Recently, research on MAX phase materials has been actively conducted. M of MAX phase is made of early transition metal element, A is A-group (IIIA or IVA) element, and X is Carbon or Nitrogen. It has the chemical formula of MnAXn-1, and is called the 211, 312, and 413 groups according to the indices(n=1,2,3). MXene material is characterized by having a layered structure of 2D structure like graphene by etching the element corresponding to A-gruop in the MAX phase. So far, MXene materials have been reported to be applied in various fields. In particular, research is being actively conducted as anode material for Li secondary batteries, electromagnetic wave shielding material, and hydrogen storage alloy material. In the pulse energization active sintering method, the surface of the powder particles is cleaned and activated more easily than the conventional electrical sintering process and material transfers at both the macro and micro level, so that a high-quality sintered body can be obtained at low temperature and fast time. In this study, the MAX phase was synthesized in a short time by using a pulse current active sintering apparatus, and the MXene material was prepared from the synthesized MAX phase and the structure was analyzed.
This study has related to lightweight automobiles due to global warming with the reduction of fossil fuel reserves are rapidly progressing around the automobile industry.
This study has revealed the relationship for the mechanical properties via the analyzed microstructure, precipitated phase variation of the wheel hub of a commercial vehicle manufactured using molten forging technology using A356 and A357 alloys, which are high-strength Al-Si-Mg base cast aluminum alloys. Differential scanning calorimetry has performed to analyze the precipitation amount of each alloy that influences the mechanical properties of aluminum alloy. The XRD analysis has measured for the microstructure's crystal phase on A356 and A357 alloys.
In this paper has evaluated to compare the properties of the A356 alloy and the A357 alloy for the mechanical properties. The A356 alloy has confirmed that a microstructure is finer than A357 alloy, and a quantity of precipitated material is more than A357 alloy. Therefore, this study confirmed that the A356 alloy has better mechanical properties than the A357 alloy.
Porous Fe-Cu-C alloy was sintered by Pulsed Current Activated Sintering(PCAS) method within 10 min from horizontal ball mill mixture. The relative density of Fe-20wt.%Cu-0.8wt.%C alloy fabricated by PCAS method was 91%. The average hardness of the Fe-20wt.%Cu-0.8wt.%C alloy was HRB 92. The phase analysis, microstructure and composition information of the sintered alloy were investigated by using XRD, FESEM, EDAX.
Commercial carbon fiber is sized with Bisphenol A type epoxy, a thermosetting resin, to prevent fiber damage due to friction during weaving and manufacturing processes. When the thermoplastic resin is used as the base material, the interface between the carbon fiber and the thermoplastic resin is very weak because the bonding force with the thermosetting resin is not good, which greatly affects the mechanical properties of the composite material. Therefore, in order to improve the mechanical properties of the thermoplastic composite material, a process of removing the epoxy sizing layer on the surface of the carbon fiber in a furnace is required. In this process, the physical properties of the carbon fiber are changed according to the change of carbon fiber heat treatment conditions. In this paper, the study was carried out to evaluate the tensile strength required for automobile parts by extrusion and injection of thermoplastic resin based carbon fiber composites. Depending on the heat treatment temperature and time of the carbon fiber was a slightly tensile strength of the carbon composite material occurs, the tensile strength of the carbon composite material with a 6 hour heat-treated carbon fiber was measured at 550 ℃ the highest to 93 MPa. When the heat treatment holding time is more than 6 hours or the heat treatment temperature is more than 600 ℃, it may be the damage to the carbon fiber, which can cause a decrease in the tensile strength of the carbon fiber composite material.
Since electric energy is used in industry, mass production and various conveniences are provided. To provide convenience for the construction and operation of such electric energy transmission and distribution facilities, it is increasing that the demand for special purpose vehicles, that is, telescopic aerial work platform vehicles. When working active electric work using the telescopic aerial work platform vehicles, due to active electric work is inevitable, it is essential to ensure insulation performance for the safety of the operator. In this paper, we study the design and development of mechanical properties for filament winding process of glassfiber/epoxy composite, it is required to boom of telescopic aerial work platform vehicles. The glass fiber/epoxy composite filament winding process and its mechanical properties were evaluated to replace the existing ATOS80 boom. By filament winding process it was obtained the mechanical properties required for the design analysis of the glass fiber/epoxy composite boom. Using this, the insulated boom for the 30m class aerial work vehicle was designed and was manufactured by applying the filament winding process. The fabricated composite boom was evaluated by the static strength test to meet the required strength. The maximum displacement was 84mm and the crack occurred at the maximum load of 8981N. It satisfied the maximum lifting load of 4900N and 210mm the maximum displacement required for the boom.
Due to rapid industrialization and urbanization, maintenance of high voltage transmission lines in narrow alleys, complex roads, or old factory areas is required. Since the existing aerial lift vehicle is made of steel, there is a risk of electric shock. Therefore, there is a need for the development of an insulated aerial lift vehicle that can prevent electric shock accidents during electrical work. In particular, the development of an insulated aerial lift vehicle is required in a recent work environment where live line work is inevitable. The development of composite insulation boom for the vertical swing type aerial lift vehicle is studied. The insulated boom was developed by applying glass fiber-epoxy composite and filament winding process. The developed insulated boom was verified by measuring dielectric breakdown strength, surface resistance and volume resistance according to ASTM D149 and ASTM D257.
유니버설 조인트는 두 회전 축 사이에서 힘을 전달하는 구성 요소이며, 구동축과 피동축이 나란히 정렬되지 않아도 나란히 정 렬되지 않아도 동력전달이 가능하게 하며 각도 변화가 있는 전동축에서도 효율적으로 동력을 전달시키는 부품으로서 자동차의 동력전달 장치에서 많이 적용되고 있다. 차량의 경량화를 위해 고강도 알루미늄의 사용이 증가하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 알루미늄 6061 재질을 사용하여 유니버셜 조인트 샤프트를 성형하기 위해 환봉 압출, U-Shape 성형, Spline 성형 등에 대한 단조 해석 연구하였다. Bar Extrusion 성형 시 23.3Ton, U-shape 성형 시 62.2Ton, Spline 성형 시 3.2Ton, 총 Cycle Time 226sec의 성형 조건을 산출하였으며, 이를 적용하여 알루미늄 유니버셜 조인트를 제작하였다. 비틀림 시험을 통해 토크값은 평균 425.8(N・m), 비틀림 각은 평균 171.6° 의 실험값을 통해 기존 제품에 비해 단조 제품이 12.0∼14.4%의 비틀림 성능의 향상을 보였다.
Aluminum High Vacuum Die-casting process has become more prevalent in automotive manufacturing industry which require high productive rate, weldable process and heat treatment process. However, high pressure die castings usually contain gas porosity due mainly to the entrapment of air or gas in the die during the high speed injection of the molten metal into the die cavity.
Vacuum block system with disk spring was developed and vacuum chanel was optimized with numerical flow analysis. The porosity of die castings was analyzed by X-ray CT, and the effect of porosity on the mechanical properties was analyzed by hardness and tensile test. Tensile strength was improved 49.5% for 50mbar high vacuum die-casting process compare then 300mbar. And then, Surface property was analyzed with plunger velocity and fast shot set point.
In this research, we evaluate on the disassemblability of recycling process for vehicle front door using the symbolic chart method and machine-learning algorithm. It is applied to the front door of 1600cc class vehicle, and then the conventional steel door and CFRP door were compared. Based on the principle symbolic chart method, the number of processes can be different according to decomposer proficiency of suitability of recycling process, so the evaluation method is required to supply this issue. The machine learning algorithm, and artificial intelligence method were applied and the applicable tools for each experiment were used to compensate the variations in the number of processes according to different proficiencies. Because CFRP front door has integrated components compare to steel door, so its disassemblability processes were decreased to 80 from 103 of the conventional steel door’s. It can be confirmed that the disassemblability was increased from the suitability of recycling equation. In case of the steel, disassemblability was approximately 60.6, in case of the CFRP is approximately 72 for car front door. Therefore, it can be concluded that the disassemblability of CFRP was better in the evaluation of suitability of recycling.
In this study, Equivalent fracture strain and Fracture energy were evaluated with the small punch test(SP test) for friction stir welded(FSW) Al6061-T6 sheets. With the three rotation speeds and the three feeding rate, The nine different conditions of FSW were prepared for the SP test. The SP test specimens were manufactured and tested on the advancing side, center, and retreating side to the tool rotation direction. From the SP test data, the equivalent fracture strain and the fracture energy were analyzed. The high value of equivalent fracture strain was attained form tool rotational speed 900RPM and feeding rate 330mm/min. It is found that its characteristic is about 14% higher than the value of condition 1100RPM-330mm/min that have the lowest value. The high value of fracture energy was obtained from the tool rotation speed 900RPM and feeding rate 330mm/min. The lowest fracture energy, which from 1000RPM-300mm/min, was approximately 16% difference to the highest value.
The investigation on the lightweight of automobiles has been underway in commercial vehicles as well as passenger cars due to global warming and strengthening of European emission standards. In this study, the V-arm were developed for lightweight parts using aluminum alloy instead of steel with high pressure die casting processing. This study has focused on lightweight adaptive concept design. Several models of V-arm were designed and analyzed for the fluidity and solidification. V-arm was produced with ADC12 by high pressure die-casting process. The mechanical properties of developed V-arm were measured; such as tensile strength, elongation, shear strength, and durability. The possibility of mass production with the light weight aluminum V-arm substitute from the steel. The weight was reduced about 38% from 16kg to 9.98kg. The productivity was improved with decreasing the process from 8 to 5 by All-in-0ne process using high pressure die-casting.