needs, technologies for reducing noise and vibration are significantly being developed. The biggest challenge in designing an exhaust system is generating the optimal back pressure and flow velocity for a running vehicle, thereby maximizing the performance, while simultaneously reducing the noise caused by the exhaust emissions. In this study, we designed the junction chamber shapes of various exhaust systems, which are applicable to V6 and above engines, and conducted a CFD analysis of the exhaust gas flowing through an exhaust pipe. In addition, we precisely measured the noise and vibration caused by a vehicle and analyzed the correlation.
In this research, we evaluate on the disassemblability of recycling process for vehicle front door using the symbolic chart method and machine-learning algorithm. It is applied to the front door of 1600cc class vehicle, and then the conventional steel door and CFRP door were compared. Based on the principle symbolic chart method, the number of processes can be different according to decomposer proficiency of suitability of recycling process, so the evaluation method is required to supply this issue. The machine learning algorithm, and artificial intelligence method were applied and the applicable tools for each experiment were used to compensate the variations in the number of processes according to different proficiencies. Because CFRP front door has integrated components compare to steel door, so its disassemblability processes were decreased to 80 from 103 of the conventional steel door’s. It can be confirmed that the disassemblability was increased from the suitability of recycling equation. In case of the steel, disassemblability was approximately 60.6, in case of the CFRP is approximately 72 for car front door. Therefore, it can be concluded that the disassemblability of CFRP was better in the evaluation of suitability of recycling.
In this study, Equivalent fracture strain and Fracture energy were evaluated with the small punch test(SP test) for friction stir welded(FSW) Al6061-T6 sheets. With the three rotation speeds and the three feeding rate, The nine different conditions of FSW were prepared for the SP test. The SP test specimens were manufactured and tested on the advancing side, center, and retreating side to the tool rotation direction. From the SP test data, the equivalent fracture strain and the fracture energy were analyzed. The high value of equivalent fracture strain was attained form tool rotational speed 900RPM and feeding rate 330mm/min. It is found that its characteristic is about 14% higher than the value of condition 1100RPM-330mm/min that have the lowest value. The high value of fracture energy was obtained from the tool rotation speed 900RPM and feeding rate 330mm/min. The lowest fracture energy, which from 1000RPM-300mm/min, was approximately 16% difference to the highest value.
The investigation on the lightweight of automobiles has been underway in commercial vehicles as well as passenger cars due to global warming and strengthening of European emission standards. In this study, the V-arm were developed for lightweight parts using aluminum alloy instead of steel with high pressure die casting processing. This study has focused on lightweight adaptive concept design. Several models of V-arm were designed and analyzed for the fluidity and solidification. V-arm was produced with ADC12 by high pressure die-casting process. The mechanical properties of developed V-arm were measured; such as tensile strength, elongation, shear strength, and durability. The possibility of mass production with the light weight aluminum V-arm substitute from the steel. The weight was reduced about 38% from 16kg to 9.98kg. The productivity was improved with decreasing the process from 8 to 5 by All-in-0ne process using high pressure die-casting.
Magnesium alloy is becoming known for the lightest material in the metallic materials. Recently the automotive industry has a variety application to the light weight parts replacement. This study focuses on the mechanical property improving through a tiny amount’s CNT addition into the magnesium alloy as AM60. The CNT material is an arduous combination of the metallic materials. Therefore this study is concentrating on the contact force growth for the CNT material. Consequently, the made CNT is produced by the CVD process using the magnesium catalyst. The CNT material has dispersive with mechanical process into the molten AM60 alloy. The mechanical experiment result that hardness is 18% increasing and tensile strength is 13% increasing, better than the raw AM60 alloy on this investigation.
In this paper, interior noise that is brought into inside of coach when it passes by straight line track, railway turnout section, curved track, and rail lubricator section with test coach was measured in accordance of track characteristic of urban railway vehicle. It was evaluated with 60km/h of constant speed in the motorized trailer, no.3 car T1 motorized trailer of urban railway vehicle. Interior noise characteristic value is higher in order of curve, rail lubricator, railway turnout, and straight track as a result of the test. The highest characteristic value is 86.7dB in the curved track. And, the lowest characteristics value is 75.5dB(A) in the straight track. For accurate result comparison, it is transformed into sound pressure distribution by time domain, sound pressure level by time domain, sound pressure level for frequency domain and completed analysis.
The characteristics of CNT-Polyamide composites were analyzed, that is, tensile strength, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity were measured according to the align length of CNT. There have been researches on the influence of aligned CNT to improve the mechanical and thermal characteristics in different areas including absorption and shielding of electromagnetic wave, thermal distribution or absorption, and high-strength of CNT.
The aligned CNTs were synthesized by the ethylene gas with a CVD device preheated at 650℃. CNT-Polyamide composites were produced with the mixing of solution. CNT contents were controlled from 1phr to 50phr in the polyamide-ethanol solution, and blended with the 700W bar-type ultrasonic wave for 60 min.. And then CNT-polyamide were precipitated by CNT-polyamide-etnanol falling into the cold water. After dried 12 hours, CNT-polyamide composite were pressed at 150℃~180℃ with 400kgf to get the thickness of 1mm.
As the conclusions, aligned CNT bundles were dispersed by cutting of CNT to the aligned direction because of polyamide properties. Tensile strength and electrical resistivity were improved to the increase of aligned length of CNT. Thermal conductivity was little affected by the align length of CNT.
The effect of CNT diameters on properties of CNT-polyamide composites was investigated such as electrical conductivity, tensile strength and thermal conductivity. To get different diameter distributions of CNTs, several portions of Mo and Fe in Mo-Fe/MgO catalysts were synthesized by a combustion method at 600℃. And all CNTs growed at 900℃ with 3 SLM methane and 1 SLM hydrogen for 40min. Four kinds of CNTs with different diameter distributions, such as 1~3nm, 3~7nm, 7~13nm, and 10~30nm, were selected to make CNT-polyamide composites. Each composite was manufactured by a solution mixing using bar-type ultra-sonicator in the CNT portions from 1phr to 50phr. And electrical conductivity, tensile strength, and thermal conductivity were measured. Three properties of CNT-polyamide composite, manufactured with 10nm diameter, were more excellent compared to other composites, with electrical conductivity Ω at 7phr, thermal conductivity 2.4.W/mK at 40phr, tensile strength 60MPa at 30phr. CNTs with a diameter of 10nm were superior to other diameters for the multi-functional composite such as CNT-polyamide composites.